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From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. (
Date: January 12, 2005 at 3:55 pm PST

-------- Original Message --------
Date: Wed, 12 Jan 2005 17:07:40 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Where is Chronic Wasting Disease?

State has tested positive for CWD in wild deer

State has tested positive for CWD in wild elk

State has tested positive for CWD in farmed cervids

New Mexico


New Mexico Department of Game and Fish
Phone Number: (505) 476-8000
Website Address:

Chronic Wasting Disease was found in one deer near the White Sands
Missile Range which is in Unit 19 of the New Mexico Big Game Units.

2-14-03 UPDATE: Two more deer have tested positive for chronic wasting
disease.The two positives were from samples collected during the early
January muzzleloader hunt in the Organ Mountains. Seven deer were
harvested in that area and all animals were checked by Game and Fish
personnel for CWD testing.

2-4-2003 UPDATE: Chronic Wasting Disease has been found in three more
mule deer from White Sands Missile Range. One positive animal was tested
in December via a new tonsil biopsy technique that allows healthy deer
to remain alive. After the positive result on the tonsil tissue, the
animal, which was given a radio collar, was killed. Two positive animals
were tested through routine collection during the fall. Examination of
their brain stems discovered they were infected with CWD.





Colorado Division of Wildlife
Phone Number: (303) 291-7157
Website Address:

Chronic Wasting Disease was found in Colorado around the following
cities/counties: Rangely, Louvier, Routt County, Craig, Meeker, Buford,
Rio Blanco County, Grand County, Middle Park, Summit County, Hayden,
Collbran, Jefferson County (10 miles south of Boulder), and Pagoda.




Wyoming Game and Fish Department
Phone Number: (307) 777-4600
Website Address:

In Wyoming, CWD has been found in Albany, Platte, Laramie, Goshen,
Carbon, Converse, and Natrona counties.

1-28-03 UPDATE : Four more deer tested positive for CWD. Three of the
mule deer were harvested in the southeast corner of Hunt Area 34 just
northwest of Casper. The fourth deer was harvested in Deer Hunt Area 75
northwest of Laramie .




Nebraska Game Commission
Phone Number: (402) 471-0641
Website Address:

Nebraska has found CWD around Sioux, Scotts Bluff, Kimbell, and Cheyenne

Wisconsin :



Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources
Phone Number: (608)266-2621
Website Address:

Wisconsin has tested deer and elk through out the state and found
positive CWD results in Dane and Iowa counties.

South Dakota




South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks
Phone Number: (605) 394-2391
Website Address:

South Dakota has found CWD in Pennington, McPhearson, Fall River and
Custar counties.



Illinois Department of Natural Resources: Division of Wildlife Resources
Phone Number: (217) 785-8686
Website Address:

One deer tested positive for CWD in Winnebago County.




Saskatchewan Wildlife Department
Phone Number: (306) 787-2309
Website Address:

Four cases of CWD have been detected in Saskatchewan. Three cases were
in Lloydminster and one case in northwest Saskatchewans' Landing
Provincial Park.

Kansas Wildlife Department


Kansas Wildlife Department
Phone Number: (785) 296-2281
Website Address:

A d omestic elk herd was euthanized after testing positive for Chronic
Wasting Disease. Kansas Wildlife Department still conducts CWD testing
and has not found any other positive cases.

Oklahoma Wildlife Department


Oklahoma Wildlife Department
Phone Number: (405) 521-3852
Website Address:

Chronic Wasting Disease was found in farmed cervids in Oklahoma. That
herd was euthenized. Oklahoma Wildlife Department is conducting CWD
testing, however, has yet to find another case of Chronic Wasting Disease.



Phone Number: (406) 994-6341
Website Address:



Phone Number: (652) 296-6157
Website Address:

One positive case of CWD was discovered in a Minnesota elk farm in
August 2002. The positive case was in Atkin County.



Alberta Fish and Game Association
Phone Number: (780) 437-2342
Website Address:

One farmed elk, northwest of Edmonton, tested positive in the summer of
2002, the whole herd was euthanized. Approximately two months ago a
farmed deer tested positive for CWD. This herd is currently awaiting



Utah Division of Wildlife Resources
Salt Lake Office, (801) 538-4700
SE Region, (435) 636-0260
Central Region, (801) 491-5678
NE Region, (435) 781-9453
Southern Region, (435) 865-6100
Northern Region, (801) 476-2740

6-2-03 UPDATE: An adult female deer from southeastern Utah has tested
positive for chronic wasting disease. The deer had been acting sick, so
when it died, its carcass was submitted for testing. The deer died in an
agricultural field on the west side of the LaSal Mountains in
southeastern Utah, about ten miles from Moab.

