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From: TSS ()
Subject: Re: USA EXPANDS TSE/BSE TRADING GLOBALLY Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export
Date: February 12, 2005 at 9:47 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Re: USA EXPANDS TSE/BSE TRADING GLOBALLY Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export
Date: Sat, 12 Feb 2005 10:59:58 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@LISTSERV.KALIV.UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE
References: <4208EBC7.8030907@wt.net>


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Czech Republic Confirm 17th Case of BSE

WASHINGTON - Feb 12/05 - SNS -- The State Veterinary Authority (SVA) for
the Czech Republic confirmed the 17th case of Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE) in the country this month.

The concerned cow came from the cooperative Hodice in the Jihlava
District (southern Moravia) and was born on September 24, 2000. The
number of cows of cohort that will be destroyed and tested is around 300.

http://www.agreport.com/open/131506.phtml

SEE MAP OF CZECH REPUBLIC WHICH BORDERS SLOVAKIA;

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/cz.htm

BSE in Europe

http://home.hetnet.nl/~mad.cow/

TSS

Terry S. Singeltary Sr. wrote:

> ##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
> #####################
>
> GW's POLICY OF TRADING BSE/TSE GLOBALLY...TSS
>
>
> [Federal Register: February 8, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 25)]
> [Rules and Regulations] [Page 6554-6556]
>
>> From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
>
> [DOCID:fr08fe05-3]
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
>
> Food Safety and Inspection Service
>
> 9 CFR Part 327
>
> [Docket No. 99-018F]
>
>
> Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export Meat
> Products to the United States
>
> AGENCY: Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA.
>
> ACTION: Final rule.
>
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> SUMMARY: The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is adding
> Slovakia to the list of countries eligible to export meat products to
> the United States. Reviews of Slovakia's laws, regulations, and other
> written materials show that its meat processing system meets
> requirements that are equivalent to the relevant provisions of the
> Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) and its implementing regulations.
> Meat products processed in certified establishments in Slovakia
> will be eligible to be exported to the United States only if these
> products are derived from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats slaughtered
> in federally inspected establishments in the United States, or in
> certified slaughter establishments in other countries eligible to
> export meat to the United States. All meat products exported from
> Slovakia to the United States will be subject to reinspection at the
> U.S. ports-of-entry by FSIS inspectors as required by law.
>
> EFFECTIVE DATE: April 11, 2005.
>
> FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Sally White, Director,
> International Equivalence Staff, Office of International Affairs;
> (202) 720-6400.
>
> SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
>
> Background
>
> On August 13, 2001, FSIS published a proposal in the Federal
> Register (66 FR 42472) to add Slovakia to the list of countries
> eligible to export meat and meat products to the United States. As
> discussed in that proposed rulemaking, in 1993, the country formerly
> known as Czechoslovakia split into two separate countries, the Czech
> Republic and Slovakia. Although Czechoslovakia had been listed as
> eligible to export meat and meat products to the United States since
> 1972, the part of the country that became Slovakia had never had any
> establishments certified to export meat or meat products to the United
> States. Thus, FSIS did not have sufficient information about
> Slovakia's meat inspection system to determine whether it was
> equivalent to the U.S. system. Therefore, the Agency required that
> Slovakia request and receive approval from FSIS before it could be
> deemed eligible to export meat and meat products to the United States.
> In the proposed rule, FSIS reported that Slovakia had met the
> certification requirements imposed in the United States' meat
> inspection regulations, that its meat processing inspection system is
> equivalent to that of the United States, and that its official residue
> control laboratory is fully capable of testing meat food products.
> Therefore, FSIS proposed to permit Slovakia to export processed meat
> products to the United States.
