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From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. (216-119-139-210.ipset19.wt.net)
Subject: Livestock and Products BSE in Germany - Update covering the first half year of 2004 GAIN Report Number: GM4025
Date: September 25, 2004 at 4:30 pm PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Livestock and Products BSE in Germany - Update covering the first half year of 2004
Date: Sat, 25 Sep 2004 13:07:42 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Voluntary Report - public distribution
Date: 7/9/2004
GAIN Report Number: GM4025
GM4025
Germany
Livestock and Products
BSE in Germany - Update covering the first half
year of 2004
2004
Approved by:
Karina Ramos
U.S. Embassy, Berlin
Prepared by:
Sabine M. Lieberz
Report Highlights:
From January through June 2004, 33 cases of BSE were confirmed in
Germany, compared to
13 and 54 during the same period in 2003 and 2002, respectively. Until
July 8, two more
cases were confirmed taking the total number of BSE cases to 327, since
its first detection in
Germany in November 2000. In Germany all cattle older than 24 month at
slaughter have to
be tested for BSE, compared to 30 monts in the EU. The ongoing
discussion about testing
age will likely result in a change to 30 month sometime in 2005.
Includes PSD Changes: No
Includes Trade Matrix: No
Unscheduled Report
Berlin [GM1]
[GM]
USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
GAIN Report
Global Agriculture Information Network
Template Version 2.09
GAIN Report - GM4025 Page 2 of 4
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
In the first six month of 2004, 33 cases of BSE were confirmed. As of
June 30, 2004, the
total number of confirmed BSE cases in Germany amounted to 325 cases.
Out of these, 7
cases were detected in 2000, 125 cases in 2001, 106 cases in 2002, 54
cases in 2003, and
33 from January through June 2004. From July 1 through 8, 2004, two
additional cases
were confirmed. The geographical distribution of the confirmed cases is
shown in table 1.
Table 1: Geographical distribution of confirmed BSE cases in Germany,
as of June 30, 2004.
Number of confirmed BSE cases
State 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 total
Number of
cattle in that
state
Cases
per 1
million
head
Bavaria 5 59 27 21 12 124 3,689,200 34
Lower-Saxony 1 17 27 7 8 60 2,627,700 23
Baden-Wuerttemberg - 12 11 9 3 35 1,099,600 32
Schleswig-Holstein 1 12 14 1 - 28 1,228,200 23
North Rhine-Westphalia - 2 2 4 5 13 1,390,400 9
Saxony - 4 4 3 - 11 511,900 21
Brandenburg - 3 4 3 1 11 601,200 18
Rhineland-Palatinate - 4 6 - - 10 403,900 25
Saxony-Anhalt - 4 4 1 - 9 361,000 25
Hesse - 3 2 2 1 8 477,500 17
Mecklenburg-West Pomerania - 2 4 - 2 8 557,300 14
Thuringia - 2 1 3 1 7 363,600 19
Saarland - 1 - - - 1 53,700 19
Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg - - - - - - 20,600 0
Total 7 125 106 54 33 325 13,385,800 24
* Animal census November 2003
(Source: German Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection, Food and
Agriculture)
BSE tests
From January through June 2004, a total of 1,256,384 BSE tests were
conducted in
Germany, of which 33 BSE cases were confirmed. Out of these, 16 cases
were discovered
through routine testing at slaughter. All other cases were detected
through mandatory
testing of risk animals. Risk animals include perished animals,
animals that died on
transport, downers (i.e. non-ambulatory animals), animals that show any
kind of disease
symptoms, and animals that show clinical BSE symptoms.
Since January 25, 2001, BSE tests at slaughter became mandatory in
Germany for all cattle
above the age of 24 months. However, some retail chains require the
testing of all cattle,
irrespective of age. Testing below the age of 24 month is purely for
marketing reasons and
does not supply any additional value in terms of BSE measures, as tests
on younger animals
are not very reliable. In 2001  2003, between 65 and 70 percent of all
cattle and calves
slaughtered in Germany were tested for BSE.
GAIN Report - GM4025 Page 3 of 4
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
The EU requires testing for cattle above 24 months only for risk
animals, while routine
testing of appearing healthy cattle is only required for cattle above 30
months. There is an
ongoing discussion in Germany to move the testing age from 24 to 30
month. One
argument of the proponents is that so far only one BSE case was
confirmed in animals
younger than 30 month at slaughter. This case was detected in January of
2001, and
occurred in an animal that was born before the ban on meat- and bonemeal
(MBM) in animal
feeds went into effect in December 2000. Theoretically from June 2003
onwards all animals
slaughtered at 30 month or older should not have had contact with feed
containing MBM.
The German Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food, and Agriculture
(BMVEL) in general
favors a change of the obligatory testing age, however, BMVEL insists on
an extra security
time margin. We therefore expect the change will go into effect sometime
in 2005.
Table 2: BSE tests and results from January through June 2004
January - June 2004
Number of
tests
Number
of
confirmed
BSE cases
Percent
cases per
tests in that
group*
Percent
cases of all
confirmed
cases**
perished animals 118,142 13 0.011 39.4
put-down animals 4,830 1 0.021 3.0
animals showing clinical symptoms 3,379 0 0.000 0.0
animals appearing healthy at slaughter 1,128,403 16 0.001 48.5
animals put down in a BSE eradication
measure 722 0 0.000 0.0
suspicious animals to be confirmed by a lab 908 3 0.330 9.1
Total 1,256,384 33 0.003 100
* calculated as number of confirmed cases divided by number of tests
in that category multiplied by 100
** calculated as number of confirmed cases in a category divided by
total number of confirmed cases  * 100
Source: German Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection, Food and
Agriculture
Risk Management by the German Government
For a detailed outline of the German risk management system please refer
to report
GM1033.
Production
In CY 2003, Germany produced 1.224 million MT of beef. 180,000 MT of
beef were
imported, thereof 66,000 MT from outside the EU-25 (mainly Argentina and
Brazil) and
13,800 from new EU-member states (Poland and Hungary). Exports amounted
to 4,423,000
MT of which 83,000 MT were sent to destinations outside the EU-25
(mostly Russia) and
2,800 MT to Hungary, Malta and the Czech Republic. Note: All figures are
in carcass weight
equivalent.
GAIN Report - GM4025 Page 4 of 4
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Table 3: German production of beef
Year Slaughter number (in 1000 heads) Beef production (in 1000 metric tons)
1999 4,565 1,374
2000 4,285 1,304
2001 4,353 1,360
2002 4,272 1,317
2003 3,961 1,224
Source: German Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection, Food and
Agriculture
Related reports:
GM1033 11/27/2001 One year after the detection of BSE in Germany
GM3002 01/03/2003 BSE in Germany  update
GM3006 02/27/2003 German Cattle Identification and Beef Labeling
GM3020 07/17/2003 BSE in Germany  update covering the first half year
of 2003
GM4002 01/08/2004 BSE in Germany  update covering 2003

http://www.fas.usda.gov/

TSS

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