SEARCH VEGSOURCE:

 

 

Follow Ups | Post Followup | Back to Discussion Board | VegSource
See spam or
inappropriate posts?
Please let us know.
  




From: TSS ()
Subject: HARKIN, DURBIN SHED LIGHT ON SHORTCOMINGS IN U.S. ANTI-BSE EFFORTS MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005
Date: March 15, 2005 at 11:12 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: HARKIN, DURBIN SHED LIGHT ON SHORTCOMINGS IN U.S. ANTI-BSE EFFORTS
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2005 09:37:09 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@KALIV.UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

HARKIN, DURBIN SHED LIGHT ON SHORTCOMINGS IN U.S. ANTI-BSE EFFORTS
Cite GAO report highlighting surveillance, compliance questions under
FDA feed rules
MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005
PHOTO, VIDEO, OR MORE INFO AVAILABLE
(See below )

WASHINGTON, D.C.  A Government Accountability Office (GAO)
investigation into the Food and Drug Administrations (FDA) enforcement
of its ruminant-to-ruminant feed ban found that FDA could not say how
many plants were actually in compliance with feed ban rules and lacked
testing procedures to detect prohibited material in animal feed. The
report, requested by Senators Tom Harkin (D-IA) and Richard Durbin
(D-IL), comes on the heels of increased attention on the effectiveness
of such feed bans, both in Canada and the United States. Feeding protein
material from one ruminant (animals whose stomachs are divided into four
parts, such as cattle and deer) to another is believed to be the major
route by which BSE is transmitted among animals. The FDA
ruminant-to-ruminant feed ban is the linchpin of the U.S. strategy for
preventing the spread of BSE to U.S. cattle herds, Harkin said. Yet
the GAO found substantial shortcomings in enforcing the ban, including
failure to monitor feed plants adequately and to test animal feed for
prohibited ruminant byproducts. Common sense tells us the best way to
measure compliance is to sample feed to make sure it does not contain
ruminant byproducts. Despite what FDA asserts, technology is available
for testing feed to detect ruminant byproducts. FDA should use this
technology. The loopholes that allow BSE risk materials into animal
feed must be closed, Durbin said. The United States food supply is
still the safest in the world, but we must take the steps necessary to
keep it that way. This GAO report is one more link in a long chain of
evidence that the threat of BSE is not being taken seriously enough. In
1997, FDA prohibited ruminant byproducts in ruminant feed and began
requiring firms handling both prohibited ruminant byproducts and
ruminant feed to keep these materials separate. Since enactment,
questions have persisted concerning FDAs enforcement of and industry
compliance with the ban. The GAO report creates even more questions by
shooting holes in FDAs claim of 99% compliance with its regulations.
The report found this claim by FDA misleading because it is based on
inspecting only a fraction of feed plants and does not count actual
violations of the feed rules if the plants involved are later found in
compliance. The GAO also noted that because feed plants are not required
to register with FDA, not all plants that make animal feed and are
subject to FDA inspection have even been identified, or inspected. In
addition to raising questions about the validity of FDAs compliance
reports, the GAO cited a number of other shortcomings in FDAs
enforcement of the ruminant-to-ruminant feed ban. Specifically, the
report noted that FDA fails to set consistent standards for cleaning
machinery and transport vehicles that handle both prohibited and allowed
feed materials and fails to conduct timely inspections in all known
plants. This report makes it crystal clear that much work remains to
get compliance with the ruminant-to-ruminant feed ban to where it needs
to be, the senators said. It is critically important that U.S.
anti-BSE efforts are above and beyond questioning to assure consumers
beef is safe, to protect animal health and to help reassure foreign
markets and encourage them to reopen to U.S. cattle and beef exports. We
hope FDA and the Department of Agriculture take this report seriously
and immediately act to rectify the problems outlined. Harkin is the
ranking Democrat on the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
Committee and Durbin is the Senate Democratic Whip. A copy of the report
is available at www.gao.gov
,
harkin.senate.gov or by request.