A deer harvested by a hunter in the fall on Diamond Mountain north of

Colorado Division of Wildlife
2004 Submission and Testing as of January 3, 2005
Fall 2004 Hunting Seasons Submission Numbers
Test results are final for the period August 28, 2004 through December
20, 2005
Between August 28, 2004 (opening of archery deer and elk season) and
January 5, 2005, when all heads
through the end of regular rifle seasons and some late seasons would be
expected to have been submitted;
hunters submitted 12,460 deer, elk, and moose heads for CWD testing.
This compares to 15,700 deer, elk, and
moose heads submitted by hunters during the same time period in 2003.
The species breakdown for this time
period is: 5,517 deer (5,327 mule deer and 190 white-tailed deer), 6,842
elk, and 101 moose. The 2003 breakdown
for the same time period was 7,305 deer (6,984 mule deer and 327
white-tailed deer); 8,287 elk, and 102 moose.
Most of the decrease in submissions (2,396 of 3,240) are deer (1,627
fewer - 61.7% decrease) and elk (769 fewer -
61.7% decrease) from the northeastern portion of the state. This area
changed from mandatory to voluntary
submission in 2004. Submissions were down slightly in the remainder of
the state for elk (by 9.6% - 676 fewer) and
deer (by 3.6% -167 fewer).
CWD has been detected in 135 animals (112 mule deer, 3 white-tailed
deer, and 20 elk), including 31 mule deer
and 14 elk from outside the established area in northeastern Colorado.
Locations of 2004 Cases
Most of this years cases of CWD come from units where the disease was
previously detected. The disease has
not been detected in any new DAU's (Data Analysis Units).
New GMUs in 2004 within DAUs where CWD has previously been detected
are: GMU 461 (October) - 1 elk
(detected the disease in 1 deer in 2003); GMU 14 (December) - 3 elk.
Summary list of cases detected by species and GMU** (note: changes since
last update are in bold italics):
2004 Mule Deer Cases by GMU, all sources
GMU 4 - 1 male, 1
GMU 15 - 1 male GMU 38 - 2 males GMU 211 - 1 male
GMU 6 - 1 male GMU 18 - 3 males, 1 female GMU 51- 1 male GMU 391 - 1 male
GMU 7 - 1 male, 1
GMU 19 - 6 males, 1 female GMU 91 - 1 male GMU 421 - 1 yearling
GMU 8 - 2 males GMU 20 - 18 males, 11 females GMU 92 - 1 female GMU 441
- 1 female
GMU 9 - 5 males, 3
GMU 22 - 1 male GMU 94 - 1 male GMU 461 - 1 female
GMU 10 - 1 male,
1 female
GMU 27 - 1 male GMU 95 - 3 males, 3 females GMU 951 - 1 male
GMU 11 - 1 female GMU 29 - 5 males, 4 females GMU 171 - 1 male GMU
unverifiable (likely
GMU 38) - 1 male
GMU 12 - 6 males GMU 36 - 2 males GMU 191 - 12 males, 2 females
2004 White-tailed Deer by GMU, all sources
GMU 91 - 1 male GMU 95 - 1 female GMU 951 - 1 male
2004 Elk Cases by GMU, all sources
GMU 461 - 1 female GMU 14 - 1 male, 2 females GMU 20 - 2 females GMU 231
- 1 male
GMU 9 - 1 male, 1 female GMU 18 - 3 males, 1 female GMU 24 - 1 male, 1
female GMU 461 - 1 female
GMU 12 - 2 males GMU 19 - 1 female GMU 181 - 1 female
Summary total of 2004 CWD cases detected to date**:
Species Inside "Established" Area Outside "Established" Area Totals
Mule Deer 81 31 112
White-Tailed Deer 3 0 3
Elk 6 14 20
Moose 0 0 0
Totals: 90 45 135
**Summaries of positives includes all sources (hunter harvest + all
other submissions).
Mandatory Moose Submission: To date, 101 moose have been submitted by
hunters for testing in 2004. A total
of 109 moose have been tested in 2004. CWD has not been detected in
free-ranging moose.

