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From: Scott Moomey ( -
Subject: Re: eating honey
Date: December 12, 2005 at 3:16 pm PST

In Reply to: eating honey posted by tim stuart on December 12, 2005 at 1:10 pm:

Hi,this is taken from THE VEGAN SOURCEBOOK second edition by Joanne Stepaniak. A good book to read for new vegans. page 119 and it is to lenghthy for me to type it all but here some of it. ( In keeping with the usual animal agribusiness practice wresting as much profit as possible from every captive being, many beekeepers have expanded their business to include taking almost every substance found in the hive. In addition to honey, beekeepers harvest beeswax ( a primary ingredient in beeswax candles and many "natural" cosmetics), bee pollen, propolis, and royal jelly. Before these materials can be removed from the hive, bees must be forced out of their homes. Common methods used to evacuate bees include smoking or shaking the hives, noxious repellents, and forced air. Even the most careful beekeeper cannot help but squash or otherwise kill bees (including eggs and larvae) in the process. During unproductive month, some beekeepers poison or starve their bees to death or burn the hive to avoid complex downtime maintenance. The hive may also be burned if bees become infected with contagious diseases. Because excessive inbreeding has resulted in a death of genetic diversity, honeybees are highly suceptible to a number of sometimes fatal diseases, many of which are relatively widespread. Queen bees may be bought individually or sold with an entire colony. Although no genetic engineering has been done on bees, queen bees are typically artificially inseminated and selectively bread for desireable characteristics, such as honey production, size, and gentleness. Exploitative techniques such as wing clipping may be employed as to keep the queen bee immobilized. Arthur Ling acknowledges that although the production and consumption of honey may not be of the most exigent issues facing vegans, it should nevertheless be conclusively addressed.

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