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From: TSS ()
Subject: REPORT ON THE MONITORING AND TESTING OF RUMINANTS
Date: July 13, 2005 at 9:46 am PST

REPORT ON THE MONITORING AND TESTING OF RUMINANTS

FOR THE PRESENCE OF TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM

ENCEPHALOPATHY (TSE) IN THE EU IN 2004

snip...

1

1. SUMMARY

In 2004, a total of 11.049.822 bovine, 328.413 ovine and 36.115 caprine animals were tested in the

EU in the framework of the TSE monitoring programme. 865 bovine, 2.332 ovine and 398 caprine

animals turned out positive.

1.478.650 risk bovine animals and 9.551.469 healthy animals slaughtered for human consumption

were tested by rapid tests. 3.207 bovine animals were tested in the framework of passive

surveillance (animals reported as BSE suspects by the farmer or the veterinary practitioner and

subject to laboratory examination). In addition, 16.496 animals were tested in the framework of

culling of animals with an epidemiological connection to a BSE case. 80 % of positive cases were

detected by the active monitoring (testing of risk animals, healthy slaughtered and culled cattle) and

20 % were detected by passive surveillance. BSE cases were found in all Member States except

Austria, Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Finland and

Sweden. The number of BSE cases and the overall prevalence in tested animals decreased by

respectively 37 % and 38 % in 2004 compared to 2003. The decrease was similar in both risk and

healthy animals. These reductions and the increasing age of positive cases indicate that measures

taken in the past are having some effect.

325.730 ovine animals were tested by active monitoring, while 2.683 were animals reported as TSE

suspects and therefore subjected to laboratory examination. In caprine animals, the numbers of

tests in the respective groups were 35.082 (active monitoring) and 1.033 (TSE suspects).

Respectively 3.506 and 57 TSE cases in sheep and goats confirmed between 1998 and 2004 were

subjected to discriminatory testing. By such testing BSE was confirmed in January 2005 in 1 goat

slaughtered in France in 2002. The information on the genotypes of TSE positive, random sampled

is a major tool to decide how to progress in TSE eradication programs in these animals.

In addition to the Member States, Bulgaria and Norway forwarded information on the TSE testing

of bovine, ovine and caprine animals.

Further information: Health and Consumer Protection Directorate-General, Unit D2;

fax: +32-2-296.90.62; e-mail: joaquim.ordeig-vila@cec.eu.int (cattle) or kris.de-smet@cec.eu.int

(small ruminants)

FULL TEXT;

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/food/biosafety/bse/annual_report_tse2004_en.pdf

TSS




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