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From: TSS ()
Subject: EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Swaziland, Namibia and Batswana June 15, 2005
Date: June 18, 2005 at 11:04 am PST

EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Swaziland
Last updated: 15 June 2005
Adopted February 2005. (Question n° EFSA-Q-2003-083)

Report
Summary
Summary of the Scientific Report

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission (EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in Swaziland, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in Swaziland. This Scientific Report addresses the GBR of Swaziland as assessed in 2004 based on data covering the period 1980 - 2003.

Cattle imported from the Republic of South Africa which could have been rendered, represent a moderate external challenge the second half of the nineties and a low external challenge between 2001 and 2003. MBM did not enter the domestic BSE / cattle system and did not contribute to an external challenge. As the cattle system was neutrally stable in the entire period of 1980 to 2003, it is unlikely but can not be excluded that the external challenge by cattle imported in the second half of the nineties led to an internal challenge since the end of the nineties.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of Swaziland is II, i.e. it is unlikely but can not be excluded that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as the system remains neutrally stable, it is expected that the GBR stays like it is.


Publication date: 15 June 2005

http://www.efsa.eu.int/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/965_en.html


EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Namibia
Last updated: 15 June 2005
Adopted February 2005. (Question n° EFSA-Q-2003-083)

Report
Summary
Summary of the Scientific Report

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission (EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in Namibia, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in Namibia. This Scientific Report addresses the GBR of Namibia as assessed in 2004 based on data covering the period 1980 - 2003.

Cattle imported from the Republic of South Africa which could have been rendered, represent a low external challenge the second half of the nineties. MBM did not enter the domestic BSE / cattle system and did not contribute to an external challenge. As the cattle system was very unstable between 1980 and 2001 and unstable in 2002 - 2003, it is unlikely but can not be excluded that the external challenge by cattle imported in the second half of the nineties led to
an internal challenge since the end of the nineties.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of Namibia is II, i.e. it is unlikely but can not be excluded that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. Until the stability is increased, it is expected that the GBR continues to grow, even if no additional external challenge occurs.


Publication date: 15 June 2005


http://www.efsa.eu.int/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/963_en.html

EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Botswana
Last updated: 15 June 2005
Adopted February 2005. (Question n° EFSA-Q-2003-083)

Report
Summary
Summary of the Scientific Report

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission (EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in Botswana, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in Botswana. This Scientific Report addresses the GBR of Botswana as assessed in 2004 based on data covering the period 1980 - 2003.

Cattle imported from the Republic of South Africa (RSA) which could have been rendered, represented a very low external challenge in the nineties and MBM imports from RSA led to a very low external challenge in first half of the nineties, to a moderate external challenge in 1996 - 2001 and to a very low external challenge in 2001 - 2003. Summarizing the external challenge the cattle system of Botswana was exposed to a negligible external challenge between 1980 and 1990, to a low external challenge in 1991 - 1995, to a moderate external challenge in 1996 – 2000 and to a very low external challenge in 2001 – 2003. As the cattle system was neutrally stable between 1980 and 1998, stable between 1999 and 2002 and very stable in 2003, it is unlikely but can not be excluded that the external challenge led to an internal challenge since mid of the nineties.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of BOTSWANA is II, i.e. it is unlikely but can not be excluded that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as the system remains very stable, it is expected that the GBR decreases over time.


Publication date: 15 June 2005


http://www.efsa.eu.int/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/961_en.html



EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of the United States of America (USA)
Publication date: 20 August 2004
Adopted July 2004 (Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-083)

Report

Summary
Summary of the Scientific Report

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission (EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in the United States of America, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in USA. This scientific report addresses the GBR of USA as assessed in 2004 based on data covering the period 1980-2003.

The BSE agent was probably imported into USA and could have reached domestic cattle in the middle of the eighties. These cattle imported in the mid eighties could have been rendered in the late eighties and therefore led to an internal challenge in the early nineties. It is possible that imported meat and bone meal (MBM) into the USA reached domestic cattle and leads to an internal challenge in the early nineties.

A processing risk developed in the late 80s/early 90s when cattle imports from BSE risk countries were slaughtered or died and were processed (partly) into feed, together with some imports of MBM. This risk continued to exist, and grew significantly in the mid 90’s when domestic cattle, infected by imported MBM, reached processing. Given the low stability of the system, the risk increased over the years with continued imports of cattle and MBM from BSE risk countries.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of USA is III, i.e. it is likely but not confirmed that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as there are no significant changes in rendering or feeding, the stability remains extremely/very unstable. Thus, the probability of cattle to be (pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE-agent persistently increases.


http://www.efsa.eu.int/science/efsa_scientific_reports/gbr_assessments/573_en.html



From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. [flounder@wt.net]
Sent: Tuesday, July 29, 2003 1:03 PM
To: fdadockets@oc.fda.gov
Cc: ggraber@cvm.fda.gov; Linda.Grassie@fda.gov; BSE-L
Subject: Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION
TO DOCKET 2003N-0312]

Greetings FDA,

snip...

PLUS, if the USA continues to flagrantly ignore the _documented_ science to date about the known TSEs in the USA (let alone the undocumented TSEs in cattle), it is my opinion, every other Country that is dealing with BSE/TSE should boycott the USA and demand that the SSC reclassify the USA BSE GBR II risk assessment to BSE/TSE GBR III 'IMMEDIATELY'. for the SSC to _flounder_ any longer on this issue, should also be regarded with great suspicion as well. NOT to leave out the OIE and it's terribly flawed system of disease surveillance. the OIE should make a move on CWD in the USA, and make a risk assessment on this as a threat to human health. the OIE should also change the mathematical formula for testing of disease. this (in my opinion and others) is terribly flawed as well. to think that a sample survey of 400 or so cattle in a population of 100 million, to think this will find anything, especially after seeing how many TSE tests it took Italy and other Countries to find 1 case of BSE (1 million rapid TSE test in less than 2 years, to find 102 BSE cases), should be proof enough to make drastic changes of this system. the OIE criteria for BSE Country classification and it's interpretation is very problematic. a text that is suppose to give guidelines, but is not understandable, cannot be considered satisfactory. the OIE told me 2 years ago that they were concerned with CWD, but said any changes might take years. well, two years have come and gone, and no change in relations with CWD as a human health risk. if we wait for politics and science to finally make this connection, we very well may die before any decisions
or changes are made. this is not acceptable. we must take the politics and the industry out of any final decisions of the Scientific community. this has been the problem from day one with this environmental man made death sentence. some of you may think i am exaggerating, but you only have to see it once, you only have to watch a loved one die from this one time, and you will never forget, OR forgive...yes, i am still very angry... but the transmission studies DO NOT lie, only the politicians and the industry do... and they are still lying to this day...TSS


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/03n0312/03N-0312_emc-000001.txt

Terry S. Singeltary Sr. P.O. BOX 42 Bacliff, TEXAS USA



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