> Because only one pork processing establishment in Slovakia had
> requested certification to export meat products to the United States,
> Slovakia requested that FSIS evaluate and approve only its meat
> processing inspection system. Thus, FSIS' equivalence evaluation of
> Slovakia's meat inspection system did not include a review of the
> slaughter inspection component. As a result, the carcasses or parts of
> any cattle, sheep, swine, or goats processed in establishments in
> Slovakia approved to export to the United States must be derived from
> animals slaughtered in the United States under USDA inspection or in
> establishments in other countries that are certified as eligible to
> export to the United States. The government of Slovakia has agreed to
> conduct its program in a way that ensures that meat products processed
> in Slovakia are only prepared from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats that
> were slaughtered in certified establishments in eligible countries. If
> FSIS were to evaluate Slovakia's slaughter inspection system and
> determine that it is equivalent to that of the United States, the
> Agency would conduct a separate rulemaking.
> Therefore, when this rule becomes effective, meat products
> processed in certified establishments in Slovakia will be eligible for
> exportation to the United States only if these products are derived
> from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats slaughtered in federally inspected
> establishments in the United States, or in certified slaughter
> establishments in other countries eligible to export meat to the
> United States.
>
> Comments
>
> FSIS received 36 comments on the proposed rule. Most were from
> private citizens and individual members of a women's agricultural
> organization, a few were from small cattle producers, and one was from
> a national cattle producer trade association. All commenters opposed
> adding Slovakia to the list of countries eligible to export meat and
> meat products into the United States.
> Comment: Most of the commenters opposed the proposed rule because,
> at the time that the rule was published, Slovakia was listed in USDA's
> Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regulations as a
> region that presents an undue risk of introducing bovine spongiform
> encephalopathy (BSE) into the United States (9 CFR 94.18(a)(2)). After
> publication of the proposed rule, APHIS amended its regulations to add
> Slovakia to the list of countries in which BSE is known to exist (9
> CFR 94.18(a)(1)). The commenters stated that, because of Slovakia's
> BSE status, it should remain ineligible to export meat and meat
> products to the United States under FSIS' regulations.
> One commenter opposed permitting Slovakia to export meat and meat
> products to the United States because Slovakia is not listed by APHIS
> as a region that is free from foot and mouth disease (FMD)(9 CFR
> 94.1). The commenter stated that if Slovakia were listed as eligible
> to export meat and meat products to the United States, there is a risk
> that these products could introduce FMD to the United States.
> Response: FSIS considered both BSE and FMD risk in its evaluation
> process for meat products currently proposed for importation into the
> United States from Slovakia.\1\ Although Slovakia would be listed in
> FSIS' regulations as eligible to export meat products to the United
> States, FSIS' regulations that list countries eligible to export
> products of cattle, sheep, swine, and goats to the United States do
> not authorize the entry of products that are ineligible for
> importation into the United States because they are from countries in
> which certain contagious and communicable diseases, such as FMD, exist
> as provided in 9 CFR part 94 (see 9 CFR 327.2(b)). Meat products must
> comply with all U.S. requirements prior to entry. Before a shipment of
> meat or meat products may be presented for re-inspection at the
> port-of entry by FSIS,
>
> [[Page 6555]]
>
> it must have first met the requirements of both the U.S. Customs
> Service and APHIS.
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>
> \1\ Currently, the one establishment that would be certified to
> export meat food products from Slovakia to the United States intends
> to export only pork products.
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>
> APHIS is responsible for keeping animal diseases, such as BSE and
> FMD, out of the country. Under Title 9, part 94 of its regulations (9
> CFR 94), APHIS sets forth restrictions on the importation of any
> fresh, frozen, and chilled meat, meat products, and certain other
> edible products from countries in which certain animal diseases exist.
> Those products that APHIS has restricted from entering the United
> States because of animal disease conditions in the country of origin
> will be refused entry before reaching an FSIS import inspection facility.
> FSIS and APHIS work closely together to ensure that meat and meat
> products imported into the United States comply with the regulatory
> requirements of both agencies. The agencies have established
> procedures for communication to ensure that products that APHIS has
> restricted from entering the United States because of animal disease
> concerns are refused entry into the United States.
> For the reasons discussed above, FSIS believes that sufficient
> controls are in place to ensure that listing Slovakia as eligible to
> export meat and meat products processed in Slovakia will not pose a
> BSE or FMD risk to the United States.
> Comment: Several commenters, all individual consumers, opposed the
> importation of beef from any foreign country into the United States
> due to general concerns about the safety of foreign beef.
> Response: Meat and meat products exported to the United States from
> another nation must meet equivalent safety standards applied to meat
> and meat products produced in the United States. FSIS makes
> determinations of equivalence by evaluating whether foreign food
> regulatory systems have in place the appropriate level of protection
> to meet the equivalent level of food safety as provided by the U.S.
> domestic system. Thus, while foreign food regulatory systems need not
> be identical to the U.S. system, they must employ equivalent sanitary
> measures that provide the same level of protection against food
> hazards as is achieved domestically. Beef and beef products from
> foreign countries that do not comply with these requirements are
> ineligible for importation into the United States.
> As discussed above, only one pork processing establishment in
> Slovakia has requested certification to export meat products to the
> United States. Furthermore, beef and beef products are among the
> products that are ineligible for importation into the United States
> under 9 CFR part 94 of APHIS' regulations. Thus, at this time,
> Slovakia will not be exporting beef to the United States.
> Comment: One commenter objected to the importation of live cattle
> into the United States until the United States has a ``* * * rigid
> inspection system set up [that] is fool proof against any bioterrorism
> attack.''
> Response: This comment is outside the scope of this rulemaking.
> This final rule does not affect the importation of live cattle from
> Slovakia into the United States. The importation of live cattle from
> Slovakia into the United States is prohibited by APHIS under 9 CFR
> 94.18(a)(1).
>
> Executive Order 12988
>
> This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988,
> Civil Justice Reform. If this final rule is adopted: (1) All State and
> local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule will
> be preempted; (2) no retroactive effect will be given to this rule;
> and (3) administrative proceedings will not be required before parties
> may file suit in court challenging this rule.
>
> Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act
>
> This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. It
> has been determined to be non-significant, for purposes of E.O. 12866,
> and therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and
> Budget (OMB).
> There is only one establishment in Slovakia that has applied to
> export meat products to the United States. This establishment plans to
> export non-heat treated shelf stable pork products, such as sausages
> and salami, and non-shelf stable cooked pork products, such as
> pasteurized hams and specialty cured, cooked, and smoked meat
> products. U.S. imports from this establishment are expected to total
> 520 tons per year.
> U.S. firms currently export no meat products and only a small
> amount of poultry products to Slovakia. Table A presents the most
> updated information currently available of U.S. exports of poultry and
> pork products to Slovakia from 1994 to 2000. Poultry exports were
> highest in 1994, before declining and eventually falling to zero in
> 1996. Poultry exports reappeared again in 1998, but again at
> relatively low levels.
> Table A also reports U.S. exports of pork products to Slovakia.
> Between 1994 and 2000, U.S. firms exported pork products to Slovakia
> only once, in 1994. Since then, the U.S. has not had any exports of
> meat products to Slovakia.
> This final rule could begin to reopen trade between the United
> States and Slovakia. During much of the mid-1990's, many emerging
> democratic nations faced substantial economic obstacles. Listing
> Slovakia as a country eligible to export meat and meat products to the
> United States could begin the process of reacquainting Slovakia with
> U.S. firms.
> Expected benefits from this rule would generally accrue to
> consumers from an increased choice of meat products in the
> marketplace. The costs of this final rule will accrue primarily to
> producers in the form of greater competition from Slovakia. However,
> the volume of trade stimulated by this rule is expected to be very
> small and is likely to have little effect on supply and farm-level
> prices.
> In addition to this action, FSIS considered the option of not
> listing Slovakia as eligible to export meat and meat products to the
> United States. This alternative was rejected however, because FSIS
> found that the Slovakian meat inspection system complies with all the
> requirements of the FMIA and FSIS regulations for exporting processed
> meat and meat products to the United States.
>
> Table A.--U.S. Exports of Poultry and Pork Products to Slovakia, 1994-
> 2000
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Average
> Calendar year Quantity Value price per
> (tons) ton
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Poultry:
> 1994................................. 283 $354,000 $1250.88
> 1995................................. 22 20,000 909.09
> 1996................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1997................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1998................................. 68 68,000 1000.00
> 1999................................. 24 14,000 583.30
> 2000................................. 69 55,000 797.10
> Pork:
> 1994................................. 38 39,480 1038.95
> 1995................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1996................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1997................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1998................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 1999................................. 0 0.00 NA
> 2000................................. 0 0.00 NA
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.
>
> Effect on Small Entities
>
> The Administrator, FSIS, has made an initial determination that
> this final rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial
> number of small entities, as defined by the Regulatory Flexibility Act
> (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). This final rule adds Slovakia to the list of
> countries eligible to export meat and meat products to the United
> States. Only one establishment in Slovakia has applied to
>
> [[Page 6556]]
>
> export product to the United States. This establishment plans to
> export approximately 520 tons of non-heat treated shelf stable pork
> products and non-shelf stable cooked pork products to the United
> States per year. Because the volume of pork products exported from
> Slovakia to the United States is expected to be very small, this final
> rule is not likely have much of an effect on supply and prices.
> Therefore, this final rule is not expected to have a significant
> impact on small domestic entities that produce these types of products.
>
> Paperwork Requirements
>
> No new paperwork requirements are associated with this final rule.
> A foreign country that wants to export meat products to the United
> States is required to provide information to FSIS to certify that its
> inspection system provides standards equivalent to those of the United
> States and that the legal authority for the system and its
> implementing regulations are equivalent to those of the United States
> before it may start exporting such product to the United States. FSIS
> collects this information one time only. FSIS gave Slovakia
> questionnaires asking for detailed information about the country's
> inspection practices and procedures to assist the country in
> organizing its materials. This information collection was approved
> under OMB number 0583-0094. This final rule contains no other
> paperwork requirements.
>
> Additional Public Notification
>
> Public awareness of all segments of rulemaking and policy
> development is important. Consequently, in an effort to ensure that
> the public and in particular minorities, women, and persons with
> disabilities, are aware of this final rule, FSIS will announce it on-
> line through the FSIS Web page located at http://www.fsis.usda.gov
> .
>
>
> The Regulations.gov Web site is the central online rulemaking
> portal of the United States government. It is being offered as a
> public service to increase participation in the Federal government's
> regulatory activities. FSIS participates in Regulations.gov and will
> accept comments on documents published on the site. The site allows
> visitors to search by keyword or Department or Agency for rulemakings
> that allow for public comment. Each entry provides a quick link to a
> comment form so that visitors can type in their comments and submit
> them to FSIS. The Web site is located at http://www.regulations.gov
> .
>
>
> FSIS also will make copies of this Federal Register publication
> available through the FSIS Constituent Update, which is used to
> provide information regarding FSIS policies, procedures, regulations,
> Federal Register notices, FSIS public meetings, recalls, and other
> types of information that could affect or would be of interest to our
> constituents and stakeholders. The update is communicated via
> Listserv, a free e-mail subscription service consisting of industry,
> trade, and farm groups, consumer interest groups, allied health
> professionals, scientific professionals, and other individuals who
> have requested to be included. The update also is available on the
> FSIS web page. Through Listserv and the web page, FSIS is able to
> provide information to a much broader, more diverse audience.
>
> List of Subjects 9 CFR Part 327
>
> Imports, Meat and meat products.
>
>
> 0
> For the reasons set out in the preamble 9 CFR part 327 is amended as
> follows:
>
> PART 327--IMPORTED PRODUCTS
>
> 0
> 1. The authority citation for part 327 continues to read as follows:
>
> Authority: 21 U.S.C. 601-695; 7 CFR 2.18, 2.53.
>
> 0
> 2. Section 327.2 is amended by adding ``Slovakia'' with footnote 1 in
> alphabetical order to the list of countries in paragraph (b) to read
> as follows:
>
>
> Sec. 327.2 Eligibility of foreign countries for importation of
> products into the United States.
>
> * * * * *
> (b) * * *
> Slovakia \1\
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>
> \1\ May export to the United States only processed meat food
> products derived from animals slaughtered under Federal inspection in
> the United States, or in a country eligible to export meat and meat
> products to the United States.
>
> Done at Washington, DC, on: February 3, 2005.
> Barbara J. Masters,
> Acting Administrator.
> [FR Doc. 05-2389 Filed 2-7-05; 8:45 am]
>
>
> http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20051800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2005/05-2389.htm
>
>
>
> Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Slovakia
>
>
>
> Impact Worksheet, October 9, 2001
>
>
>
>
>
> Summary:
>
> BSE was confirmed on October 4 in a 6-year old cow in Slovakia. The
> cow was detected as part of regular sampling for BSE in slaughter
> cattle. This is the first case of BSE in Slovakia.
>
> Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds stocks in cattle,
> goats, and sheep in 2000. Slovakias meat exports are minimal;
> however, exports of live animals number in the tens of thousands.
> Destination countries for the live animal exports were not specified.
> No products that would be of risk for transmission of BSE were
> imported into the US from Slovakia during 2000 or 2001. In 1998 and
> 1999, small quantities of animals feeds were imported from Slovakia;
> however, it is not known whether these feeds contained ruminant
> materials.
>
> In December 1997, APHIS prohibited the importation of live ruminants
> and most ruminant products from all of Europe including Slovakia. In
> December 2000, import restrictions regarding BSE were expanded by
> prohibiting all imports of rendered animal protein products,
> regardless of species, from Europe.
>
> How extensive is the outbreak of BSE in Slovakia?
>
>
>
>
>
> It was reported by Reuters that BSE was confirmed on October 4 in a
> 6-year old cow in Slovakia. The cow was detected as part of regular
> sampling for BSE in slaughter cattle. Confirmation was done by the
> Research Laboratory for Viral Diseases of Animals in Tuebingen,
> Germany. This is the first case of BSE in Slovakia.
>
> Using trace-back, it was determined that the positive cow was
> transported to the slaughterhouse on September 24, and originated from
> a farm with about 200 cows, located in Horná Zdana in the Ziar nad
> Hronom district. The district veterinary authorities immediately
> isolated the farm and banned any movement of animals to and from the
> farm.
>
> Source: OIE Weekly Disease Information Report, Sep 28, 2001; Reuters,
> Oct 4, 2001
>
> What actions has Slovakia taken to protect its livestock from BSE?
>
> Imports of cattle, beef, and beef products from countries with BSE are
> banned by Slovakia. However, it is not clear when this ban was
> enacted, as small numbers of live cattle from France (which has had
> cases of BSE since 1991) were imported as recently as 1999.
>
> Meat and bone meal (MBM) has reportedly not been fed to ruminants for
> many years because it is too expensive. Even so, a ban on the feeding
> of MBM to ruminants was implemented in 1994. Some MBM for feeding to
> non-ruminants has been imported, primarily from Austria.
>
> Testing for BSE began in 1996. Brains were tested from cattle
> exhibiting unusual behavior, cattle that are fallen, and emergency
> slaughter cattle. Since the appearance of BSE in the Czech Republic
> in June 2001, Slovakia has been testing all slaughtered cows aged over
> 30 months.
>
> Source: USDA, FAS, Slovak Measure to Prevent BSE, Mar 2, 2001;
> Reuters, Oct 4, 2001
>
> What is Slovakias production and trade in affected animals and animal
> products?
>
> Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds stocks in cattle,
> goats, and sheep in 2000 (Table 1). Slovakia exported 120,000 live
> cattle, goats, and sheep in 1999. Destination countries for the live
> animal exports were not specified. Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent
> of imports of cattle, goats, and sheep in 1999.
>
> Table 1. Slovakias live animal stocks and imports and exports of live
> animals.
>
> Live Animal
>
> 2000 Stocks
>
> Trade
>
> 1999 Exports
>
> 1999 Imports
>
> Head
>
> % World
>
> Head
>
> % World
>
> Head
>
> % World
>
> Cattle
>
> 665,055
>
> 0.05
>
> 12,556
>
> 0.13
>
> 150
>
> <0.01
>
> Goats
>
> 51,075
>
> <0.01
>
> 30,501
>
> 1.1
>
> 560
>
> 0.02
>
> Sheep
>
> 340,346
>
> 0.03
>
> 77,246
>
> 0.43
>
> 810
>
> <0.01
>
> Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds 2000 production of
> beef and veal, mutton and lamb, and goat meat in 2000 (Table 2).
> Slovakia also had less than 0.1 percent of world exports of beef and
> veal, and mutton and lamb, and imports of beef and veal in 1999.
> Quantities were not available for goat meat imports and exports or
> mutton and lamb imports.
>
> Table 2. Production and trade in relevant products by Slovakia.
>
> Products
>
> 2000 Production
>
> Trade
>
> 1999 Exports
>
> 1999 Imports
>
> Metric ton
>
> % World
>
> Metric ton
>
> % World
>
> Metric ton
>
> % World
>
> Beef and Veal
>
> 42,932
>
> 0.08
>
> 144
>
> <0.01
>
> 2,993
>
> 0.06
>
> Mutton and Lamb1
>
> 1,476
>
> 0.02
>
> 109
>
> 0.01
>
> -
>
> -
>
> Goat Meat1
>
> 110
>
> <0.01
>
> -
>
> -
>
> -
>
> -
>
> Source: United Nations FAO
>
> 1 Sheep and goats were included in Table 1 and Table 2 as affected
> animals because USDA/APHIS includes all ruminants and ruminant
> products in its restrictions pertaining to BSE.
>
> What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from
> Slovakia?
>
> No products that would be of risk for transmission of BSE were
> imported into the US from Slovakia during 2000 or 2001. Small
> quantities of animals feeds were imported during 1998 and 1999;
> however, it is not known whether these feeds contained ruminant
> materials (Table 3). Canada and Mexico did not import any items of
> risk from Slovakia in 1998, 1999, 2000, or 2001.
>
> Table 3. U.S. Imports from Slovakia
>
> 1998
>
> 1999
>
> Value ($millions)
>
> Quantity
>
> Value ($millions)
>
> Quantity
>
> mixed feeds or mixed feed ingredients used in animal feedings, nesoi
>
> 0.350
>
> 114 metric tons
>
> 0.509
>
> 243 metric tons
>
> preparations of a kind used in animal feeding, nesoi
>
> 0.000
>
> 0 kg
>
> 0.013
>
> 4,000 kg
>
> Source: World Trade Atlas
>
> Did the US have restrictions on ruminant imports from Slovakia prior
> to this case?
>
> In December 1997, APHIS prohibited the importation of live ruminants
> and most ruminant products from all of Europe including Slovakia until
> a thorough assessment of the risks of introduction of BSE into the US
> could be made. Prior to December 1997, import restrictions were
> applied only to those countries which had reported cases of BSE in
> native animals. Also, importation of ruminant meat from BSE-affected
> countries was permitted if the meat was deboned and free of visually
> identifiable lymphatic and nervous tissue and if it met other
> restrictions. Import regulations enacted December 1997 extended the
> import restrictions to countries that had not had a declared case of
> BSE, yet had risk factors for occurrence of BSE.
>
> These regulatory changes also removed the provisions which allowed
> importation of ruminant meat from the restricted countries,
> essentially prohibiting the importation of ruminant meat from all of
> Europe. These import restrictions also applied to bone meal, blood
> meal, meat meal, offal, fat, glands, and serum from ruminants. In
> December 2000, APHIS expanded its import restrictions regarding BSE by
> prohibiting all imports of rendered animal protein products,
> regardless of species, from Europe.
>
> Source: USDA, APHIS, VS
>
> What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
> from Slovakia?
>
> There were no direct flights from Slovakia to the US in fiscal year 2000.
>
> Under APHIS-PPQs agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 42 air
> passengers from Slovakia were sampled for items of agricultural
> interest in fiscal year 2000. None of these passengers were carrying
> meat (non-pork) items that could potentially harbor the pathogen(s)
> that cause BSE.
>
> Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
> Quarantine Inspection data base
>
> CEIs plans for follow up:
>
> CEI is trying to ascertain the destination countries of Slovakias
> live animal exports and will send out a brief message with this
> information. If you need more information or want to comment on this
> worksheet, you may reply to this message or contact Ken Geter at (970)
> 490-7817 or Chris Kopral at (970) 490-7819.
>
> http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/IW_2001_files/bse_slovakia1001.htm
>
> FUNNY how when the USA did not have a documented case of BSE, NOTHING
> was acceptable in relations to trade
> with a BSE country. NOW North America is well documented
> as being BSE contaminated, and NOW the USA wants to change the rules
> to import and export TSEs freely.
> TALK about flip flopping...TSS
>
> NOW, WHAT ABOUT THE BSE GBR OF SLOVAKIA;
>
> Opinion of the
> Scientific Steering Committee
> on the
> GEOGRAPHICAL RISK OF
> BOVINE SPONGIFORM
> ENCEPHALOPATHY (GBR) in the
> SLOVAK REPUBLIC
> Adopted on 30/03/2001
> Opinion of the Scientific Steering Committee on the
> GEOGRAPHICAL RISK OF BOVINE SPONGIFORM
> ENCEPHALOPATHY (GBR)
> in the Slovak Republic
> THE QUESTION
> The Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) was asked by the Commission to
> express
> its scientific opinion on the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR), i.e. the
> likelihood of
> the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE,
> pre-clinically as well
> as clinically, at a given point in time, in a number of Third Countries.
> This opinion addresses the GBR of Slovak Republic.
> THE BACKGROUND
> In December 1997 the SSC expressed its first opinion on Specified Risk
> Materials
> where it stated, inter alia, that the list of SRM could probably be
> modulated in the
> light of the species, the age and the geographical origin of the
> animals in question.
> In June 2000 the European Commission adopted a Decision on SRM
> (2000/418/EC), prohibiting the import of SRM from all Third Countries
> that have
> not been "satisfactorily" assessed with regard to their BSE-Risk.
> This opinion concerns only one country, the Slovak Republic. The
> Commission
> requested this opinion as essential input into its Decision concerning
> the treatment
> of SRM that will be requested from the Slovak Republic. It is
> recommended that
> this opinion on the Slovak Republic is read in the light of the GBR of
> the SSC of
> July 2000.
> In September 2000 the Commission invited 46 Third Countries, which are
> authorised to export products to the EU that are listed in annex II to
> the above
> mentioned SRM-Decision, to provide a dossier for the assessment of
> their GBR.
> Until today 36 dossiers have been received, 6 are already assessed,
> and 30 are in
> different state of assessment.
> This opinion concerns only one country, Slovak Republic. The Commission
> requested this opinion as essential input into its Decision concerning
> the treatment
> of SRM that will be requested from Slovak Republic. It is recommended
> that this
> opinion on the Slovak Republic is read in the light of the GBR of the
> SSC of July
> 2000.
> The SSC is concerned that the available information was not confirmed by
> inspection missions as they are performed by the FVO in the Member
> States. It
> recommends that BSE-related aspects are included in the program of future
> inspection missions, as far as feasible.
> THE ANALYSIS
> Czechoslovakia was exposed to a high external challenge from 1988-1992
> (insufficient data on cattle imports before 88 and on MBM imports
> before 86).
> According to EUROSTAT data, during that period, in total 6,459 live
> cattle were
> exported to Czechoslovakia from FR, BE, NL, DK, and DE. During
> 1986-1990, in
> total 5,950 tonnes of MBM were exported from FR and in total 6,887 tonnes
> exported from DE, FR and BE, during 1991-1992.
> Since 1993 the Slovak Republic is independent and the external
> challenge has
> been high since 1993, mainly due to MBM-imports from France, Germany,
> Belgium and NL (around 3,000 tonnes in total).
> On the basis of information provided by the Czech Republic and by the
> Slovak
> Republic, between 1980 and 1992, the BSE/cattle system of
> Czechoslovakia is
> assessed as very unstable.
> The BSE/cattle system of Slovak Republic was very unstable until 1997
> and is
> neutrally stable since 1998.
> Feeding ruminant MBM to cattle was not allowed in the Slovak Republic
> (due to
> feed standards). This was reaffirmed by adopting specific Veterinary
> regulations in
> 1994. Feeding cattle with MBM was not allowed either. This was
> reaffirmed by
> adopting specific Veterinary regulations in 1997. Analytical feed
> controls only
> started in 1998 in very small numbers. Voluntary feeding was very
> unlikely but
> cross-contamination cannot be excluded. Rendering is apparently done
> under
> conditions that are able to reduce BSE-infectivity but no evidence is
> provided
> concerning controls. There is no SRM ban and the material is normally
> rendered.
> It is concluded that it is likely but not confirmed that one or
> several cattle that are
> (pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE agent are
> currently present in
> the domestic herd of the Slovak Republic (GBR III).
> Given the very unstable system and the fact that the BSE-agent is
> likely to be
> already present in the country due to live cattle and MBM imports, it
> is assumed
> that the GBR is increasing.
> A summary of the reasons for the current assessment is given in annex
> 1 to this
> opinion.
> A detailed report on the assessment of the GBR of Slovak Republic is
> published
> separately on the Internet. It was produced by the GBR-task force of
> the SSCsecretariat
> and peer reviewed by the GBR-Peer group. The country had two
> opportunities to comment on different drafts of the report before the
> SSC took both,
> the report and the comments, into account for producing this opinion.
> The SSC
> appreciates the good co-operation of the countrys authorities.
> ANNEX 1
> Slovak Republic  Summary of the GBR-Assessment, March 2001
> EXTERNAL CHALLENGE STABILITY INTERACTION of EXTERNAL
> CHALLENGE and STABILITY
> 1980-87: Not addressed *;
> 1988-92: HIGH; 1993-99: HIGH.
> 1980-1997: VERY UNSTABLE;
> 1998-2000: NEUTRALLY UNSTABLE.
> GBRLevel
> Live Cattle
> imports MBM imports Feeding Rendering SRM-removal Surveillance,
> crosscontamination
> III
> Before 1993, the very unstable
> system of Czechoslovakia was
> exposed to a high external challenge
> (MBM imports). It is likely that an
> internal challenge occurred. Since
> 1993, the still very unstable system
> of the Slovak Republic was again
> exposed to a high external challenge.
> Without imports GBR will decrease
> over time, due to absence of
> recycling.
> GBRtrend
> INTERNAL CHALLENGE
> ?
> Before 1993
> (Czechoslovakia):
> 6,459 live cattle
> exported mainly
> from DE, FR, DK
> (EUROSTAT data,
> imports from UK
> negligible)
> Country dossier
> indicates 877
> animals imported
> into the current
> territory of SKR.
> Since 1993 (Slovak
> Republic):
> Around 6,000
> animals imported
> mainly from DE, NL
> and FR
> (EUROSTAT).
> Before 1993:
> In total around
> 6900 t mainly
> from FR and DE
> (EUROSTAT).
> Since 1993:
> Around 3,000 t
> imported mainly
> from DE and
> BE/Lux.
> Not OK 1980-1997,
> Reasonably OK
> 1998-2000
> Before 1994, not
> included officially in
> feed recipes but no
> evidence for control.
> RMBM ban in 94
> and a MMBM ban in
> 97.
> Analytical controls
> started in 98.
> Reasonably
> OK 1980-
> 1997, OK
> since 1998
> Rendering
> done
> according to
> 113°C / 20 min
> / 3 bars
> standard
> Evidence of
> controls start
> in 98.
> Not OK
> No SRM ban.
> SRM normally
> rendered for
> feed
> production.
> BSE surveillance:
> Notification of BSE
> compulsory since
> 1993. Surveillance
> improved since 2001.
> Cross-contamination:
> Could occur due to
> insufficient controls.
> Since 1988 internal challenge was likely
> to be present and growing.
> * Data insufficient
>
> http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/ssc/out183_en.pdf
>
>
>
>> * Data insufficient
>
>
>
> I KEEP SAYING IT SIMPLY IS NOT ABOUT SCIENCE ANYMORE.
> it's all about TRADE, and it does not matter to USA
> OFFICIALS if TSEs are involved in that trade...
>
> TSS
>
> ######### https://listserv.kaliv.uni-karlsruhe.de/warc/bse-l.html
> ##########
>
>

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