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From: TSS ()
Subject: Extension of Effective Date for BSE FSIS Notices to June 1, 2006
Date: June 6, 2005 at 10:14 am PST

Extension of Effective Date for BSE FSIS Notices
FSIS is extending the expiration date for the following FSIS Notices until June 1, 2006:

FSIS Notice 28-04, FSIS Sample Collection from Cattle Condemned during Ante-Mortem Inspection for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
WASHINGTON, DC FSIS NOTICE 28-04
5/20/04

FSIS SAMPLE COLLECTION FROM CATTLE CONDEMNED DURING ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION FOR THE BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPHATHY (BSE) SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM

NOTE: FSIS PERSONNEL ARE NOT TO IMPLEMENT THE SAMPLE COLLECTION PROCEDURES IN THIS NOTICE UNTIL JUNE 1, 2004

PURPOSE

This notice contains updated information from FSIS Notice 18-03, dated 5/27/03. That notice expires on 6/1/04. In light of recent events, FSIS will be collecting brain samples from cattle at federally-inspected establishments for the purpose of BSE testing. Therefore, FSIS is issuing new sample collection, documentation, and shipping procedures to inspection program personnel, particularly Public Health Veterinarians (PHVs). Specifically trained FSIS PHVs will collect the brain samples. The samples will be shipped to the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa, or another APHIS-designated laboratory.

BACKGROUND

BSE is a reportable disease in the United States. In cooperation with FSIS, APHIS leads an ongoing, comprehensive, interagency surveillance program for BSE. Using the Federal Meat Inspection Act, 21 U.S.C. 603, part of the FSIS ante-mortem examination and inspection procedure will include the collection of a brain sample from cattle. For the first time, FSIS PHVs will collect brain samples from cattle that are condemned during ante-mortem inspection at federally-inspected establishments. The APHIS Area Veterinary Inspector-in-Charge (AVIC) will focus upon sample collection activities by APHIS at locations other than federally-inspected establishments (e.g., rendering operations and on-farm). FSIS PHVs will take samples from all cattle showing signs of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, as well as the types of cattle that may be at higher risk for being infected with the agent believed to cause BSE, based, in part, on European data. These cattle, while at federally-inspected establishments, are under the control of FSIS and will have the brain sample collected either by the trained FSIS PHV or an available APHIS technician with direct supervision and oversight by the FSIS PHV.

Under FSIS Notice 18-03 FSIS contacted APHIS whenever specific cattle were presented for ante-mortem inspection (e.g., cattle exhibiting CNS symptoms). The notice also stated that an APHIS veterinarian will be responsible for collecting the brain sample. When FSIS Notice 18-03 expires on June 1, 2004, APHIS will no longer collect the brain samples.

As instructed in this notice, FSIS personnel will collect brain samples from ante-mortem condemned cattle, and especially from any cattle exhibiting CNS symptoms, and will submit the samples to APHIS for analysis. APHIS will no longer collect brain samples at FSIS-inspected establishments.

Should the FSIS PHV have an awareness meeting with the establishment regarding the BSE testing process?

Yes, before June 1, 2004, the FSIS PHV needs to meet with the establishment to explain the procedure for the collection of brain samples for BSE testing. At this meeting, the FSIS PHV and management should discuss:

the FSIS procedures set forth in this notice.

how the establishment will ensure that ante-mortem condemned cattle will be segregated from other cattle,

whether the establishment will remove the head under the direct supervision of the FSIS PHV, or whether the FSIS PHV will have to remove the head,

whether the establishment has existing arrangements with APHIS under which the establishment delivers the carcass to deadstock facilities, renderers, or other animal disposition facilities so that APHIS can collect brain samples. If so, the FSIS PHV is to notify his or her District Office (DO).

how the establishment will hold the ante-mortem condemned animal (head and carcass) until removal from the premise,

how the establishment will dispose of the condemned carcass (i.e., picked up by renderer, sent to a landfill) and that the establishment is to maintain records, as required in 9 CFR 320.1, regarding the disposition of the condemned carcasses, and

that the establishment may obtain additional information about the sampling program from http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse/bse.html.

