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From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. (pool143-127.dial-u2.hou.wt.net)
Subject: USA EXPANDS TSE/BSE TRADING GLOBALLY Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export
Date: February 8, 2005 at 8:50 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: USA EXPANDS TSE/BSE TRADING GLOBALLY Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export
Date: Tue, 8 Feb 2005 10:41:43 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@LISTSERV.KALIV.UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

GW's POLICY OF TRADING BSE/TSE GLOBALLY...TSS


[Federal Register: February 8, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 25)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Page 6554-6556]
>From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr08fe05-3]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Food Safety and Inspection Service

9 CFR Part 327

[Docket No. 99-018F]


Addition of Slovakia to the List of Countries Eligible To Export
Meat Products to the United States

AGENCY: Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is adding
Slovakia to the list of countries eligible to export meat products to
the United States. Reviews of Slovakia's laws, regulations, and other
written materials show that its meat processing system meets
requirements that are equivalent to the relevant provisions of the
Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) and its implementing regulations.
Meat products processed in certified establishments in Slovakia
will be eligible to be exported to the United States only if these
products are derived from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats slaughtered in
federally inspected establishments in the United States, or in
certified slaughter establishments in other countries eligible to
export meat to the United States. All meat products exported from
Slovakia to the United States will be subject to reinspection at the
U.S. ports-of-entry by FSIS inspectors as required by law.

EFFECTIVE DATE: April 11, 2005.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Sally White, Director,
International Equivalence Staff, Office of International Affairs; (202)
720-6400.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

On August 13, 2001, FSIS published a proposal in the Federal
Register (66 FR 42472) to add Slovakia to the list of countries
eligible to export meat and meat products to the United States. As
discussed in that proposed rulemaking, in 1993, the country formerly
known as Czechoslovakia split into two separate countries, the Czech
Republic and Slovakia. Although Czechoslovakia had been listed as
eligible to export meat and meat products to the United States since
1972, the part of the country that became Slovakia had never had any
establishments certified to export meat or meat products to the United
States. Thus, FSIS did not have sufficient information about Slovakia's
meat inspection system to determine whether it was equivalent to the
U.S. system. Therefore, the Agency required that Slovakia request and
receive approval from FSIS before it could be deemed eligible to export
meat and meat products to the United States.
In the proposed rule, FSIS reported that Slovakia had met the
certification requirements imposed in the United States' meat
inspection regulations, that its meat processing inspection system is
equivalent to that of the United States, and that its official residue
control laboratory is fully capable of testing meat food products.
Therefore, FSIS proposed to permit Slovakia to export processed meat
products to the United States.
Because only one pork processing establishment in Slovakia had
requested certification to export meat products to the United States,
Slovakia requested that FSIS evaluate and approve only its meat
processing inspection system. Thus, FSIS' equivalence evaluation of
Slovakia's meat inspection system did not include a review of the
slaughter inspection component. As a result, the carcasses or parts of
any cattle, sheep, swine, or goats processed in establishments in
Slovakia approved to export to the United States must be derived from
animals slaughtered in the United States under USDA inspection or in
establishments in other countries that are certified as eligible to
export to the United States. The government of Slovakia has agreed to
conduct its program in a way that ensures that meat products processed
in Slovakia are only prepared from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats that
were slaughtered in certified establishments in eligible countries. If
FSIS were to evaluate Slovakia's slaughter inspection system and
determine that it is equivalent to that of the United States, the
Agency would conduct a separate rulemaking.
Therefore, when this rule becomes effective, meat products
processed in certified establishments in Slovakia will be eligible for
exportation to the United States only if these products are derived
from cattle, sheep, swine, or goats slaughtered in federally inspected
establishments in the United States, or in certified slaughter
establishments in other countries eligible to export meat to the United
States.