2003 CWD Management in Brief
Fall 2004
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

2003 CWD Management in Brief
Disease Surveillance
During the 2003-04 deer hunting season, the DNR collected deer
samples from the disease eradication zone (DEZ), intensive harvest
zone (IHZ) and herd reduction zone (HRZ). Additional samples were
collected from select counties outside of CWD zones to meet overall
surveillance goals and in areas considered high risk because of
proximity to CWD-infected deer across the Illinois border or CWDinfected
deer/elk farms.
Overall, the DNR collected 8346 deer from the IHZ and DEZ, 4085
from the HRZ, and 2594 from other areas of the state this past season.
As of July 20, 115 wild deer tested positive for CWD from the 2003
seasons. The breakdown was 106 from the DEZ/IHZ in southwest
Wisconsin, fi ve from the DEZ in Rock County, and two from the Herd
Reduction Zone in Rock County.
Two CWD-positive deer were shot outside of an established CWD
zone, one each in Kenosha and Walworth counties. Both counties
were considered at high risk for the disease because of their proximity
to CWD-positive deer in Illinois. The DEZ and HRZ were expanded for
this upcoming hunting season to incorporate these new positives.
Disease surveillance continues to be a critical part of CWD management.
Test results from deer samples provide crucial information
and guide future management. A summary of surveillance results
to date is available on the DNR Web site,, under Chronic
Wasting Disease in Wisconsin.
Testing developments
During the 2002 and 2003 deer hunting seasons Wisconsin used the
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) test to confi rm presence of CWD in
deer. IHC has been the gold standard for CWD tests for a number of
years and while a very accurate test, it takes more time to complete
than some newer tests. When every sample was tested using IHC,
hunters had to wait up to three months or more for test results.
In 2003, our in-state testing labthe Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic
Laboratory (WVDL)began using a pre-IHC screening test, known
as an ELISA test, to identify suspect CWD-positive samples. Suspect
positives were then tested using the IHC technique for the fi nal say.
The screening test was able to process samples much faster. Most
hunters received test results in a few weeks.
As before, hunters will receive a postcard if their deer tests negative
and a phone call if the result is positive. Results will also be posted
on the Internet at
Learn and Adapt
The DNR continued its learn and adapt approach to CWD management
in 2003. As research and CWD testing results are completed and
more is learned about the disease in Wisconsin, CWD management
and strategies to eradicate CWD will be fi ne-tuned.
Citizen and stakeholder concerns are important, said Tom Hauge.
DNRs director of wildlife management. Weve attempted to listen
to you and your concerns when developing tools to manage CWD
and we intend to continue that effort.
Continued on page 2, CWD Management in Brief
Number of CWD-Positive deer found in Wisconsins
Disease Eradication Zones
Records of the location of CWD-positive deer show the majority
of CWD-positive deer coming from an area in western Dane and
eastern Iowa counties.
Fall 2004
PUB-CE-458 2004
C W D hronic asting isease
from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Eastern Disease Eradication Zone
Western Disease Eradication Zone

snip...FULL TEXT 8 pages ;



As of 1-10-2005

2,586 total samples collected since July 1, 2004:

* 646 elk
* 721 mule deer
* 1,219 white-tailed deer

All samples are from the Black Hills and from prairie hunting units in
Fall River, Custer, and eastern Pennington counties of western South
Dakota. Most samples were taken from hunter-harvested animals.


As of 1-10-2005 we have received results from the SDSU Diagnostic Lab on
2,511 samples:

* 633 Elk
* 685 mule deer
* 1,193 white-tailed deer

We are waiting for results on 75 samples that have been sent in.

Of the 2,511 samples that we have received results from, we have found 3
CWD positive deer. Below is a summary of these animals:

1. POS-white-tailed deer male from Unit 327B in Fall River County.
(Hunter Harvest)
2. POS-mule deer male from Unit 327B in Fall River County. (Hunter
3. POS-white-tailed deer male from unit 327B in Fall River County.
(Hunter Harvest)

In Summary:

South Dakota has found 3 cases of CWD (3 deer) in free ranging animals
in the testing period of July 1, 2004 to January 10, 2005.

To date, South Dakota has found 25 cases of CWD (20 deer and 5 elk) in
free ranging deer and elk since testing began in 1997-1998. Wind Cave
National Park accounts for 8 of these animals (3 elk, 5 deer). A total
of 8,945 wild deer and elk have been tested for CWD since 1997-1998.

* Hunters may get their animal tested for chronic wasting disease by
making their own arrangements directly through the SDSU Diagnostic
Lab at (605) 688-5171.

