##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################
Greetings list members,
> Re: Mad Cow Disease: FDA's Management of the Feed Ban Has Improved,
> but Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Limit Program Effectiveness
that's a hoot isn't it. they have never had a active management plan.
just some words on a piece of paper that were never enforced.
talking about a tail wagging the dog, these reports are becoming
''rubber stamped''. it's a damn shame what a sham our regulatory
services are really in. any other country out there would be mad
themselves to bring TSE tainted materials from North America
into there country ;
GAO says BSE efforts flawed; USDA/FDA respond
2/27/02 - A U.S. General Accounting Office report said there are
weaknesses in import controls, the enforcement of animal feed rules is
not up to par, and inspection records are seriously flawed. "The
continuing absence of [bovine spongiform encephalopathy] in the United
States today cannot be sufficiently ensured by current federal
prevention efforts," the report said. For a copy of the GAO BSE report
see the following web page: GAO Report
The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health and
Human Services responded to the report claiming they have been
aggressive and proactive for well over a decade to prevent BSE from
entering the United States. USDA Secretary Ann. Veneman said that "While
we support the GAO's efforts to examine ways to strengthen the
government's ongoing efforts to prevent BSE, the report fails to
appropriately recognize the conclusions and recommendations made last
year by Harvard University in it's comprehensive, 3-year study on BSE.
The Harvard Risk Analysis showed that the risk of BSE occurring the in
United States is extremely low and that early government protection
systems have been largely responsible for keeping BSE out of the United
States and would prevent it from spreading if it ever did enter the
country. HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson added, "We continue to take strong
actions and keep our vigilance high to prevent this disease from
entering this country. If we ever did face a situation, we want to
ensure that strong systems are in place to prevent its potential spread
to the animal or human food chain."
Read USDA Secretary Veneman's response at
For more information about BSE, federal agency response to the disease,
the Harvard Risk Analysis, and other related programs, visit
AND we all know how tainted the Harvard BSE risk assessment was$
the Harvard BSE study was bought and paid for in part or in full by
the very industry it was investigating, and the PEER REVIEW shows
very well why the Harvard report was so terribly flawwed;
IT'S like a broken record, or a scratched record that just keeps skipping
and repeating itself, over and over again, while humans are becoming
exposed over and over again.
when does it get fixed ???
how many humans must become exposed before something is done???
ah yes, the body bag count is not up far enough just yet, but time will
and it will catch up, and then it's much too late...
Terry S. Singeltary Sr. wrote:
> ##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
> What GAO Found
> United States Government Accountability Office
> Why GAO Did This Study
> Accountability Integrity Reliability
> To view the full product, including the scope
> and methodology, click on the link above.
> For more information, contact Robert A.
> Robinson at (202) 512-3841 or
> Highlights of GAO-05-101, a report to
> congressional requesters
> February 2005
> MAD COW DISEASE
> FDA’s Management of the Feed Ban Has
> Improved, but Oversight Weaknesses
> Continue to Limit Program Effectiveness
> FDA has made needed improvements to its management and oversight of the
> feed-ban rule in response to GAO’s 2002 report, but program weaknesses
> continue to limit the effectiveness of the ban and place U.S. cattle
> at risk of
> spreading BSE. Improvements made include FDA establishing a uniform
> method of conducting compliance inspections and training FDA inspectors,
> as well as state inspectors who carry out inspections under agreements
> FDA, on the new method. FDA also implemented new data-entry procedures
> that are designed to more reliably track feed-ban inspection results.
> Consequently, FDA has a better management tool for overseeing compliance
> with the feed-ban rule and a data system that better conforms to standard
> database management practices. However, various program weaknesses
> continue to undermine the nation’s firewall against BSE. For example:
> • FDA acknowledges that there are more feed manufacturers and
> transporters, on-farm mixers, and other feed industry businesses that are
> subject to the feed ban than the approximately 14,800 firms inspected to
> date; however, it has no uniform approach for identifying additional
> • FDA has not reinspected approximately 2,800, or about 19 percent, of
> those businesses, in 5 or more years; several hundred are potentially
> high risk. FDA does not know whether those businesses now use
> prohibited material in their feed.
> • FDA’s feed-ban inspection guidance does not include instructions to
> routinely sample cattle feed to test for potentially prohibited
> material as
> part of the compliance inspection. Instead, it includes guidance for
> inspectors to visually examine facilities and equipment and review
> invoices and other documents.
> • Feed intended for export is not required to carry a caution label
> “Do not
> feed to cattle or other ruminants,” when the label would be required if
> the feed were sold domestically. Without that statement, feed containing
> prohibited material could be inadvertently or intentionally diverted back
> to U.S. cattle or given to foreign cattle.
> • FDA has not always alerted USDA and states when it learned that cattle
> may have been given feed that contained prohibited material. This lapse
> has been occurring even though FDA’s guidance calls for such
> • Although research suggests that cattle can get BSE from ingesting
> even a
> small amount of infected material, inspectors do not routinely inspect or
> review cleanout procedures for vehicles used to haul cattle feed.
> More than 5 million cattle across
> Europe have been killed to stop the
> spread of bovine spongiform
> encephalopathy (BSE), commonly
> called mad cow disease. Found in
> 26 countries, including Canada and
> the United States, BSE is believed
> to spread through animal feed that
> contains protein from BSE-infected
> animals. Consuming meat from
> infected cattle has also been linked
> to the deaths of about 150 people
> worldwide. In 1997, the Food and
> Drug Administration (FDA) issued
> a feed-ban rule prohibiting certain
> animal protein (prohibited
> material) in feed for cattle and
> other ruminant animals. FDA and
> 38 states inspect firms in the feed
> industry to enforce this critical
> firewall against BSE. In 2002, GAO
> reported a number of weaknesses
> in FDA’s enforcement of the feed
> ban and recommended corrective
> actions. This report looks at FDA’s
> efforts since 2002 to ensure
> industry compliance with the feed
> ban and protect U.S. cattle.
> What GAO Recommends
> GAO recommends FDA, among
> other things, develop procedures
> for finding additional firms subject
> to the feed-ban and using tests to
> augment inspections. FDA said the
> study was thorough but disagreed
> on four of nine recommendations.
> GAO continues to believe that,
> given the discovery of BSE in North
> America and the oversight gaps
> described in the report, the
> recommended actions are needed
> to protect U.S. cattle from BSE.
> 3. Mad Cow Disease: FDA's Management of the Feed Ban Has Improved,
> but Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Limit Program Effectiveness.
> GAO-05-101, Feb. 25.
> Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d05101high.pdf
> Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION]
> Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in
> Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed
> Comment Number: EC -10
> Accepted - Volume 2
> PART 2
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