# # #


http://harkin.senate.gov/news.cfm?id=233457

GAO-02-183 Mad Cow Disease: Improvements in the Animal Feed Ban and
Other Regulatory Areas ...

... on Importing Animals and Met BSE Testing Goals Earlier Than Many
Countries, but Its Feed Ban Is More Permissive: ...
http://www.gao.gov/htext/d02183.html - 136.6KB - GAO Reports, Text Version


11 Mar 05

http://www.gao.gov/htext/d02183.html

GAO-04-259T Bioterrorism: A Threat to Agriculture and the Food Supply

... 2002). ... Mad Cow Disease: Improvements in the Animal Feed Ban and
Other Regulatory Areas Would Strengthen U.S. Prevention Efforts ... at
food processors; (2) FDA to strengthen enforcement of the feed ban; and
(3) the Department of Homeland Security to correct security ...
http://www.gao.gov/htext/d04259t.html - 41.9KB - GAO Reports, Text Version

http://www.gao.gov/htext/d04259t.html

GAO-05-51 Food Safety: USDA and FDA Need to Better Ensure Prompt and
Complete Recalls of ...

... Methodology: ... Appendix II: Federal Actions Associated with the
Discovery of an Animal in the United States Infected with BSE: ...
States Infected with BSE: ... Beef Recall Was Triggered by a
BSE-Positive Sample from One Cow: ...
http://www.gao.gov/htext/d0551.html - 179.1KB - GAO Reports, Text Version


11 Mar 05


http://www.gao.gov/htext/d0551.html

GAO-02-754 Public Health: Blood Supply Generally Adequate Despite New
Donor Restrictions

... BSE: bovine spongiform encephalopathy: ... transmitting variant
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD), the human form of bovine spongiform
encephalopathy (BSE), or "mad cow" disease, through transfusion. These
"donor deferrals," or exclusions, prevent individuals ...
http://www.gao.gov/htext/d02754.html - 74.6KB - GAO Reports, Text Version

http://www.gao.gov/htext/d02754.html

Docket No, 04-047-l Regulatory Identification No. (RIN) 091O-AF46 NEW
BSE SAFEGUARDS (comment submission)

https://web01.aphis.usda.gov/regpublic.nsf/0/eff9eff1f7c5cf2b87256ecf000df08d?OpenDocument

Docket No. 03-080-1 -- USDA ISSUES PROPOSED RULE TO ALLOW LIVE ANIMAL
IMPORTS FROM CANADA


https://web01.aphis.usda.gov/BSEcom.nsf/0/b78ba677e2b0c12185256dd300649f9d?OpenDocument&AutoFramed


Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION]

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/03n0312/03N-0312_emc-000001.txt

Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in

Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed

Comment Number: EC -10

Accepted - Volume 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be07.html

PART 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be09.html

PDF]Freas, William TSS SUBMISSION

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat -

Page 1. J Freas, William From: Sent: To: Subject: Terry S. Singeltary

Sr. [flounder@wt.net] Monday, January 08,200l 3:03 PM freas ...

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/01/slides/3681s2_09.pdf

Asante/Collinge et al, that BSE transmission to the 129-methionine

genotype can lead to an alternate phenotype that is indistinguishable

from type 2 PrPSc, the commonest _sporadic_ CJD;

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/03/slides/3923s1_OPH.htm

Docket Management Docket: 96N-0417 - Current Good Manufacturing Practice
in Manufacturing, Packing, or Holding Dietary Ingredients a
Comment Number: EC -2
Accepted - Volume 7

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Mar03/031403/96N-0417-EC-2.htm


[PDF] Appendices to PL107-9 Inter-agency Working Group Final Report 1-1
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Agent, Weapons of Mass Destruction Operations Unit Federal Bureau of
those who provided comments in response to Docket No. ...
Meager 8/18/01 Terry S. Singeltary Sr ...


www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/pubs/pubs/PL107-9_Appen.pdf

Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION
TO DOCKET 2003N-0312]

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/03n0312/03N-0312_emc-000001.txt