Updated Thursday, June 10, 2004

2004 chronic wasting disease sample units

2003 chronic wasting disease sample units

2003 CWD collection summary

Sample units 2002 samples obtained 2003 samples obtained 200203 useable
samples Total positives
all year
2,3,4 125 270 395
5,6,7 26 284 310
8,9 447 561 1,008 4
10,11 170 269 439
13 141 244 385 6
14 119 175 294
16 16 549 565 1
17 5 411 416
23,24,25 10 406 416
Other units 51 50
Totals 1,059 3,220 4,278 11

2003 testing results

* Not definitive: 2
* Not detected: 3,199
* Pending: 0
* Positive: 9*
* Unsuitable: 10
* Total: 3,220

*2 positives are from 200203 previous sampling efforts

Modified Friday, November 26, 2004

Chronic wasting disease threatens Utah's deer & elk

News releases:

* Sept. 10, 2004: Buck deer in SE Utah tests positive for CWD

* Dec. 15, 2003: CWD appears to be centered in two eastern Utah
* Dec. 4, 2003: Two more deer test positive for chronic wasting
* Nov. 10, 2003: Deer taken during rifle hunt tests positive for CWD

* Sept. 18, 2003: CWD found in Sanpete County

* Sept. 17, 2003: Two more eastern Utah deer test positive for CWD

* May 21, 2003: Second Utah deer tests positive for CWD

* Feb. 18, 2003: Chronic Wasting Disease found in NE Utah

* Sept. 17, 2002: Wildlife Board acts to head off CWD at Utah border

Sample results : Check CWD
results on already submitted samples.

Boise, ID

Date: December 21, 2004
Contact: Ed Mitchell
(208) 334-3700

fish and game notified of cwd kill from wyoming

A national surveillance program that encourages states to exchange
information on Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) cases has proved its worth
in an incident involving an Idaho deer hunter.

The Idaho resident hunted in Wyoming, killing a mule deer which he
brought back to eastern Idaho. The hunter submitted tissue from the deer
in a voluntary surveillance program operated by Wyoming Game and Fish.

When indicators of CWD was found in the deer, Wyoming authorities
notified the hunter and Idaho Fish and Game.

Idaho big game manager Brad Compton said the department had made contact
with the hunter and found out where he had disposed of the deer carcass.
A Fish and Game biologist was assigned December 20 to retrieve the
carcass for disposal. Compton noted that Fish and Game will continue to
make every reasonable effort to "minimize the risk to our deer and elk
populations." While Idahoans have been bringing home deer and elk killed
in Wyoming for years, the surveillance program enables Idaho to increase
its vigilance in preventing the disease.

CWD affects the brains and nervous systems of deer and elk. It is
believed to be caused by an errant protein called a prion.

Wyoming has known about CWD in certain deer herds for more than 30
years. Idaho has so far never detected the disease in any deer or elk
but has increased its surveillance dramatically in recent years. Idaho
Fish and Game employees sample deer in check stations for CWD and look
for it in animals killed outside hunting seasons, such as roadkills.
Scrutiny is most intense along the Idaho -Wyoming border.

Though CWD has drawn much attention from hunters and wildlife
authorities in recent years, the World Health Organization has said that
no connection to human disease has been made.

For Immediate Release
Contact: Michelle Zitek (307) 745-4046 September 24, 2004
Game wardens, wildlife biologists and other Wyoming Game & Fish
Department personnel hope to collect 4,000 chronic wasting disease (CWD)
samples from harvested deer and elk this fall.
Collecting samples from hunters allows the department to document the
distribution and prevalence of the disease, says Bob Lanka, Laramie
Regions wildlife coordinator. This is one piece of the puzzle managers
use when making decisions about the best way to manage CWD in Wyoming.
CWD sampling sites can be found by contacting your local Wyoming Game &
Fish Office.
Participation in this effort is voluntary, but hunters who participate
will be provided with the results of the test free of charge. Results
will be available on the Department website about 6 weeks after samples
are submitted.
Testing is for surveillance of CWD only and not for meat quality
assurance, says Lanka.
Hunters who opt to submit samples on their own may submit their deer
heads to the Wyoming State Vet Lab in Laramie. Hunters opting for this
method of testing will need to pay lab fees and other sampling and
shipping costs.
After a review of available scientific data, the World Health
Organization in December of 1999, stated, There is currently no
evidence that CWD in cervidae (deer and elk) is transmitted to humans.
In a more recent article (2004), Dr. Ermias Belay of the Center for
Disease Control said, The lack of evidence of a link between CWD
transmission and unusual cases of CJD [Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a
human prion disease], despite several epidemiologic
investigations,&suggest that the risk, if any, of transmission of CWD to
humans is low. Nonetheless to avoid any risk, both organizations say
parts or products from any animal that looks sick or tests positive for
CWD or other TSEs should not be eaten.
When presenting a deer for sampling, the hunters name, address, phone
number, hunt area/license type, license number, harvest date, specific
harvest location, (GPS or Township, Range, Section) sex, age and species
of deer is required.
Research has yet to identify all of the potential modes of CWD
transmission. Recently it has been determined that intact carcasses from
deer that have died of CWD, can spread the disease to healthy deer. If
this is true, hunters may reduce the spread of CWD by properly disposing
of deer carcasses that are harvested from areas where CWD has been
found. Transport and disposal recommendations are printed in red in deer
and elk regulations.
For more information on chronic wasting disease visit the Departments
website at

New CWD Hunt Areas Found



Arrow Image 1997 - 2002 CWD Surveillance Table!