In a memorandum of interview, the FSIS PHV is to document who was present at the awareness meeting, the date and time of the meeting, what was discussed and decided regarding the issues above, and any documents that were shared with management.

The FSIS PHV is to maintain a copy of the memorandum of interview in the official government file, provide a copy to the plant management, and electronically mail a copy to the APHIS AVIC.

Who, in FSIS, will collect the brain tissue sample?

Trained FSIS PHVs will collect the sample from ante-mortem condemned cattle. FSIS, along with APHIS, will sponsor a special sample collection training session prior to June 1, 2004. Most establishments with a history of having ante-mortem condemned cattle will soon have a trained FSIS PHV on-site. Other establishments, such as those in remote locations, may have a trained FSIS PHV come to the establishment to collect samples. Still, other establishments may have an APHIS technician on-site to collect samples. However, the APHIS technician will, for purposes of brain sample collection, collect the sample with direct supervision by the FSIS PHV.

What cattle will be sampled by FSIS for BSE surveillance purposes?

All ante-mortem condemned cattle at federally-inspected establishments will have a portion of the brain collected by the specially trained FSIS PHV, except for 1) cattle that are 400 pounds or less (which may be referred to as “veal calves”) with characteristics of immature cattle, condemned by the FSIS PHV but that do not exhibit CNS signs, and 2) cattle condemned on ante-mortem inspection that the establishment elects to have treated pursuant to 9 CFR 309.13(b).

The FSIS PHV or the APHIS technician under the supervisory authority of the FSIS PHV, will collect the brain sample from cattle condemned by the FSIS PHV during ante-mortem inspection at the federally-inspected establishment. Cattle off-loaded from the transport vehicle onto the premises of the federally-inspected establishment, whether dead or alive, will be sampled by the FSIS PHV for BSE after the cattle have been condemned during ante-mortem inspection. In addition, cattle passing ante-mortem inspection but later found dead prior to slaughter will be condemned and be sampled by the FSIS PHV. The FSIS PHV is to make all final disposition decisions regarding whether cattle should be condemned in accordance with 9 CFR part 309.

What information will the FSIS PHV maintain regarding the identity of condemned cattle?

The FSIS PHV will ensure the collection and documentation of all animal identification associated with cattle condemned during ante-mortem inspection that are to be sampled by FSIS. The FSIS PHV is to attach the “U. S. Condemned” tag cattle condemned during ante-mortem inspection in accordance with 9 CFR 309.13. The FSIS PHV is to also ensure that available records associated with the documentation of the ownership of the cattle are maintained along with a file on each BSE-sampled animal. This documentation will facilitate trace back in the event that the sample result is positive for BSE. The documentation should include records in accordance with 9 CFR 320.1. NOTE: The slaughter establishment should not be considered the owner of the animal as a default. Once the brain sample has been collected from the head and all animal identification has been recorded and removed, the head and remainder of the animal are to be disposed of in accordance with 9 CFR 314. The establishment is to ensure that insanitary conditions do not result from inappropriate holding of the head and carcass while the condemned material is awaiting pick-up by a renderer or by other means of transport or disposal.

What is the process for ensuring that the condemned cattle (e.g., the carcass and head minus the brain sample) are removed from the establishment?

The FSIS PHV should ensure that insanitary conditions are not created by the presence of the condemned cattle (9 CFR part 416). The establishment is responsible for the disposal of the condemned cattle in accordance with 9 CFR part 314. In cases in which the establishment cannot obtain transport services for removal of the condemned cattle in a timely manner, the establishment should contact the APHIS AVIC. Also, the establishment is to maintain records regarding the disposition of the condemned cattle in accordance with 9 CFR 320.1.

How will the cattle be handled in order for the FSIS PHV to collect the brain tissue sample?