# Docket No: 02-088-1 RE-Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of
2002; [TSS SUBMISSION ON POTENTIAL FOR BSE/TSE & FMD 'SUITCASE BOMBS'] -
TSS 1/27/03 (0)

Docket Management

Docket: 02N-0276 - Bioterrorism Preparedness; Registration of Food Facilities, Section 305
Comment Number: EC-254 [TSS SUBMISSION]

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0276/02N-0276-EC-254.htm


Dockets Entered On October 2, 2003 Table of Contents, Docket #,
Title, 1978N-0301,

OTC External Analgesic Drug Products, ... EMC 7, Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Vol #: 1, ...

www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/oct03/100203/100203.htm


Daily Dockets Entered on 02/05/03

DOCKETS ENTERED on 2/5/03. ... EMC 4 Terry S. Singeltary Sr. Vol#: 2.
... Vol#: 1.

03N-0009 Federal Preemption of State & Local Medical Device Requireme. ...


www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Feb03/020503/020503.htm


Docket Management

Docket: 02N-0370 - Neurological Devices; Classification of Human Dura Mater

Comment Number: EC -1

Accepted - Volume 1


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be11.html


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004bdfe.html


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004bdfc.html


Daily Dockets - 04/10/03

... 00D-1662 Use of Xenotransplantation Products in Humans.
EMC 98 Terry S. Singeltary Sr. Vol#: 3. 01F ...
www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Apr03/041003/041003.htm - 05-20-2003
- Cached


2003D-0186
Guidance for Industry: Use of Material From Deer and Elk In Animal Feed


EMC 1
Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Vol #:
1

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jun03/060903/060903.htm


2003D-0186
Guidance for Industry: Use of Material From Deer and Elk In Animal Feed


EMC 7
Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Vol #:
1

2003D-0186
Guidance for Industry: Use of Material From Deer and Elk In Animal Feed


EMC 7
Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Vol #:
1


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/oct03/100203/100203.htm

01N-0423 Substances Prohibited from use in animal food/Feed Ruminant

APE 5 National Renderers Association, Inc. Vol#: 2

APE 6 Animal Protein Producers Industry Vol#: 2

APE 7 Darling International Inc. Vol#: 2

EMC 1 Terry S. Singeltary Sr. Vol#: 3

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/01/Oct01/101501/101501.htm

Send Post-Publication Peer Review to journal:


Re: RE-Monitoring the occurrence of emerging forms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob

disease in the United States


Email Terry S. Singeltary:


flounder@wt.net

I lost my mother to hvCJD (Heidenhain Variant CJD). I would like to

comment on the CDC's attempts to monitor the occurrence of emerging

forms of CJD. Asante, Collinge et al [1] have reported that BSE

transmission to the 129-methionine genotype can lead to an alternate

phenotype that is indistinguishable from type 2 PrPSc, the commonest

sporadic CJD. However, CJD and all human TSEs are not reportable

nationally. CJD and all human TSEs must be made reportable in every

state and internationally. I hope that the CDC does not continue to

expect us to still believe that the 85%+ of all CJD cases which are

sporadic are all spontaneous, without route/source. We have many TSEs in

the USA in both animal and man. CWD in deer/elk is spreading rapidly and

CWD does transmit to mink, ferret, cattle, and squirrel monkey by

intracerebral inoculation. With the known incubation periods in other

TSEs, oral transmission studies of CWD may take much longer. Every

victim/family of CJD/TSEs should be asked about route and source of this

agent. To prolong this will only spread the agent and needlessly expose

others. In light of the findings of Asante and Collinge et al, there

should be drastic measures to safeguard the medical and surgical arena

from sporadic CJDs and all human TSEs. I only ponder how many sporadic

CJDs in the USA are type 2 PrPSc?


http://www.neurology.org/cgi/eletters/60/2/176#535


TSS

######### https://listserv.kaliv.uni-karlsruhe.de/warc/bse-l.html ##########






Follow Ups:



Post a Followup

Name:
E-mail: (optional)
Subject:

Comments:

Optional Link URL:
Link Title:
Optional Image URL: