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From: Jeff Novick, MS, RD, LD, LN (novick.vegsource.com)
Subject:         Re: Why so many low fat gurus?
Date: September 9, 2007 at 5:56 pm PST

In Reply to: Why so many low fat gurus? posted by Steve on September 9, 2007 at 2:03 pm:

Steve

You are correct, Nathan Pritikin was not the first.

>>Why so many low fat gurus? Why did it take to the 70s, then the 90s to get people aware of low fat diets when it was discovered in the 50s?

There were even those before the 50s. (See my references below)

Maybe in each generation we needed some new voices to carry the torch and also to incorporate the knowledge of the past in with all the new info that science was discovering. All of the ones you have mentioned have done much to add to the popularity and understanding of what a healthy low fat diet is.

To give some respect where it is due...

The Pritikin Program was developed after the information you mentioned above in additon from the work of a Dr Lester Morrison, a cardiologist in CA, who published a study in the JAMA back in the early 60s on the low fat diet and CVD. Also, the work or Walter Kempner, the originator of the Rice Diet, also published quiet a bit in the 50s on low fat diets. All this predated the Pritikin studies which our first was in 1981. Since then we have around 120 studies.

Morrison LM. “Diet in coronary atherosclerosis.” JAMA 173 (1960): 884-888.

Dr Morrison also wrote a book to inform the public directly called The Low-Fat Way to Health and Longer Life (Prentice-Hall, 1958).

KOFFLER M. Ambulatory treatment of hypertension with the Kempner rice diet.Harefuah. 1955 Aug 1;49(3):45-7.

NEWBORG B, KEMPNER W.
Analysis of 177 cases of hypertensive vascular disease with papilledema; one hundred twenty-six patients treated with rice diet.
Am J Med. 1955 Jul;19(1):33-47.

KEMPNER W, PRESCHEL E, BLACKSCHAFFER B.
Effect of diet on experimental hypertension and on the development of polyarteritis nodosa in rats.
Circ Res. 1955 Jan;3(1):73-8. .

KEMPNER W. Radical dietary treatment of hypertensive and arteriosclerotic vascular disease, heart and kidney disease, and vascular retinopathy. GP. 1954 Mar;9(3):71-92.

KEMPNER W. [Effect of rice diet in experimental hypertension and in patients with heart, kidney and vascular diseases.] Z Klin Med. 1954;152(4):328-45. .

BLOCH J. [Rice-fruit diet in hypertension (Kempner ricediet); metabolic and clinical aspects.] Wien Med Wochenschr. 1950 Oct 21;100(39-40):672-5.
PMID: 14788827 [PubMed - OLDMEDLINE for Pre1966]

WATKIN DM, FROEB HG, HATCH FT, GUTMAN AB.
Effects of diet in essential hypertension. II. Results with unmodified Kempner rice diet in 50 hospitalized patients.Am J Med. 1950 Oct;9(4):441-93.

WILLIAMSON CR. Observations on the management of hypertension by the Kempner rice diet.N Engl J Med. 1950 Aug 3;243(5):177-82.

WESTON RE, HELLMAN L, ESCHER DJ, EDELMAN IS, GROSSMAN J, LEITER L.
Studies on the influence of the low sodium cardiac diet and the Kempner regimen on renal hemodynamics and electrolyte excretion in hypertensive subjects.J Clin Invest. 1950 Jun;29(6):639-50.

KEMPNER W. Treatment of heart and kidney disease and of hypertensive and arteriosclerotic vascular disease with the rice diet.Ann Intern Med. 1949 Nov;31(5):821-56, illust.

Thanks
In Health
Jeff

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