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From: TSS (216-119-144-95.ipset24.wt.net)
Subject: Beef in Bulgaria not properly tested for mad cow disease: expert
Date: November 5, 2004 at 11:32 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Beef in Bulgaria not properly tested for mad cow disease: expert
Date: Fri, 5 Nov 2004 13:32:04 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Beef in Bulgaria not properly tested for mad cow disease: expert

*
*

05/11/2004

Beef sold in Bulgaria since June 2004 has not been certified free of mad
cow disease because the test used is not officially recognised by the
European Union, mad-cow expert Roumen Valchovski said Friday.

"Beef and sheep meat has been tested but certificates were not issued
due to the fact that the test used has not been officially recognised by
the European Union. Tons of meat went to the market in violation of
European norms", Valchovski, a virus expert and medical doctor, told AFP.

Since 2001 Bulgaria has been using one of five tests approved by the
European Commission. In June 2004 the country switched to a Dutch test
not yet recognised by the commission's veterinary control service.

In an interview in the Bulgarian newspaper Troud, the director of
Bulgaria's laboratory for detecting mad cow, or bovine spongiform
encephalopathy (BSE), Raiko Pechev said the Dutch test was "more
precise, more rapid" than tests already approved by the EU and "is in
its last stage of EU pre-certification trials".

Kiril Kirov, director of the government's veterinary service, told the
newspaper 168 hours that "the import and the usage of the Dutch test is
a violation of EU requirements".

"The use of a test, which has not been approved either in Holland or in
any other EU country is a time-bomb", Roumen Petkov, director of the
state's food veterinary control service told AFP.

"Nobody can keep their eyes shut anymore about such a serious problem.
We are now awaiting the results of a police investigation of the case in
order to find out who should be held responsible", deputy agriculture
minister Boiko Boev told 168 hours.

In the mid 1990s the British government announced a probable link
between BSE and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD), the human form
of mad cow disease, which can cause personality change, loss of body
function, and eventually death.

No cases of mad cow disease have been registered in Bulgaria, where beef
meat began to be closely examined for the disease in 2001.

http://www.eubusiness.com/afp/041105151647.wc9hbgzi

- 1 -
Opinion of the
Scientific Steering Committee
on the
GEOGRAPHICAL RISK OF
BOVINE SPONGIFORM
ENCEPHALOPATHY (GBR) in
Bulgaria
Adopted by the SSC on 27 June 2002

THE QUESTION
The Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) was asked by the Commission to
provide an up-to-date
scientific opinion on the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR), i.e. the
likelihood of the presence of one
or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as
clinically, in countries that have
formally requested the determination of their BSE status in accordance
with Article 5 of the
Regulation (EC) No 999/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
This opinion addresses the up-to-date GBR of Bulgaria as assessed in
June 2002.
THE ANSWER
A risk that BSE infectivity entered processing in Bulgaria first existed
about 3 years after the
import of breeding cattle from Switzerland, Germany and France in the
early and mid 80s. Any
infectivity that entered processing was probably recycled and amplified
by the extremely unstable
(later very unstable) system.
It is therefore concluded that it is likely but not confirmed that at
least one domestic cattle in
Bulgaria is (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent
(GBR III).

FULL TEXT;

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/ssc/out271b_en.pdf

TSS

################# BSE-L-subscribe-request@uni-karlsruhe.de #################





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