Comments

FSIS received 36 comments on the proposed rule. Most were from
private citizens and individual members of a women's agricultural
organization, a few were from small cattle producers, and one was from
a national cattle producer trade association. All commenters opposed
adding Slovakia to the list of countries eligible to export meat and
meat products into the United States.
Comment: Most of the commenters opposed the proposed rule because,
at the time that the rule was published, Slovakia was listed in USDA's
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regulations as a
region that presents an undue risk of introducing bovine spongiform
encephalopathy (BSE) into the United States (9 CFR 94.18(a)(2)). After
publication of the proposed rule, APHIS amended its regulations to add
Slovakia to the list of countries in which BSE is known to exist (9 CFR
94.18(a)(1)). The commenters stated that, because of Slovakia's BSE
status, it should remain ineligible to export meat and meat products to
the United States under FSIS' regulations.
One commenter opposed permitting Slovakia to export meat and meat
products to the United States because Slovakia is not listed by APHIS
as a region that is free from foot and mouth disease (FMD)(9 CFR 94.1).
The commenter stated that if Slovakia were listed as eligible to export
meat and meat products to the United States, there is a risk that these
products could introduce FMD to the United States.
Response: FSIS considered both BSE and FMD risk in its evaluation
process for meat products currently proposed for importation into the
United States from Slovakia.\1\ Although Slovakia would be listed in
FSIS' regulations as eligible to export meat products to the United
States, FSIS' regulations that list countries eligible to export
products of cattle, sheep, swine, and goats to the United States do not
authorize the entry of products that are ineligible for importation
into the United States because they are from countries in which certain
contagious and communicable diseases, such as FMD, exist as provided in
9 CFR part 94 (see 9 CFR 327.2(b)). Meat products must comply with all
U.S. requirements prior to entry. Before a shipment of meat or meat
products may be presented for re-inspection at the port-of entry by
FSIS,

[[Page 6555]]

it must have first met the requirements of both the U.S. Customs
Service and APHIS.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

\1\ Currently, the one establishment that would be certified to
export meat food products from Slovakia to the United States intends
to export only pork products.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

APHIS is responsible for keeping animal diseases, such as BSE and
FMD, out of the country. Under Title 9, part 94 of its regulations (9
CFR 94), APHIS sets forth restrictions on the importation of any fresh,
frozen, and chilled meat, meat products, and certain other edible
products from countries in which certain animal diseases exist. Those
products that APHIS has restricted from entering the United States
because of animal disease conditions in the country of origin will be
refused entry before reaching an FSIS import inspection facility.
FSIS and APHIS work closely together to ensure that meat and meat
products imported into the United States comply with the regulatory
requirements of both agencies. The agencies have established procedures
for communication to ensure that products that APHIS has restricted
from entering the United States because of animal disease concerns are
refused entry into the United States.
For the reasons discussed above, FSIS believes that sufficient
controls are in place to ensure that listing Slovakia as eligible to
export meat and meat products processed in Slovakia will not pose a BSE
or FMD risk to the United States.
Comment: Several commenters, all individual consumers, opposed the
importation of beef from any foreign country into the United States due
to general concerns about the safety of foreign beef.
Response: Meat and meat products exported to the United States from
another nation must meet equivalent safety standards applied to meat
and meat products produced in the United States. FSIS makes
determinations of equivalence by evaluating whether foreign food
regulatory systems have in place the appropriate level of protection to
meet the equivalent level of food safety as provided by the U.S.
domestic system. Thus, while foreign food regulatory systems need not
be identical to the U.S. system, they must employ equivalent sanitary
measures that provide the same level of protection against food hazards
as is achieved domestically. Beef and beef products from foreign
countries that do not comply with these requirements are ineligible for
importation into the United States.
As discussed above, only one pork processing establishment in
Slovakia has requested certification to export meat products to the
United States. Furthermore, beef and beef products are among the
products that are ineligible for importation into the United States
under 9 CFR part 94 of APHIS' regulations. Thus, at this time, Slovakia
will not be exporting beef to the United States.
Comment: One commenter objected to the importation of live cattle
into the United States until the United States has a ``* * * rigid
inspection system set up [that] is fool proof against any bioterrorism
attack.''
Response: This comment is outside the scope of this rulemaking.
This final rule does not affect the importation of live cattle from
Slovakia into the United States. The importation of live cattle from
Slovakia into the United States is prohibited by APHIS under 9 CFR
94.18(a)(1).