If condemned cattle are alive, the establishment is required to humanely euthanize the cattle, in accordance with 9 CFR 309.13. The head should be removed as quickly as possible in order to collect the brain sample. If the establishment does not make arrangements to remove the head, the FSIS PHV should notify the Front-line Supervisor that the brain sample collection will need to be taken as a priority over other ante-mortem or post-mortem procedures.

The brain sample should be collected either in the inedible area of the establishment or other area set aside for such collection in which edible product cannot become adulterated due to the creation of an insanitary condition. The establishment, APHIS technician, and FSIS personnel are to take proper sanitary measures before returning to edible areas of the establishment after brain sample collection, in accordance with 9 CFR 416.5.

Will the FSIS PHV receive special sample boxes and instructions for shipping the sample?

Establishments with a history of high ante-mortem condemnation rates for slaughter will be identified by FSIS and the FSIS PHV at these establishments will receive multiple special sample boxes and shipping instructions from APHIS. Establishments without a history of high ante-mortem condemnation rates for slaughter will be identified by FSIS and the FSIS PHV at these establishments ultimately will receive sample boxes and shipping instructions from APHIS. The brain samples will be shipped to the APHIS NVSL or other designated laboratory, but not to an FSIS laboratory. (See Attachment 1).

After June 1, 2004, if cattle are condemned at ante-mortem inspection and the trained FSIS PHV does not have a special sample box and shipping instructions, the brain sample is to be collected by the FSIS PHV and put into a plastic bag and securely stored in a cooler (not a freezer). The sample is not to pass through or to be stored in areas of the establishment where edible product is produced. This may mean that the sample has to be stored under refrigeration outside of the official establishment. If there is no trained FSIS PHV or APHIS technician immediately available to collect the brain sample, the FSIS PHV should have the establishment save the head, brain intact, and place the head in a cooler (not a freezer) to reduce post-mortem autolysis of the brain. The head should be placed into a plastic bag and securely stored as explained above.

What is included in the special sample box and shipping instructions?

The special sample box from APHIS will include a sample collection kit (e.g., equipment to obtain the brain sample, a tube for placing the packaged sample within the shipping container, and identifying labels to affix to the sample). The FSIS PHV is to enter the “U.S. Condemned” tag number onto the APHIS-supplied forms. FSIS should record any APHIS identifying bar code labels onto the FSIS condemnation certificate. The shipping container will be picked up by FedEx, using the APHIS contract for overnight shipping. If there is a problem with the FedEx pickup of BSE samples, the FSIS PHV should contact the DO. The DO will contact the APHIS contact person responsible for the APHIS FedEx contract. NOTE: In situations where the last FedEx pick-up for the day has been missed or the sample is collected on a day when FedEx does not pick up, store the samples as discussed in paragraph IX. B. until the next available FedEx pick up day.

What information will the FSIS PHV identify on the condemnation report and the APHIS sample request form?

The FSIS PHV will continue to complete the condemnation form, FSIS Form 6000-13, (Certification of Ante-mortem or Post-mortem Disposition of Tagged Animals) and FSIS Form 6150-1 (Identification Tag – Ante-mortem). The FSIS PHV should pay special attention when providing a full description of the reason for the condemnation on FSIS Form 6000-13 and fully fill out FSIS Form 6150-1 (i.e., identification, breed, sex, reason for tag, and clinical signs). In addition, the FSIS PHV is to include similar information on the APHIS sample request form, including the estimated age of the cattle (see http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Frame/FrameRedirect.asp?main=/ofo/tsc/index.htm.)
The FSIS PHV should give special consideration to any age documentation that accompanies cattle to the federally-inspected establishment, in lieu of a dentition determination.

How will sample results be reported?

APHIS NVSL will report the sample result to the establishment. FSIS is working with APHIS on a process to also include the FSIS PHV in the reporting of the sample result.

Will the FSIS PHV collect samples from healthy-appearing cattle that are not condemned?

The details regarding the testing of healthy appearing cattle 30 months of age and older by FSIS or APHIS is still under discussion. This group of cattle is much less likely to demonstrate BSE infectivity than those that show CNS symptoms or that have died on-farm or otherwise, or that are ante-mortem condemned. Thus, the details for the portion of the BSE surveillance program involving healthy-appearing cattle will issue in a separate FSIS notice at a later date.

What form will the FSIS PHV complete to record each sample taken?

The FSIS PHV will complete FSIS Form 5000-9, BSE Sampling Tracking Sheet located in MS Outlook, Public Folders, All Public Folders, Agency Issuances, Forms, FSIS 5000 series to report every sample collected. To facilitate APHIS reimbursement for the sample, the FSIS PHV will send a hard copy of the Form to the Financial Processing Center, Financial Management Division.

Refer questions to the Technical Assistance and Correlation Division, Technical Service Center at (402) 221-7400.

Philip S. Derfler /s/

Deputy Administrator
Office of Policy, Program, and Employee Development

DISTRIBUTION: Inspection Offices; T/A Inspectors; Plant Mgt; T/A Plant Mgt; TRA; ABB; TSC, Import Offices NOTICE EXPIRES: 6-01-05 OPI: OPPED


Attachment 1

Designated Laboratories for BSE Sample Submission State where sample was collected
Designated laboratory

Arizona, California, Nevada
California Animal Health and Food Safety Lab System

University of California – Davis, CA

Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming
Colorado State University Veterinary Diagnostic Lab

Ft. Collins, CO

Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas
Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory

College Station, TX

Minnesota (or NVSL), Wisconsin
Wisconsin Animal Health Laboratory

Madison, WI

Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
Washington State University Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab

Pullman, WA

Alabama, Florida , Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Athens Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine

University of Georgia; Athens, GA

Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania (all Pennsylvania), Rhode Island, Vermont
NY State College of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Cornell University

Ithaca, NY

Alaska, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota (or WI), Ohio, Puerto Rico, West Virginia
USDA, APHIS, National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL)

Ames, IA


FSIS Notice 29-04, Questions and Answers for FSIS Notice 28-04 Regarding Ante-Mortem Condemned Cattle



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
WASHINGTON, DC FSIS NOTICE 29-04
5-27-04

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR FSIS NOTICE 28-04 REGARDING ANTE-MORTEM CONDEMNED CATTLE


PURPOSE

This notice provides clarification to FSIS Notice 28-04, FSIS Sample Collection From Cattle Condemned During Ante-Mortem Inspection for the Bovine Spongiform Encepholophathy (BSE) Surveillance Program. The following issues are addressed:

Expectations regarding the Animal and Plant Health Inspection (APHIS) arrangements, through the APHIS Area Veterinarian-in-Charge (AVIC), with establishments for APHIS to test condemned cattle at a central location,

Additional questions FSIS Public Health Veterinarian (PHV) should seek answers to either at the awareness meeting or at the on-going weekly meetings,

Why FSIS Notice 28-04 stated FSIS would not collect brain samples from cattle condemned on ante-mortem inspection that the establishment elects to have treated pursuant to 9 CFR 309.13(b),

A corrected form number for reimbursement associated with FSIS sample collections, and

Miscellaneous questions.

Also, this notice issues a revised list of the laboratories where PHVs are to send samples.

QUESTION AND ANWSERS FOR EACH ISSUE

Issue 1. Expectations regarding the APHIS arrangements with establishments to test condemned cattle at a central location

Question: What controls does FSIS expect the establishment to have in place in order for FSIS to recognize an APHIS arrangement to have FSIS condemned cattle transported off-site from the establishment to an APHIS central sample collection point?

Response: FSIS will recognize such arrangements if establishments provide procedures for ensuring that the PHV will be notified that the condemned cattle are delivered to the APHIS central sample collection point for brain sample collection. The notification by the establishment provides information that is required under the recordkeeping requirements in 9 CFR 320.1. NOTE: Condemned cattle will continue to be denatured in the presence of an inspector at the establishment, and the U.S. Condemnation tag will be removed by the FSIS PHV. The FSIS PHV will not be able to close out the files on these condemned cattle, however, until notified by the establishment that these condemned cattle were delivered to the APHIS central sample collection point.

In order for the FSIS PHV to recognize the arrangement answers to the following issues should be provided:

The process for denaturing the cattle in a manner that would not affect the collection of a brain sample,

How the FSIS condemnation tag numbers (the tag are removed only by FSIS) will remain associated with the condemned cattle (this does not mean physically attached),

Who will remove the cattle from the establishment and transport it to the APHIS central sample collection point. (The transporter of the condemned cattle is to be registered with FSIS in accordance with 320.5),

The location of the APHIS central sample collection point, including the address and a contact at the location,

How the APHIS sample collection representative is made aware that FSIS condemned cattle are being delivered to the APHIS central sample collection point, and

How the establishment will provide notification to the FSIS PHV that the condemned cattle were delivered to the APHIS central sample collection point.

Question 2: What will happen if an establishment that chooses to send condemned cattle to an APHIS central sample collection point fails to have or maintain appropriate procedures and documentation that demonstrates that the cattle were delivered and arrived at the APHIS central collection point?

Response: The failure of the establishment to ensure that condemned and denatured cattle are appropriately controlled, tracked, and delivered to the central collection point will result in the Agency no longer allowing condemned cattle to be removed from the premises for sampling and may be treated as a prohibited act, in violation of the Federal Meat Inspection Act, 21 U.S.C. 610, and the regulations that FSIS has adopted under 21 U.S.C. 603(a) and 9 CFR 314.9.

Issue 2. Questions that the (PHV) should ask the establishment management at the awareness meeting or at the on-going weekly meeting.

Answers to the following questions are necessary to better understand the establishment’s identification and control procedures for dead cattle, non-ambulatory disabled cattle, and condemned ambulatory cattle:

For dead cattle

Does the establishment have arrangements with APHIS for off-site sample collection? (If yes see II. A. of this notice).

Will dead cattle be off-loaded at the official premises, or will they be transported to an APHIS central sample collection point?

If dead cattle are off-loaded in an establishment’s holding pens, how will the cattle be segregated to provide for sample collection?

Has an appropriate area been designated for collecting the brain sample from condemned dead cattle?

Who will be removing the head of condemned cattle?

Has a procedure been established for containing the condemned cattle (and parts, including blood) during sample collection in order to prevent an insanitary condition?

Has a procedure been established to properly clean and sanitize the sampling area? [NOTE: Special cleaning and sanitization of pens and holding areas is not required; normal cleaning is sufficient.]

Will the sampled cattle (carcass and head) be held pending receipt of laboratory results, or, alternatively, how will the sampled cattle be disposed of?
[NOTE: There is no requirement by FSIS to hold the sampled cattle after the brain sample has been collected. However, the establishment should contact the APHIS AVIC if there is a problem with the timely pick-up or removal of sampled cattle.]

For non-ambulatory disabled (live) cattle

Where will cattle be euthanized (e.g., in the establishment’s holding pens or on the transport vehicle)? [NOTE: Condemned cattle must be euthanized at the establishment, under the supervision of FSIS, in order to ensure that the cattle are humanely handled. Condemned cattle cannot be removed from the establishment and euthanized at an APHIS central sample collection point. The establishment should ensure that the method of euthanization does not impact the quality of the brain sample
(e.g., special low velocity 22 ammunition into the forehead of the condemned cattle would kill the animal, but would NOT damage the part of the brain for BSE sampling; a bigger shot would have the capacity to destroy more of the brain, possibly the brainstem, and would impact the quality of the brain sample).]

Are all provisions for handling dead cattle being followed?

For condemned ambulatory (live) cattle

Are all provisions for handling non-ambulatory disabled (live) cattle being followed?

Issue 3. Why FSIS Notice 28-04 stated that FSIS would not collect brain samples from cattle condemned on ante-mortem inspection that the establishment elects to have treated pursuant to 9 CFR 309.13(b).


