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From: TSS (
Subject: Commission approves €188 million to fight animal diseases in 2005 and may lift BSE ban by 2005
Date: October 18, 2004 at 11:42 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Commission approves €188 million to fight animal diseases in 2005 and may lift BSE ban by 2005
Date: Mon, 18 Oct 2004 13:47:47 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Oct. 18 (Bloomberg) -- The European Union may consider lifting a ban on
imports of U.K. beef and cattle next year, provided the U.K. strengthens
measures to reduce the threat of mad-cow disease in herds, the European
Commission said.

``A proposal to lift the embargo might be envisaged in 2005, but this is
dependent on progress on a range of issues'' including inspection and
testing for bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the Brussels-based
commission, the EU's executive arm, said in a statement.

BSE, a brain disease in cattle, was first diagnosed in British herds in
1986. It spread through the inclusion in cattle feed of meat and bone
meal from animal carcasses, and reached 36,680 cases at the peak of the
U.K. epidemic in 1992. A human variant has been responsible for more
than 100 deaths in the U.K. since 1990.

Before the epidemic, the U.K. each year exported as much 250 tons of
beef worth 175 million pounds ($314 million) to France, its biggest market.

The EU permits the export of U.K. beef to the rest of the bloc only
under strict conditions. U.K. abattoirs must separate the slaughter and
processing of cattle for export, and remove their bones. Because of the
stringency and the cost of compliance, only three U.K. abattoirs have an
EU export license, according to the U.K.'s Meat and Livestock Commission.

EU governments last month agreed to lift a similar embargo applied to
Portugal in 1998. The commission said this followed evidence that the
BSE incidence rate in Portugal was decreasing, and that ``Portugal has
adequately managed BSE risks.''

Commission data show that BSE is now more prevalent in Portuguese than
British livestock. From January through July, 8.37 cases of BSE were
found for every 10,000 tested cattle in Portugal, compared with 6.49
cases for the U.K., according to the commission document.


Reference: IP/04/1236 Date: 15/10/2004











Brussels, 15 October 2004

Commission approves €188 million to fight animal diseases in 2005

The European Commission has approved a financial package to fight animal
diseases in the EU. The EU budget for 2005 will tackle transmissible
spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) and a range of other animal diseases
that impact on animal and human health. A total of €188 million will be
available and overall funding has been increased by €41 million since
2004, reflecting the high level of importance attached to disease
eradication measures for the protection of both animal and public health.

David Byrne, Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection, said: "We
are dedicating increased resources in 2005 to fight animal diseases.
Healthy animals are the key to safe food. Today’s decision reflects our
on-going commitment to supporting pro-active monitoring, preventative
action, and disease eradication.”

TSE monitoring and eradication programmes

€ 98,100,000 will be made available from the EU budget for the
monitoring of BSE. All cattle for human consumption older than 30
months, all dead-on-farm cattle and emergency slaughtered cattle over 24
months and all suspect animals independent of their age have to be
tested for BSE. The EU co-finances testing for BSE and BSE eradication
programmes across Europe.

Scrapie eradication measures are in place, requiring the culling and
genotyping of animals in infected flocks. Breeding programmes have also
been established for TSE resistance in sheep. This year, €32,775,000 is
being dedicated to scrapie eradication programmes.

The new financial package has been decided following the submission by
Member States of their monitoring and eradication programmes for 2005.
The programmes have been evaluated by the Commission and the Commission
has adopted the maximum possible EU financial contribution. The
distribution of programme funding across the Member States can be found
in Annex I.

Animal disease eradication programmes

Each year the Commission adopts a list of programmes for the eradication
and monitoring of animal diseases and for the control of zoonoses
(diseases like salmonella that are transmissible between animals and
humans, particularly through food), which qualify for a financial
contribution from the EU. For the year 2005, 82 programmes have been
submitted to tackle 10 major animal diseases. The total EU contribution
to these programmes is €55,085,000.

Within this budget, diseases that might be transmitted to humans are
prioritised. €34,775,000 will be spent on the eradication of
brucellosis, which causes Malta disease in humans (€13,975,000 on sheep
and goats brucellosis and €20,800,000 on bovine brucellosis).

Bovine tuberculosis is also known to be transmissible to humans, so
significant sums will also be used to combat the remaining cases of this
disease (€12,555,000). €4,080,000 will be spent to fight rabies, a
highly fatal viral infection of the nervous system.

In addition to the programmes for the eradication and monitoring of
animal diseases, programmes of checks aimed at the prevention of
zoonoses are included in the list. A financial contribution of
€2,280,000 to control salmonella in 8 Member States has been approved.

The complete list of diseases, Member States and EU financial
contribution adopted by the Commission can be found in Annex II.

Annex I

List of programmes for the monitoring of TSEs

Rate and maximum amount of the Community financial contribution


EU May Consider Lifting U.K. Beef Ban in 2005, Commission Says

To contact the reporter for this story:

Peter McGill in London on

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Stephen Farr in London at at

Last Updated: October 18, 2004 13:23 EDT

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