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From: TSS (216-119-132-46.ipset12.wt.net)
Subject: TSE ATYPICAL VERMONT SHEEP BLUNDER USA
Date: October 28, 2004 at 9:50 am PST

In Reply to: TSE IN GOATS posted by TSS on October 28, 2004 at 9:46 am:

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: SCRAPIE ''ATYPICAL'' TSE IN SHEEP VERMONT UPDATE 2004
Date: Thu, 17 Jun 2004 14:06:38 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."


SCRAPIE ''ATYPICAL'' TSE IN SHEEP VERMONT UPDATE 2004

Greetings,

IN the year 2000, some sheep in Vermont were confiscated due to what
the USDA/APHIS said was an 'atypical TSE'.

WE were told there would be additional testing to confirm exactly what
TSE we were dealing with;

Release No. 0141.02

Ed Curlett (301) 734-3256
Jerry Redding (202) 720-6959


TESTING TO CONTINUE ON IMPORTED SHEEP CONFISCATED LAST YEAR


WASHINGTON, April 11, 2002 ‑‑ The U.S. Department of Agriculture today announced that tests conducted on a flock of sheep confiscated last year from a farm in Vermont confirm that two of the 125 sheep tested positive for an atypical undifferentiated transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of foreign origin. The flock of 125 sheep was confiscated in March 2001 after four animals from an associated flock tested positive for TSE in July 2000. USDA will continue to conduct additional tests to determine the type of TSE in these sheep.

"These results confirm our previous conclusions were correct and that we took the appropriate preventative actions in confiscating these animals," said Bobby Acord, administrator of USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. "USDA’s actions to confiscate, sample and destroy these sheep were on target. As a result of our vigilance, none of these confiscated animals entered the animal or human food supply."

The sheep, imported from Belgium and the Netherlands in 1996, were placed under certain federal restrictions when they entered the country as part of USDA's scrapie control efforts. In 1998, USDA learned that it was likely that sheep from Europe were exposed to feed contaminated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy. At that time, the state of Vermont, at the request of USDA, imposed a quarantine on these flocks, which prohibited slaughter or sale for breeding purposes.

On July 10, 2000, several sheep from the flock tested positive for a TSE, a class of degenerative neurological diseases that is characterized by a very long incubation period and a 100 percent mortality rate in infected sheep. Two of the better known varieties of TSE are scrapie in sheep and BSE in cattle. There is no evidence that scrapie poses a risk to human health.

On July 14, 2000, USDA issued a declaration of extraordinary emergency to acquire the sheep. This action was contested by the flock owners. A federal district court judge ruled in favor of USDA based on the merits of the case. The flock owners appealed to the Second Circuit Court requesting a stay, which was denied. The sheep were confiscated by USDA in March 2001 and transported to USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, where they were humanely euthanized. Tissue samples were collected from the sheep for diagnostic testing and USDA will continue with additional tests which could take up to 2 ‑ 3 years to complete. In all, USDA has acquired 380 sheep from a total of three flocks. All of the animals were humanely euthanized, sampled and disposed and did not enter the animal or human food supply.

Our goal continues to be to prevent, detect and eradicate foreign animal diseases to protect American agriculture, natural resources and consumers," said Acord. "We will continue to utilize the scientific results of these and other tests conducted during the last several years to strengthen our extensive surveillance, monitoring and prevention efforts."

For more information about USDA’s ongoing surveillance, monitoring and prevention efforts as it relates to this situation, please visit www.aphis.usda.gov/oa/tse/index.html


#


NOW, June 2004 those same test that we were told would start in
2002, have yet to be started. THE TSE those VERMONT sheep
was supposedly to have had, has yet to be confirmed.

WHY?

IGNORING the fact Scrapie does transmit to primates by their non forced consumption of known infectious scrapie tissues.

1: J Infect Dis 1980 Aug;142(2):205-8

Oral transmission of kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and scrapie to nonhuman primates.

Gibbs CJ Jr, Amyx HL, Bacote A, Masters CL, Gajdusek DC.

Kuru and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease of humans and scrapie disease of sheep and goats were transmitted to squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) that were exposed to the infectious agents only by their nonforced consumption of known infectious tissues. The asymptomatic incubation period in the one monkey exposed to the virus of kuru was 36 months; that in the two monkeys exposed to the virus of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was 23 and 27 months, respectively; and that in the two monkeys exposed to the virus of scrapie was 25 and 32 months, respectively. Careful physical examination of the buccal cavities of all of the monkeys failed to reveal signs or oral lesions. One additional monkey similarly exposed to kuru has remained asymptomatic during the 39 months that it has been under observation.

PMID: 6997404
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=6997404&dopt=Abstract

IGNORING the fact Scrapie transmission studies have never been done on man.

IGNORING the fact surveillance for TSE in man in the USA and other places
around the globe is terribly under funded and lacking in guidance. to date some
25 states make it reportable, with some states having an age bracket only documenting
the younger victims. leaving the door open to spread the agent through the medical and
surgical arena.