CWD Zones for Deer and Elk
Arrow Image Adobe Logo CWD Zones for Deer and Elk

Previous CWD Results
Arrow Image Adobe Logo 2003 CWD
Events Summary
Arrow Image
Adobe Logo 2003 CWD Final Report

Arrow Image 2003 CWD Surveillance Information

Arrow Image 2002 CWD Surveillance is Complete!

Arrow Image Carcass Transport and Disposal - 2004 Recommendations

Arrow Image Chronic Wasting Disease Management Plan - 2003

Arrow Image Chronic Wasting Disease Article - Chris Madson, et. al - Oct


Locations of CWD-Positive Deer:

December 2004
(.jpg file) or
.pdf file
* April 2004 (.pdf file)

Status of Chronic Wasting Disease as of 2003


News Release

September 13, 2004

Environment - 545


Saskatchewan is stepping up its fight against chronic wasting disease (CWD)
with a three-pronged approach.

Beginning immediately, Saskatchewan Environment will implement the following

∑ Implement an intensive program testing the heads of white-tailed and mule
deer taken by hunters from the areas where the disease has been found, rather
than testing samples from all over the province.

∑ Reduce the deer population in the areas where the disease has been found.
Current science says the best way to stop the spread of CWD is through an
intensive herd reduction program in the affected areas.

∑ More planning for the future, which may include spot sampling around the
province and intensive sampling along the edges of infected areas to determine
if CWD is spreading. It will also include continuous, intensive, herd
reduction in the affected areas.

"We know that chronic wasting disease is in the province and our tests have
shown that it appears to be limited to three distinct areas on the western
side of the province," Environment Minister David Forbes said. "Our challenge
now is finding ways to protect the rest of the province's deer while using our
budget dollars in the most effective way possible. The bottom line is that we
have to try to stop the disease from spreading further."

Saskatchewan Environment has established three Herd Reduction Areas; the South
Saskatchewan River corridor near Swift Current, the Manitou Sand Hills and a
portion of the Bronson Forest including an area northwest of St. Walburg.

For fall 2004 hunters will be offered free CWD control permits for use in the
Herd Reduction Areas. While the control permits are valid for antlerless
white-tailed and/or mule deer, once a hunter has killed two deer, he or she
qualifies for a free either-sex control permit. Hunters may repeat the process
as many times as they wish. Control permits will be available on September
24th, and will be valid between October 1st and December 31st, except in the
Manitou Sandhills and the Matador Pasture where grazing requirements have
resulted in a November 1st start. Hunters are reminded that they must buy a
2004 Wildlife Habitat Certificate to validate their CWD control permits.

"We appreciate the vital role hunters and landowners play in combating chronic
wasting disease," Forbes said. "Hunters have helped with previous testing and
herd reduction programs and landowners have allowed hunters access to their
property. We appreciate their co-operation."

Hunters who obtain free CWD control permits may submit head samples from
animals harvested from the Herd Reduction Areas through designated collection
points or Saskatchewan Environment offices. Only samples taken on a CWD
control permit will be tested, free-of-charge, by Saskatchewan Environment.

Head samples from other areas of the province, including those taken on a draw
licence or a regular licence in a Herd Reduction Area, are not required for
the 2004 chronic wasting disease control program.

Hunters who harvest an animal from outside the Herd Reduction Areas or on a
regular or draw licence and wish to have their samples tested for CWD should
take their samples to Prairie Diagnostic Services in Saskatoon or Regina.
Hunters will be responsible for transporting their samples and for paying a
$90 testing fee.

Since 1997, Saskatchewan Environment has found 34 cases of CWD in 16,400
samples. Current science indicates CWD is not transferable to humans or to
traditional livestock.


For More Information, Contact:

Dave Brewster
Phone: (306) 787-9031 Art Jones
Phone: (306) 787-5796

>Current science indicates CWD is not transferable to humans or to
>traditional livestock.

ON the contrary, CWD transmits to primates, cattle and sheep.
CWD TEST have NEVER been performed on humans...


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