SEARCH VEGSOURCE:

 

 

Follow Ups | Post Followup | Back to Discussion Board | VegSource
See spam or
inappropriate posts?
Please let us know.
  




From: TSS ()
Subject: PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION OF (CWD?) FARMED CERVIDS FROM CANADA
Date: July 23, 2005 at 6:22 am PST

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

National Center for Import and Export:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION OF

FARMED CERVIDS FROM CANADA

1 Canada_Cervids

1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.1 No import permit is required if the cervids are offered for entry at a land border

port and meet one of the following conditions: (a) were born in the U.S. or Canada

and have been in no other region, or (b) were legally imported into Canada from

another region and have been unconditionally released and eligible to move freely

within Canada for at least 60 days after such release.

In any other cases, the importer must obtain an import permit from:

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS),

Veterinary Services (VS),

National Center for Import-Export (NCIE),

4700 River Road, Unit 39,

Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1231.

1.2 An official health certificate is required. The official health certificate must be

issued by a veterinarian designated by Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA),

and must be endorsed by a veterinarian employed by CFIA attesting to the

certifications and tests required in this protocol.

1.3 Cervids described on the health certificate must be captive farmed animals.

Animals born in the wild are ineligible for entry under this protocol. Properly

identified cervids under 6 months of age, traveling at the side of their dam, are

exempted from the test requirements.

1.4 All cervids must be identified with an official unique individual eartag or tattoo,

and must also have a large readable bangle eartag which allows the bangle numbers

to be checked without offloading the animals. Bangle tag numbers and

corresponding official tag or tattoo numbers must be recorded on the health

certificate.

1.5 The health certificate must contain the certification statements as listed in the

following section. The dates and results of the tuberculosis and brucellosis testing

must be recorded on the health certificate.

2. CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS

2.1 Canada is free of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious

pleuropneumonia, and surra.

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

National Center for Import and Export:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION OF

FARMED CERVIDS FROM CANADA

2 Canada_Cervids

2.2 Continuous records of animal identification and herds of residence of the

animal being exported from the time of birth until export were verified.

2.3 Herd of origin status:

(a) Chronic wasting disease has never been diagnosed in the herd of origin.

(b) The herd of origin is a tuberculosis herd of negative status according to the

provisions of the CFIA captive ungulate program, and there has been no direct

no indirect contact between the herd of origin and any known tuberculosis

(Mycobacterium bovis) infected source.

(c) The herd of origin is located not less than forty (40) kilometers from any

known Mycobacterium bovis, Brucella abortus or chronic wasting disease

infected wild population.

(d) The herd of origin does not contain animals from any herd where

tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis), or brucellosis (Brucella abortus) has ever

been diagnosed.

(e) Neither tuberculosis nor brucellosis has been diagnosed on the premises of

origin during the five (5) years preceding the start of testing for export.

(f) On the premises of origin, there are no M. bovis susceptible ruminants, that

have not attained the status of a herd officially recognized free of tuberculosis

or a herd of negative status for tuberculosis under the Canadian Animal Health

Program for Farmed Cervids.

2.4 The animal intended for export is not the direct offspring of an animal that has

been diagnosed with chronic wasting disease nor has it resided at any time in a herd

in which the disease has been diagnosed.

2.5 If less than one year of age, the animals intended for export were natural

additions to the herd of origin.

2.6 Animals intended for export which were added to the herd of origin, except

natural additions or animals from other tuberculosis herds of negative status or U.S.

Accredited Free herds, have been included in a recertification test.

2.7 During the 60 days prior to export to the United States, the cervids selected for

export and the herd of origin remained free from symptoms of infectious or

contagious disease, and free of any known exposure to such disease.

3. TESTING REQUIREMENTS

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

National Center for Import and Export:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION OF

FARMED CERVIDS FROM CANADA

3 Canada_Cervids

3.1 Tuberculosis - Within 60 days prior to export, each cervid must be tested with

negative results for bovine tuberculosis using the Canadian Mid-Cervical Test

(MCT). Any cervid classified as a responder to the MCT is ineligible for entry.

However, if the status of all responders can be established by comparative testing,

or by post-mortem examination and tissue culture, negative contact animals may be

considered for entry.

3.2 Brucellosis - Within 30 days prior to export, cervids must test negative to a

buffered plate antigen test for Brucella abortus. Should an animal test positive, it is

ineligible for entry. It must be removed from the group and test negative to a

complement fixation test at a dilution of 1:5 in order for the test negative contact

animals to be considered for entry.

4. PORT OF ENTRY INSPECTION

Cervids for U.S. entry must be presented to the port by appointment. The port

veterinarian shall conduct a visual health examination of the cervids and verify

individual identification and the correctness of the health certificate.

end

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ncie/pdf/can_cervids05.pdf

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

NATIONAL CENTER FOR IMPORT AND EXPORT:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION

OF CAMELIDS FROM CANADA

Updated August 16, 2002 (format 6/05) 1 Canada Camelids

1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.1 No import permit is required if the camelids are offered for entry at a land border port and

meet one of the following conditions: (a) were born in the U.S. or Canada and have been in no

other region, or (b) were legally imported into Canada from another region and have been

unconditionally released and eligible to move freely within Canada for at least 60 days after such

release.

In any other cases, the importer must obtain an import permit from:

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS),

Veterinary Services (VS),

National Center for Import-Export (NCIE),

4700 River Road, Unit 39,

Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1231

301-734-8364

301-734-4704(fax)

1.2 An official health certificate is required. The official health certificate must be issued by a

veterinarian designated by Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), and must be endorsed by a

veterinarian employed by CFIA attesting to the certifications and tests required in this protocol.