With the recent announcement of the UK contingency plan
for the emergence of naturally occurring BSE in sheep June 2004, and the
terrible implications for human health this would cause,
full text some 31 pages;

http://www.defra.gov.uk/corporate/consult/bseinsheep/bseinsheep.pdf

you would have thought that this would have been at the top of someone's
priority list. However, it does not look that way.

I ask again, WHY?

I wish to submit the following;

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Re: AW: [BSE-L] USDA did not test possible mad cows - Dr. Detwiler, what about those sheep?
Date: Sun, 13 Jun 2004 11:27:24 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@uni-karlsruhe.de
References: <13.2d20eaae.2df84fb9@aol.com> <40C8C7A0.1080107@wt.net>


######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########

Greetings list members,

Thought I should let the list know that Dr. Detwiler kindly replied to my
question about the delayed 'atypical' TSE testing in the Vermont sheep and
tried to explain what caused the delay. If I interpreted it correctly,
seems it was the fault of the U.K. ;

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Sheep
Date: Sat, 12 Jun 2004 14:26:04 EDT
From: LAVET22@aol.com
To: flounder@wt.net

Mr. Singeltary.

I hope this finds you well. As you are aware I left the USDA last
year. I can only update you on the sheep before that time. Contact was
established with the UK on doing the bioassay studies. They agreed.
However, we were prioritized after their own needs, hence the delay. I
am aware that there are now additional labs in Europe running the mouse
bioassay strain typing. You will have to contact USDA for further word.


Linda Detwiler
=========

My reply to Dr. Detwiler;


-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Re: Sheep
Date: Sat, 12 Jun 2004 13:53:57 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: LAVET22@aol.com
References: <54.2bd2ac1e.2dfca4bc@aol.com>

hello Dr. Detwiler,

thanks for your kind reply.

> However, we were prioritized after their own needs, hence the delay.


not sure i understand that?

> You will have to contact USDA for further word.


already done that, and there answer was;

>5/20/04
>

>Dear Mr. Singeltary,
>
>The Western blot tests on these animals were completed in April of this
>year. That means that we can begin the mouse inoculations. To get the
>results of the Western blot tests, you will need to submit a Freedom of
>Information Act request through our FOIA office. The FAX number there is
>301-734-5941.
>
>Have a nice day,
>
>Jim Rogers
>APHIS LPA
>

and with my previous attempts for information via the FOIA through
this administration (as you are probably very well aware of) they have
all been ignored/refused. so any further attempts would be fruitless i am
sure.

thanks anyway...

kindest regards,
Terry

LAVET22@aol.com wrote:

> Mr. Singeltary.

snip...

TSS

Terry S. Singeltary Sr. wrote:

> ######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
> #########
>
> Greetings Dr. Detwiler,
>
> glad to see you are still with us, you had become very silent lately.
> hope you are enjoying semi retirement.
>
> recently, i inquired through the BSE-L and via USDA official about
> those Vermont sheep via belgium which there was an Extraordinary
> Declaration of Emergency declared here in the USA due to
> atypical scrapie. The thread is;
>
> Confiscation of Sheep in Vermont and testing results ? Thu, 20 May 2004
> 12:10:03 -0500 "Terry S. Singeltary Sr." Bovine
> Spongiform Encephalopathy BSE-L
>
>
>
>> Imported
>> Belgium/Netherlands
>> Sheep Test Results
>> Background
>> Factsheet
>> Veterinary Services April 2002
>> APHIS
>
>
>
> snip...
>
>> Additional tests will be conducted to determine
>> exactly what TSE the animals haveBSE or scrapie.
>> These tests involve the use of bioassays that consist
>> of injecting mice with tissue from the infected animals
>> and waiting for them to develop disease. This testing
>> may take at least 2 to 3 years to complete.
>
>
>
> http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/pubs/fsheet_faq_notice/fs_ahvtsheeptr.pdf
>
> DECLARATION OF EXTRAORDINARY EMERGENCY BECAUSE OF AN ATYPICAL T.S.E.
> (PRION DISEASE) OF FOREIGN ORIGIN IN THE UNITED STATES
>
> http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2000_register&doci
>
> d=fr20jy00-32
>
>
> DECLARATION OF EXTRAORDINARY EMERGENCY BECAUSE OF AN ATYPICAL T.S.E
> (PRION DISEASE) OF FOREIGN ORIGIN IN THE UNITED STATES [2]
>
> http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2000_register&doci
>
> d=fr20jy00-31
>
>
> or if those old urls dont work, go here;
>
> DECLARATION OF EXTRAORDINARY EMERGENCY BECAUSE OF AN ATYPICAL T.S.E
> (PRION DISEASE) OF FOREIGN ORIGIN IN THE UNITED STATES
> - Terry S.
> Singeltary Sr. 7/20/00 (0)
>

[Federal Register: July 20, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 140)] [Notices] [Page 45018] >From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:fr20jy00-32]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

[Docket No. 00-072-1]

Declaration of Extraordinary Emergency Because of an Atypical Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (Prion Disease) of Foreign Origin