Question: In the May 20, 2004 memorandum from the APHIS and FSIS Administrators regarding the BSE sampling of condemned cattle, there was no mention of an exemption from sampling for cattle being treated pursuant to 9 CFR 309.13(b). However, FSIS Notice 28-04, also dated May 20, 2004, does include the exemption (see Section V. A.). Which policy statement is applicable to FSIS?

Response: FSIS Notice 28-04 contains the procedures that FSIS inspection program personnel should follow. Although the memorandum from the Administrators did not specifically address this exemption, the exemption was already provided for in FSIS regulations and was not deemed necessary to include in the memorandum. A copy of the memorandum is attached.

D. Issue 4. Corrected form number for reimbursement associated with FSIS sample collections.

Question: What is the correct form number to be completed by FSIS in order to ensure that FSIS gets reimbursed by APHIS for brain sample collection?

Response: The corrected form number is FSIS Form 5000-11 (BSE Sampling Tracking Sheet). FSIS Notice 28-04 incorrectly listed the form number as FSIS Form 5000-9.

E. Issue 5. Miscellaneous questions.

Question 1: Do cattle have to be presented for ante-mortem inspection in order to be subject to sample collection?

Response: All cattle that are off-loaded from transportation vehicles are considered to be presented for inspection and, therefore, are to be test under FSIS
Notice 28-04, where applicable. Dead cattle that are off-loaded to facilitate the off-loading of live animals, but that will be re-loaded onto the transport vehicle, are not subject to sampling by FSIS.

Question 2: Is the PHV responsible for determining whether the sample is of acceptable quality, (i.e., whether autolysis has not occurred), before submitting a sample to the laboratory?

Response: The PHV is not responsible for making these determinations. All samples are to be taken and submitted to the laboratory.

Question 3: Can PHVs get rabies vaccinations?

Response: Yes, however rabies vaccinations are volunatry. Only PHVs who are actually involved with BSE sample collection will be eligible for reimbursement on the vaccination series. PHVs should make arrangements for the vaccinations with their private physician. PHVs should contact their Front-line supervisor for approval on reimbursement prior to beginning the three shot vaccination series.


Philip S. Derfler /s/

Assistant Administrator
Office of Policy, Program, and Employee Development

DISTRIBUTION: Inspection Offices; T/A Inspectors; Plant Mgt; TRA; ABB; TSC; Import Offices

NOTICE EXPIRES: 6-1-05 OPI: OPPED


Attachment

Designated Laboratories for BSE Sample Submission State where sample was collected
Designated laboratory

Arizona, California, Nevada CAHFS-Thurman Bldg.
West Health Science Drive
UC Davis
Davis, CA 95616
Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming Dr. Barbara Powers
CO State University
Vet Diagnostic Laboratory
Ft. Collins CO 80523

Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas Texas A & M
TVMDL
Pathology Department
1 Sippel Road
College Station, TX 77843
Minnesota (or NVSL), Wisconsin Dr. Phil Bochsler
WVDL - TSE Laboratory
6101 Mineral Point Rd.
Madison, WI 53705

Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington Washington State University WADDL
Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory
Bazzler Bustad Hall Room 155-N
Pullman WA 99164-7034

Alabama, Florida , Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia Athens Diagnostic Laboratory
College of Vet Med
Doris Miller
University of Georgia
Athens, GA 30602

Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania (all Pennsylvania), Rhode Island, Vermont Cornell University
Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory
Department of Biomedical Sciences
S2-124 Schurman Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
Alaska, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota (or WI), Ohio, Puerto Rico, West Virginia USDA, APHIS, National Veterinary Services
Laboratory (NVSL)
Ames, IA


While these notices were due to expire June 1, 2005, they will remain in effect until FSIS takes final action on the interim final rule, "Prohibition of the Use of Specified Risk Materials for Human Food and Requirements for the Disposition of Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle." Once final action is taken, FSIS will reissue the relevant information from these notices in a FSIS Directive.


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/news_&_events/Const_Update_060305/index.asp

TSS



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