From: TSS ()
Subject: Re: Chronic Wasting Disease found in doe; FIRST IN NY
Date: March 31, 2005 at 11:43 am PST
In Reply to: Chronic Wasting Disease found in doe; FIRST IN NY posted by TSS on March 31, 2005 at 11:27 am:
Department of Agriculture & Markets News
Thursday, March 31, 2005
Contact: Jessica A. Chittenden
POSITIVE CASE OF CWD FOUND IN ONEIDA COUNTY DEER
Mandatory Testing Protocols Find CWD in a Captive White-Tailed Doe
The first positive case of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in New York
State has been confirmed in a white-tailed doe from a captive herd in
Oneida County. CWD is a transmissible disease that affects the brain and
central nervous system of deer and elk.
There is no evidence that CWD is linked to disease in humans or domestic
livestock other than deer and elk.
The animal that tested positive for CWD was a six-year old white-tailed
doe that was slaughtered from a captive herd in Oneida County as part of
the States mandatory CWD surveillance and testing protocols.
Preliminary tests performed at the New York State Veterinary Diagnostic
Laboratory at Cornell University determined the presumptive positive,
which was confirmed late yesterday by the National Veterinary Services
Laboratory in Ames, Iowa.
The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets has officially
quarantined the index herd in which the positive deer was found, and
will depopulate and test all deer on the premises. Other herds
associated with the index herd have also been quarantined and an
investigation has been initiated to find and test any susceptible deer
that came into contact with the index herd and to assess the health and
environmental risks associated with such establishments. The Department
of Environmental Conservation (DEC) will conduct intensive monitoring of
the wild deer population surrounding the index herd to ensure CWD has
not spread to wild deer.
CWD is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of deer and elk.
Scientific and epidemiological research into CWD is ongoing. To date,
research shows that the disease is typified by chronic weight loss, is
always fatal, and is transmissible between susceptible species. CWD has
only been found in members of the deer family in North America, which
include white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk and moose.
CWD has been detected in both wild and captive deer and elk populations
in isolated regions of North America. To date, CWD has been found in
Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico,
Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming in the United
States, and in Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada.
Establishing the known CWD health status of captive and wild cervid
populations is a critical component for controlling CWD. In New York,
the responsibility for controlling CWD is shared between the State
Department of Agriculture and Markets, DEC, and the U.S. Department of
Agricultures (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
New Yorks cooperative, active surveillance program serves as a model
for the nation in CWD control.
The State Department of Agriculture and Markets monitors the health and
movement of all captive deer and elk for the presence of common
livestock diseases, including CWD. In July 2004, the Department
initiated the CWD Enhanced Surveillance and Monitoring Program, which
requires captive deer and elk herd owners to take various actions,
including routine sampling and testing, animal identification and an
annual herd inventory. Since the inception of testing for CWD in 2000,
681 captive deer and elk have been tested and found negative for CWD.
DEC issues licenses to individuals who possess, import or sell
white-tailed deer. DEC also routinely tests New Yorks wild deer
population. Following the discovery of CWD in Wisconsin, DEC implemented
a statewide surveillance program in April 2002 to test wild white-tailed
deer for the presence of CWD. Samples are collected and sent to an
approved USDA laboratory for analysis. To date, DEC has taken samples
from 3,457 wild white-tailed deer, including 40 from the county where
the positive deer was found. All samples from wild white-tailed deer
have tested to date have been negative for CWD.
DEC will also implement precautionary regulations limiting
transportation and possession of whole carcasses and some parts of wild
deer taken near the location of the captive herd. These regulations will
be similar to those currently in place for importation of carcasses and
parts of deer into New York.
DEC has also implemented regulations restricting various activities to
help control CWD within the State, including restrictions on the
importation of live deer and elk, deer feeding, importation and
possession of certain deer parts and carcasses, and transportation of
deer and elk carcasses through New York State.
USDA APHIS supports individual State programs by providing funding for
CWD prevention and surveillance. USDA APHIS reimburses states conducting
CWD testing on their wild and captive cervid population and also
provides indemnification dollars for captive herds that must be
destroyed due to the presence of CWD.
New York State has 433 establishments raising 9,600 deer and elk in
captivity. In the wild, DEC estimates there are approximately one
million deer statewide.