A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) (prion disease) of foreign origin has been detected in the United States. It is different from TSE's previously diagnosed in the United States. The TSE was detected in the progeny of imported sheep. The imported sheep and their progeny are under quarantine in Vermont. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are degenerative fatal diseases that can affect livestock. TSE's are caused by similar, as yet uncharacterized, agents that usually produce spongiform changes in the brain. Post-mortem analysis has indicated positive results for an atypical TSE of foreign origin in four sheep in Vermont. Because of the potentially serious consequences of allowing the disease to spread to other livestock in the United States, it is necessary to seize and dispose of those flocks of sheep in Vermont that are affected with or exposed to the disease, and their germ plasm. The existence of the atypical TSE of foreign origin represents a threat to U.S. livestock. It constitutes a real danger to the national economy and a potential serious burden on interstate and foreign commerce. The Department has reviewed the measures being taken by Vermont to quarantine and regulate the flocks in question and has consulted with appropriate officials in the State of Vermont. Based on such review and consultation, the Department has determined that Vermont does not have the funds to compensate flock owners for the seizure and disposal of flocks affected with or exposed to the disease, and their germ plasm. Without such funds, it will be unlikely to achieve expeditious disposal of the flocks and germ plasm. Therefore, the Department has determined that an extraordinary emergency exists because of the existence of the atypical TSE in Vermont. This declaration of extraordinary emergency authorizes the Secretary to seize, quarantine, and dispose of, in such manner as he deems necessary, any animals that he finds are affected with or exposed to the disease in question, and their germ plasm, and otherwise to carry out the provisions and purposes of the Act of July 2, 1962 (21 U.S.C. 134-134h). The State of Vermont has been informed of these facts.

Dated: This declaration of extraordinary emergency shall become effective July 14, 2000. Dan Glickman, Secretary of Agriculture. [FR Doc. 00-18367 Filed 7-19-00; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410-34-P

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname= 2000_register&docid=fr20jy00-32 ================================ [Federal Register: July 20, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 140)] [Notices] [Page 45018] >From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:fr20jy00-31]

======================================================================== Notices Federal Register ________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency statements of organization and functions are examples of documents appearing in this section.

========================================================================

[[Page 45018]]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

[Docket No. 00-072-2]

Declaration of Emergency Because of an Atypical Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (Prion Disease) of Foreign Origin

A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) (prion disease) of foreign origin has been detected in the United States. It is different from TSE's previously diagnosed in the United States. The TSE was detected in the progeny of imported sheep. The imported sheep and their progeny are under quarantine in Vermont. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are degenerative fatal diseases that can affect livestock. TSE's are caused by similar, as yet uncharacterized, agents that usually produce spongiform changes in the brain. Post-mortem analysis has indicated positive results for an atypical TSE of foreign origin in four sheep in Vermont. Because of the potentially serious consequences of allowing the disease to spread to other livestock in the United States, it is necessary to seize and dispose of those flocks of sheep in Vermont that are affected with or exposed to the disease, and their germ plasm. The existence of the atypical TSE of foreign origin represents a threat to U.S. livestock. It constitutes a real danger to the national economy and a potential serious burden on interstate and foreign commerce. APHIS has insufficient funds to carry out the seizure and disposal of animals and germ plasm necessary to eliminate this disease risk. These funds would be used to compensate the owners of the animals and germ plasm for their seizure and disposal in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 134a. Therefore, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of September 25, 1981, as amended (7 U.S.C. 147b), I declare that there is an emergency that threatens the livestock industry of this country and hereby authorize the transfer and use of such funds as may be necessary from appropriations or other funds available to agencies or corporations of the United States Department of Agriculture to seize and dispose of animals that are affected with or exposed to this TSE, and their germplasm, in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 134a.
Dated: This declaration of emergency shall become effective July 14, 2000. Dan Glickman, Secretary of Agriculture. [FR Doc. 00-18368 Filed 7-19-00; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410-34-P
>
> I was told that ;
>
>
> -------- Original Message --------
> Subject: Re: hello Dr. Sutton...question please...scrapie...TSS
> Date: Thu, 20 May 2004 14:36:09 -0400
> From: Jim.D.Rogers@aphis.usda.gov
> To: flounder@wt.net
>
>
>
> Dear Mr. Singeltary,
>
> The Western blot tests on these animals were completed in April of this
> year. That means that we can begin the mouse inoculations. To get the
> results of the Western blot tests, you will need to submit a Freedom of
> Information Act request through our FOIA office. The FAX number there is
> 301-734-5941.
>
> Have a nice day,
>
> Jim Rogers
> APHIS LPA
> =========
>
>
> Dr. Detwiler, my question is, why have these very important test been
> delayed for so long when we were told they were to have been started
> some 2+ years ago?
>
> who made this call to delay these very important test and why ?
>
> thank you,
> with kindest regards,
>
> Terry
>
>
> Linda Detwiler wrote:
>
>> ######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
>> #########
>>

snip...

######### http://mailhost-alt.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/warc/bse-l.html ##########

Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
P.O. Box 42
Bacliff, Texas USA 77518





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