Executive Order 12988

This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988,
Civil Justice Reform. If this final rule is adopted: (1) All State and
local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule will be
preempted; (2) no retroactive effect will be given to this rule; and
(3) administrative proceedings will not be required before parties may
file suit in court challenging this rule.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. It
has been determined to be non-significant, for purposes of E.O. 12866,
and therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and
Budget (OMB).
There is only one establishment in Slovakia that has applied to
export meat products to the United States. This establishment plans to
export non-heat treated shelf stable pork products, such as sausages
and salami, and non-shelf stable cooked pork products, such as
pasteurized hams and specialty cured, cooked, and smoked meat products.
U.S. imports from this establishment are expected to total 520 tons per
year.
U.S. firms currently export no meat products and only a small
amount of poultry products to Slovakia. Table A presents the most
updated information currently available of U.S. exports of poultry and
pork products to Slovakia from 1994 to 2000. Poultry exports were
highest in 1994, before declining and eventually falling to zero in
1996. Poultry exports reappeared again in 1998, but again at relatively
low levels.
Table A also reports U.S. exports of pork products to Slovakia.
Between 1994 and 2000, U.S. firms exported pork products to Slovakia
only once, in 1994. Since then, the U.S. has not had any exports of
meat products to Slovakia.
This final rule could begin to reopen trade between the United
States and Slovakia. During much of the mid-1990's, many emerging
democratic nations faced substantial economic obstacles. Listing
Slovakia as a country eligible to export meat and meat products to the
United States could begin the process of reacquainting Slovakia with
U.S. firms.
Expected benefits from this rule would generally accrue to
consumers from an increased choice of meat products in the marketplace.
The costs of this final rule will accrue primarily to producers in the
form of greater competition from Slovakia. However, the volume of trade
stimulated by this rule is expected to be very small and is likely to
have little effect on supply and farm-level prices.
In addition to this action, FSIS considered the option of not
listing Slovakia as eligible to export meat and meat products to the
United States. This alternative was rejected however, because FSIS
found that the Slovakian meat inspection system complies with all the
requirements of the FMIA and FSIS regulations for exporting processed
meat and meat products to the United States.

Table A.--U.S. Exports of Poultry and Pork Products to Slovakia, 1994-
2000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Average
Calendar year Quantity Value price per
(tons) ton
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Poultry:
1994................................. 283 $354,000 $1250.88
1995................................. 22 20,000 909.09
1996................................. 0 0.00 NA
1997................................. 0 0.00 NA
1998................................. 68 68,000 1000.00
1999................................. 24 14,000 583.30
2000................................. 69 55,000 797.10
Pork:
1994................................. 38 39,480 1038.95
1995................................. 0 0.00 NA
1996................................. 0 0.00 NA
1997................................. 0 0.00 NA
1998................................. 0 0.00 NA
1999................................. 0 0.00 NA
2000................................. 0 0.00 NA
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.

Effect on Small Entities

The Administrator, FSIS, has made an initial determination that
this final rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial
number of small entities, as defined by the Regulatory Flexibility Act
(5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). This final rule adds Slovakia to the list of
countries eligible to export meat and meat products to the United
States. Only one establishment in Slovakia has applied to

[[Page 6556]]

export product to the United States. This establishment plans to export
approximately 520 tons of non-heat treated shelf stable pork products
and non-shelf stable cooked pork products to the United States per
year. Because the volume of pork products exported from Slovakia to the
United States is expected to be very small, this final rule is not
likely have much of an effect on supply and prices. Therefore, this
final rule is not expected to have a significant impact on small
domestic entities that produce these types of products.

Paperwork Requirements

No new paperwork requirements are associated with this final rule.
A foreign country that wants to export meat products to the United
States is required to provide information to FSIS to certify that its
inspection system provides standards equivalent to those of the United
States and that the legal authority for the system and its implementing
regulations are equivalent to those of the United States before it may
start exporting such product to the United States. FSIS collects this
information one time only. FSIS gave Slovakia questionnaires asking for
detailed information about the country's inspection practices and
procedures to assist the country in organizing its materials. This
information collection was approved under OMB number 0583-0094. This
final rule contains no other paperwork requirements.