1.3 All camelids must be permanently and individually identified. If a microchip transponder is

used, an electronic reader that is capable of reading the microchip must accompany the animal(s) to

the United States port of entry.

1.3.1. Unless at the foot of their dam, all animals to be imported from Canada must be at least

six (6) months of age and fully weaned at least one (1) month prior to shipping.

1.3.2. Animals less than six (6) months of age and traveling at the foot of their dam must be

identified on the health certificate and have their health status certified but do not

require testing for tuberculosis or brucellosis.

2. CERTIFICATION STATEMENTS

2.1. Animal Residency: The Camelids being imported into the United States have resided in Canada

or the United States from birth or, if imported from a country other than the United States, have

been part of Canada's national herd for a minimum period of time. Paragraphs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2

describe how USDA, APHIS, defines "part of the national herd" and for what length of time the

animals must be part of the national herd.

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

NATIONAL CENTER FOR IMPORT AND EXPORT:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION

OF CAMELIDS FROM CANADA

Updated August 16, 2002 (format 6/05) 2 Canada Camelids

2.1.1. If the camelids for export were imported from countries recognized by USDA as

free of FMD and rinderpest, then these animals must have been free of any import

quarantine or health related restrictions imposed by CFIA and able to move freely

within Canada's national herd for a minimum of 60 days prior to export to the United

States.

2.1.2 If the camelids are offspring of animals imported from a country not recognized

by USDA as free of FMD and rinderpest, then the camelids for export must have been

free of any import quarantine restrictions and able to move freely within Canada's

national herd for a minimum of ninety (90) days prior to export.

2.2. The animals have been resident of the herd of origin in Canada for a minimum period of sixty

(60) days prior to export and do not originate from premises containing ruminant or swine

species that are not part of a herd recognized by CFIA to be tuberculosis accredited free.

2.3 Herds of Origin: Neither Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.

tuberculosis) nor Brucella abortus (B. abortus) has been diagnosed clinically, by diagnostic

test, or by post mortem examination in a llama or alpaca on the premises of origin within the

three (3) years preceding the issuance of the export health certificate nor in the herd of origin at

any time.

2.4 During the 60-days prior to export, the camelids to be exported have had no direct or indirect

contact with any animals that are not of equivalent health status as the animals being exported

to the United States.

2.5 Upon inspection immediately prior to departure for export to the United States, the camelids

showed no clinical signs of communicable disease.

3. TESTING REQUIREMENTS

3.1 Tuberculosis – within 60 days of export each camelid intended for export must be tested with an

intradermal tuberculin tests for M. bovis. with negative results.

3.2 Testing for M. bovis in Canada must be conducted by an veterinarian specifically approved by

CFIA for the testing of Camelidae, or by a Provincial or Federal veterinarian trained in the testing of

Camelidae for M. bovis.

3.3 Methodology: The tuberculosis test is the intradermal tuberculin test with a dose rate of (5000

I.U.) of bovine PPD tuberculin injected at a post-axillary site which has been previously clipped, the

injection site identified with a permanent ink marker, and the thickness of the skin recorded with

caliper. The skin thickness will be measured seventy-two (72) hours post injection and any increase

in thickness more than 1.0 mm is to be interpreted as a response.

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services,

NATIONAL CENTER FOR IMPORT AND EXPORT:

PROTOCOL FOR THE IMPORTATION

OF CAMELIDS FROM CANADA

Updated August 16, 2002 (format 6/05) 3 Canada Camelids

3.4 Animals responding positively to the Intradermal Tuberculin Test: Animals responding

positively to the Intradermal Tuberculin Test are to be subjected to a comparative tuberculin test

using biologically balanced M. bovis and M. avium tuberculin on the opposite post-axillary site

within ten (10) days of, or after ninety (90) days following, the date of the original tuberculin

injection.

3.4.1. Any animal in which the response to M. bovis tuberculin is equal to or greater

than the response to M. avium tuberculin is to be considered a positive reactor for M.

bovis. Animals which are positive for M. bovis on the comparative tuberculin test are to

be destroyed and necropsied with appropriate samples submitted for culture of the

organism.

3.4.2. The balance of the herd remains ineligible for import until negative laboratory

results are received. Should M. bovis be isolated from the affected animal, all animals

in the group remain ineligible for import into the United States .

3.4.3. If all animals give negative results to the comparative test, the balance of the

shipment is eligible to enter the United States. Responders to any test for M. bovis

remain ineligible for import.

3.5 Brucellosis – Within 30 days of export each camelid intended for export must be subjected to a

standard test for brucellosis, as prescribed for international trade by the Office International

Des Epizooties (OIE), with negative results. An animal that is positive to any brucellosis test is

ineligible for import into the United States. The balance of the group will not be allowed entry

into the United States until all reactors have been removed from the group and the remaining

animals tested negative using a C-ELISA confirmatory test.

4. DEATHS DURING PRE-EXPORT

4.1. Any animal over the age of six (6) months that dies within 30 days of export to the United

States must be subjected to a post-mortem examination.

4.1.1 In cases where the cause of death is not conclusively confirmed, all head, thoracic and

abdominal lymph nodes and any suspected lesions found on other organs/tissues are to be

examined and samples submitted for the histological examination and culture for Mycobacteria

spp. with the results being forwarded to a Canadian Federal Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory.

5. TRANSPORTATION TO THE UNITED STATES

5.1. Animals being exported to the United States shall be transported in cleaned and disinfected

trucks directly from the premises of origin to the USDA port of entry. All camelids intended

for importation from Canada shall be accompanied by a Canadian veterinary health certificate.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ncie/pdf/can_camelids05.pdf

TSS




Follow Ups:



Post a Followup

Name:
E-mail: (optional)
Subject:

Comments:

Optional Link URL:
Link Title:
Optional Image URL: