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From: TSS ()
Date: April 1, 2005 at 2:40 pm PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Groups seek to save NIH brain collection
Date: Fri, 1 Apr 2005 16:29:42 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Groups seek to save NIH brain collection

By Steve Mitchell
Medical Correspondent

Washington, DC, Apr. 1 (UPI) -- Scientists, consumer groups and
patient-advocates have embarked upon efforts -- including petitioning
members of Congress and seeking storage space at a Canadian university
-- to prevent the National Institutes of Health from destroying an
irreplaceable collection of human brains from patients afflicted with a
condition similar to mad cow disease.

As United Press International reported last week, the NIH has begun
shopping for a new home for its collection of brains, spinal fluid and
other tissues from hundreds of patients around the world who died from
Creutzfeldt Jakob disease -- an incurable, fatal, brain-wasting illness.
The collection dates back to 1963 and the consensus among scientists in
this field is it is invaluable for research and could provide insights
that might aid in developing diagnostic tests, treatments or cures for CJD.

NIH officials, however, maintain the remaining samples in the collection
-- stored in some 30 freezers by the National Institute for Neurological
Disorders and Stroke in Bethesda, Md. -- are of little value and may be
disposed of if researchers or institutions do not come forward to claim

Families of patients who died of CJD have reacted with outrage,
concerned that the effort mounted to collect the brains in the first
place has been all for naught. Several have contacted their respective
members of Congress and urged them to step in.

"The brains and brain tissue were sent to NIH in good faith for future
research and destroying them is an outrage," Terry Singeltary, a patient
advocate in Bacliff, Texas, wrote in a letter to Sen. Kay Bailey
Hutchinson, R-Texas, and several other members of the state's
congressional delegation. Singeltary's mother died of a type of CJD
called Heidenhain variant in 1997.

Hutchinson's office did not return a call from UPI.

Eugene Major, who serves as acting director of the NINDS and is
responsible for the fate of the brain collection, did not return a call
from UPI.

"The patients these brains were taken from suffered greatly before they
died of CJD," Heather Larson of Phoenix, whose mother succumbed to CJD
last year at the age of 56, wrote in a letter to Arizona Republican
Sens. John McCain and Jon Kyl, and Republican Rep. John Shadegg. "Their
brains hold answers that can save human lives. Destroying the brains at
Bethesda would greatly hinder the research being done to fight this
disease and would cost many their lives."

The offices of McCain and Kyl did not return UPI's calls.

"The ravages of this disease, and the toll it takes not only on its
victims but on family and loved ones, cannot easily be described to
someone who has not witnessed it personally," Patty Cook of Kansas City,
Kan., wrote in a letter to Kansas Republican Sens. Sam Brownback and Pat
Roberts, and Democratic Rep. Dennis Moore.

"I urge you to do whatever you can to ensure these brains are not
destroyed," added Cook, whose mother died of CJD in 1982.

Brownback's office did not return a call from UPI.

CJD belongs to a group of diseases -- called transmissible spongiform
encephalopathies or TSEs -- that includes mad cow disease, chronic
wasting disease in deer and elk, scrapie in sheep and several types of
CJD in humans. There is no cure for CJD and it typically results in
death within a year after the onset of symptoms.

Consumer groups also are concerned and are considering taking steps to
ensure the brain collection will be preserved.

"This is outrageous," Michael Hansen, a biologist and senior research
associate with Consumers Union in Yonkers, N.Y., told UPI. "Those brains
are a critical resource for CJD science and they must be at a research

Hansen added that his late friend, Joe Gibbs, the former chief of
NINDS's Laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, told him the brain
of famed choreographer George Balanchine, who died of CJD in 1983,
resides in the collection.

"How can we claim to be a scientific country if we're going to be
throwing away an irreplaceable repository of the first evidence of these
diseases?" asked Felicia Nestor, who serves as a consultant to Public

There may be hope yet for the collection, however.

Neil Cashman, an expert on TSEs at the University of Toronto's Center
for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, told UPI he has been
attempting to drum up support for acquiring the collection with his
colleagues at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver -- where
he plans to move this summer.

"I'm trying to organize support for an official letter from UBC to NIH
to request the collection," Cashman said.

The letter will probably go out in about a month, he said.

"The goal would be to make it a resource for the world and make the
tissues available to scientists who had a reasonable request," he added.

Singeltary said he has heard from at least one other prominent scientist
in this field who said they planned to contact the NIH and urge it to
reconsider the fate of the collection.

One brain in the collection, that of a French woman who died in 1971,
may help provide clues about the origins of variant CJD -- a condition
similar to CJD that humans can contract from eating beef products
contaminated with the mad-cow pathogen. The first recognized case of
vCJD occurred in 1995 in the United Kingdom, but an NIH scientist said
he tested the French woman's brain in 2000 and found signs consistent
with vCJD -- not CJD.

French researchers currently are re-examining specimens from the case to
determine if the woman was indeed infected with vCJD. If she was, it
would suggest the disease began infecting people more than 20 years
earlier than previously thought.

Cashman said the case underscores the value of the NIH brain collection.

"There is information locked up in these freezers that will be lost
forever if this collection is destroyed," he said.



Copyright 2005 United Press International


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