Additional Public Notification

Public awareness of all segments of rulemaking and policy
development is important. Consequently, in an effort to ensure that the
public and in particular minorities, women, and persons with
disabilities, are aware of this final rule, FSIS will announce it on-
line through the FSIS Web page located at http://www.fsis.usda.gov .

The Regulations.gov Web site is the central online rulemaking
portal of the United States government. It is being offered as a public
service to increase participation in the Federal government's
regulatory activities. FSIS participates in Regulations.gov and will
accept comments on documents published on the site. The site allows
visitors to search by keyword or Department or Agency for rulemakings
that allow for public comment. Each entry provides a quick link to a
comment form so that visitors can type in their comments and submit
them to FSIS. The Web site is located at http://www.regulations.gov .

FSIS also will make copies of this Federal Register publication
available through the FSIS Constituent Update, which is used to provide
information regarding FSIS policies, procedures, regulations, Federal
Register notices, FSIS public meetings, recalls, and other types of
information that could affect or would be of interest to our
constituents and stakeholders. The update is communicated via Listserv,
a free e-mail subscription service consisting of industry, trade, and
farm groups, consumer interest groups, allied health professionals,
scientific professionals, and other individuals who have requested to
be included. The update also is available on the FSIS web page. Through
Listserv and the web page, FSIS is able to provide information to a
much broader, more diverse audience.

List of Subjects 9 CFR Part 327

Imports, Meat and meat products.


0
For the reasons set out in the preamble 9 CFR part 327 is amended as
follows:

PART 327--IMPORTED PRODUCTS

0
1. The authority citation for part 327 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 601-695; 7 CFR 2.18, 2.53.

0
2. Section 327.2 is amended by adding ``Slovakia'' with footnote 1 in
alphabetical order to the list of countries in paragraph (b) to read as
follows:


Sec. 327.2 Eligibility of foreign countries for importation of
products into the United States.

* * * * *
(b) * * *
Slovakia \1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

\1\ May export to the United States only processed meat food
products derived from animals slaughtered under Federal inspection
in the United States, or in a country eligible to export meat and
meat products to the United States.

Done at Washington, DC, on: February 3, 2005.
Barbara J. Masters,
Acting Administrator.
[FR Doc. 05-2389 Filed 2-7-05; 8:45 am]


http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20051800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2005/05-2389.htm


Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Slovakia

Impact Worksheet, October 9, 2001

Summary:

BSE was confirmed on October 4 in a 6-year old cow in Slovakia. The cow
was detected as part of regular sampling for BSE in slaughter cattle.
This is the first case of BSE in Slovakia.

Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds stocks in cattle,
goats, and sheep in 2000. Slovakias meat exports are minimal; however,
exports of live animals number in the tens of thousands. Destination
countries for the live animal exports were not specified. No products
that would be of risk for transmission of BSE were imported into the US
from Slovakia during 2000 or 2001. In 1998 and 1999, small quantities of
animals feeds were imported from Slovakia; however, it is not known
whether these feeds contained ruminant materials.

In December 1997, APHIS prohibited the importation of live ruminants and
most ruminant products from all of Europe including Slovakia. In
December 2000, import restrictions regarding BSE were expanded by
prohibiting all imports of rendered animal protein products, regardless
of species, from Europe.

How extensive is the outbreak of BSE in Slovakia?

It was reported by Reuters that BSE was confirmed on October 4 in a
6-year old cow in Slovakia. The cow was detected as part of regular
sampling for BSE in slaughter cattle. Confirmation was done by the
Research Laboratory for Viral Diseases of Animals in Tuebingen, Germany.
This is the first case of BSE in Slovakia.

Using trace-back, it was determined that the positive cow was
transported to the slaughterhouse on September 24, and originated from a
farm with about 200 cows, located in Horná Zdana in the Ziar nad Hronom
district. The district veterinary authorities immediately isolated the
farm and banned any movement of animals to and from the farm.

Source: OIE Weekly Disease Information Report, Sep 28, 2001; Reuters,
Oct 4, 2001

What actions has Slovakia taken to protect its livestock from BSE?

Imports of cattle, beef, and beef products from countries with BSE are
banned by Slovakia. However, it is not clear when this ban was enacted,
as small numbers of live cattle from France (which has had cases of BSE
since 1991) were imported as recently as 1999.

Meat and bone meal (MBM) has reportedly not been fed to ruminants for
many years because it is too expensive. Even so, a ban on the feeding of
MBM to ruminants was implemented in 1994. Some MBM for feeding to
non-ruminants has been imported, primarily from Austria.

Testing for BSE began in 1996. Brains were tested from cattle exhibiting
unusual behavior, cattle that are fallen, and emergency slaughter
cattle. Since the appearance of BSE in the Czech Republic in June 2001,
Slovakia has been testing all slaughtered cows aged over 30 months.

Source: USDA, FAS, Slovak Measure to Prevent BSE, Mar 2, 2001; Reuters,
Oct 4, 2001

What is Slovakias production and trade in affected animals and animal
products?

Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds stocks in cattle,
goats, and sheep in 2000 (Table 1). Slovakia exported 120,000 live
cattle, goats, and sheep in 1999. Destination countries for the live
animal exports were not specified. Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of
imports of cattle, goats, and sheep in 1999.

Table 1. Slovakias live animal stocks and imports and exports of live
animals.

Live Animal

2000 Stocks

Trade

1999 Exports

1999 Imports

Head

% World

Head

% World

Head

% World

Cattle

665,055

0.05

12,556

0.13

150

<0.01

Goats

51,075

<0.01

30,501

1.1

560

0.02

Sheep

340,346

0.03

77,246

0.43

810

<0.01

Slovakia had less than 0.1 percent of the worlds 2000 production of
beef and veal, mutton and lamb, and goat meat in 2000 (Table 2).
Slovakia also had less than 0.1 percent of world exports of beef and
veal, and mutton and lamb, and imports of beef and veal in 1999.
Quantities were not available for goat meat imports and exports or
mutton and lamb imports.

Table 2. Production and trade in relevant products by Slovakia.

Products

2000 Production

Trade

1999 Exports

1999 Imports

Metric ton

% World

Metric ton

% World

Metric ton

% World

Beef and Veal

42,932

0.08

144

<0.01

2,993

0.06

Mutton and Lamb1

1,476

0.02

109

0.01

-

-

Goat Meat1

110

<0.01

-

-

-

-

Source: United Nations FAO

1 Sheep and goats were included in Table 1 and Table 2 as affected
animals because USDA/APHIS includes all ruminants and ruminant products
in its restrictions pertaining to BSE.

What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from
Slovakia?

No products that would be of risk for transmission of BSE were imported
into the US from Slovakia during 2000 or 2001. Small quantities of
animals feeds were imported during 1998 and 1999; however, it is not
known whether these feeds contained ruminant materials (Table 3). Canada
and Mexico did not import any items of risk from Slovakia in 1998, 1999,
2000, or 2001.

Table 3. U.S. Imports from Slovakia

1998

1999

Value ($millions)

Quantity

Value ($millions)

Quantity

mixed feeds or mixed feed ingredients used in animal feedings, nesoi

0.350

114 metric tons

0.509

243 metric tons

preparations of a kind used in animal feeding, nesoi

0.000

0 kg

0.013

4,000 kg

Source: World Trade Atlas

Did the US have restrictions on ruminant imports from Slovakia prior to
this case?

In December 1997, APHIS prohibited the importation of live ruminants and
most ruminant products from all of Europe including Slovakia until a
thorough assessment of the risks of introduction of BSE into the US
could be made. Prior to December 1997, import restrictions were applied
only to those countries which had reported cases of BSE in native
animals. Also, importation of ruminant meat from BSE-affected countries
was permitted if the meat was deboned and free of visually identifiable
lymphatic and nervous tissue and if it met other restrictions. Import
regulations enacted December 1997 extended the import restrictions to
countries that had not had a declared case of BSE, yet had risk factors
for occurrence of BSE.

These regulatory changes also removed the provisions which allowed
importation of ruminant meat from the restricted countries, essentially
prohibiting the importation of ruminant meat from all of Europe. These
import restrictions also applied to bone meal, blood meal, meat meal,
offal, fat, glands, and serum from ruminants. In December 2000, APHIS
expanded its import restrictions regarding BSE by prohibiting all
imports of rendered animal protein products, regardless of species, from
Europe.

Source: USDA, APHIS, VS

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from Slovakia?

There were no direct flights from Slovakia to the US in fiscal year 2000.

Under APHIS-PPQs agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 42 air
passengers from Slovakia were sampled for items of agricultural interest
in fiscal year 2000. None of these passengers were carrying meat
(non-pork) items that could potentially harbor the pathogen(s) that
cause BSE.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

CEIs plans for follow up:

CEI is trying to ascertain the destination countries of Slovakias live
animal exports and will send out a brief message with this information.
If you need more information or want to comment on this worksheet, you
may reply to this message or contact Ken Geter at (970) 490-7817 or
Chris Kopral at (970) 490-7819.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/IW_2001_files/bse_slovakia1001.htm

FUNNY how when the USA did not have a documented case
of BSE, NOTHING was acceptable in relations to trade
with a BSE country. NOW North America is well documented
as being BSE contaminated, and NOW the USA wants to
change the rules to import and export TSEs freely.
TALK about flip flopping...TSS

NOW, WHAT ABOUT THE BSE GBR OF SLOVAKIA;

Opinion of the
Scientific Steering Committee
on the
GEOGRAPHICAL RISK OF
BOVINE SPONGIFORM
ENCEPHALOPATHY (GBR) in the
SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Adopted on 30/03/2001
Opinion of the Scientific Steering Committee on the
GEOGRAPHICAL RISK OF BOVINE SPONGIFORM
ENCEPHALOPATHY (GBR)
in the Slovak Republic
THE QUESTION
The Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) was asked by the Commission to express
its scientific opinion on the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR), i.e. the likelihood of
the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well
as clinically, at a given point in time, in a number of Third Countries.
This opinion addresses the GBR of Slovak Republic.
THE BACKGROUND
In December 1997 the SSC expressed its first opinion on Specified Risk Materials
where it stated, inter alia, that the list of SRM could probably be modulated in the
light of the species, the age and the geographical origin of the animals in question.
In June 2000 the European Commission adopted a Decision on SRM
(2000/418/EC), prohibiting the import of SRM from all Third Countries that have
not been "satisfactorily" assessed with regard to their BSE-Risk.
This opinion concerns only one country, the Slovak Republic. The Commission
requested this opinion as essential input into its Decision concerning the treatment
of SRM that will be requested from the Slovak Republic. It is recommended that
this opinion on the Slovak Republic is read in the light of the GBR of the SSC of
July 2000.
In September 2000 the Commission invited 46 Third Countries, which are
authorised to export products to the EU that are listed in annex II to the above
mentioned SRM-Decision, to provide a dossier for the assessment of their GBR.
Until today 36 dossiers have been received, 6 are already assessed, and 30 are in
different state of assessment.
This opinion concerns only one country, Slovak Republic. The Commission
requested this opinion as essential input into its Decision concerning the treatment
of SRM that will be requested from Slovak Republic. It is recommended that this
opinion on the Slovak Republic is read in the light of the GBR of the SSC of July
2000.
The SSC is concerned that the available information was not confirmed by
inspection missions as they are performed by the FVO in the Member States. It
recommends that BSE-related aspects are included in the program of future
inspection missions, as far as feasible.
THE ANALYSIS
Czechoslovakia was exposed to a high external challenge from 1988-1992
(insufficient data on cattle imports before 88 and on MBM imports before 86).
According to EUROSTAT data, during that period, in total 6,459 live cattle were
exported to Czechoslovakia from FR, BE, NL, DK, and DE. During 1986-1990, in
total 5,950 tonnes of MBM were exported from FR and in total 6,887 tonnes
exported from DE, FR and BE, during 1991-1992.
Since 1993 the Slovak Republic is independent and the external challenge has
been high since 1993, mainly due to MBM-imports from France, Germany,
Belgium and NL (around 3,000 tonnes in total).
On the basis of information provided by the Czech Republic and by the Slovak
Republic, between 1980 and 1992, the BSE/cattle system of Czechoslovakia is
assessed as very unstable.
The BSE/cattle system of Slovak Republic was very unstable until 1997 and is
neutrally stable since 1998.
Feeding ruminant MBM to cattle was not allowed in the Slovak Republic (due to
feed standards). This was reaffirmed by adopting specific Veterinary regulations in
1994. Feeding cattle with MBM was not allowed either. This was reaffirmed by
adopting specific Veterinary regulations in 1997. Analytical feed controls only
started in 1998 in very small numbers. Voluntary feeding was very unlikely but
cross-contamination cannot be excluded. Rendering is apparently done under
conditions that are able to reduce BSE-infectivity but no evidence is provided
concerning controls. There is no SRM ban and the material is normally rendered.
It is concluded that it is likely but not confirmed that one or several cattle that are
(pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE agent are currently present in
the domestic herd of the Slovak Republic (GBR III).
Given the very unstable system and the fact that the BSE-agent is likely to be
already present in the country due to live cattle and MBM imports, it is assumed
that the GBR is increasing.
A summary of the reasons for the current assessment is given in annex 1 to this
opinion.
A detailed report on the assessment of the GBR of Slovak Republic is published
separately on the Internet. It was produced by the GBR-task force of the SSCsecretariat
and peer reviewed by the GBR-Peer group. The country had two
opportunities to comment on different drafts of the report before the SSC took both,
the report and the comments, into account for producing this opinion. The SSC
appreciates the good co-operation of the countrys authorities.
ANNEX 1
Slovak Republic  Summary of the GBR-Assessment, March 2001
EXTERNAL CHALLENGE STABILITY INTERACTION of EXTERNAL
CHALLENGE and STABILITY
1980-87: Not addressed *;
1988-92: HIGH; 1993-99: HIGH.
1980-1997: VERY UNSTABLE;
1998-2000: NEUTRALLY UNSTABLE.
GBRLevel
Live Cattle
imports MBM imports Feeding Rendering SRM-removal Surveillance, crosscontamination
III
Before 1993, the very unstable
system of Czechoslovakia was
exposed to a high external challenge
(MBM imports). It is likely that an
internal challenge occurred. Since
1993, the still very unstable system
of the Slovak Republic was again
exposed to a high external challenge.
Without imports GBR will decrease
over time, due to absence of
recycling.
GBRtrend
INTERNAL CHALLENGE
?
Before 1993
(Czechoslovakia):
6,459 live cattle
exported mainly
from DE, FR, DK
(EUROSTAT data,
imports from UK
negligible)
Country dossier
indicates 877
animals imported
into the current
territory of SKR.
Since 1993 (Slovak
Republic):
Around 6,000
animals imported
mainly from DE, NL
and FR
(EUROSTAT).
Before 1993:
In total around
6900 t mainly
from FR and DE
(EUROSTAT).
Since 1993:
Around 3,000 t
imported mainly
from DE and
BE/Lux.
Not OK 1980-1997,
Reasonably OK
1998-2000
Before 1994, not
included officially in
feed recipes but no
evidence for control.
RMBM ban in 94
and a MMBM ban in
97.
Analytical controls
started in 98.
Reasonably
OK 1980-
1997, OK
since 1998
Rendering
done
according to
113°C / 20 min
/ 3 bars
standard
Evidence of
controls start
in 98.
Not OK
No SRM ban.
SRM normally
rendered for
feed
production.
BSE surveillance:
Notification of BSE
compulsory since
1993. Surveillance
improved since 2001.
Cross-contamination:
Could occur due to
insufficient controls.
Since 1988 internal challenge was likely
to be present and growing.
* Data insufficient

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/ssc/out183_en.pdf

>* Data insufficient


I KEEP SAYING IT SIMPLY IS NOT ABOUT SCIENCE ANYMORE.
it's all about TRADE, and it does not matter to USA
OFFICIALS if TSEs are involved in that trade...

TSS

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