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From: TSS (
Subject: Re: Patients to be told of blood risk 'during the next fortnight'
Date: September 9, 2004 at 9:29 pm PST

In Reply to: Patients to be told of blood risk 'during the next fortnight' posted by TSS on September 9, 2004 at 9:01 pm:

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Re: Patients to be told of blood risk
Date: Thu, 09 Sep 2004 23:35:52 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
References: <>

> Britain exported blood products which might have been
> contaminated to 11
> countries between 1996 and 2000.

Other US BSE risks: the imported products picture

(blood products)


PLEASE NOTE the difference of opinions of the exact amount of
MBM imported to the USA from the UK. MAFF sent me a total
of 44 TONS;

- 5
2.2 Import of MBM or MBM-containing feedstuffs from BSE-Risk
An overview of the data on MBM imports is presented in table 2 and is
based on data
provided in the country dossier (CD) and corresponding data on relevant
exports as
available from BSE risk countries that exported to the USA. Only data
from risk
periods are indicated, i.e. those periods when exports from a BSE risk
country already
represented an external challenge, according to the SSC opinion on the
July 2000 and updated January 2002).
" The CD reports import of 5 tons of MBM from the UK. According to
Eurostat, 63
tons have been exported from the UK to the USA between 1980 and 1996;
however, according the updated MBM statistics from the UK (August 2001) 24
tons of MBM were exported from the UK to the USA between 1980 and 1996; 39
tons exported in 1989 were not confirmed by the updated UK export
statistic and
therefore not taken into account. A further 38 tons were exported in
and 39 tons in 1999. As it was illegal to export mammalian meat meal,
bone meal
and MBM from UK since 27/03/1996, exports indicated after that date should
only have included non-mammalian MBM. Therefore, these imports were not
" According to the CD, MBM was imported from Denmark, France, Italy and the
Netherlands. It was claimed but not substantiated that these imports
were not
from ruminant origin, and therefore did not contribute to the BSE risk
of the
" The Eurostat export statistics indicated additional exports from
Belgium, Greece,
" Very large amounts of MBM (CD and other sources) between 18.000 and 44.000
tons annually were imported from Canada...

Subject: Re: exports from the U.K. of it's MBM to U.S.???
Date: Tue, 8 Feb 2000 14:03:16 +0000
To: (Receipt Notification Requested) (Non Receipt
Notification Requested)

meat and bonemeal is not specifically classified for overseas trade
purposes. The nearest equivalent is listed as "flours and meals of meat
or offals (including tankage), unfit for human consumption; greaves". UK
exports of this to the US are listed below:

Country Tonnes
1981 12
1984 10
1985 2
1989 20


EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk
(GBR) of the United States of America (USA)
Publication date: 20 August 2004

Adopted July 2004 (Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-083)

* 167 kB Report

* 105 kB Summary

Summary of the Scientific Report

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working
Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission
(EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in the United
States of America, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more
cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in
USA. This scientific report addresses the GBR of USA as assessed in 2004
based on data covering the period 1980-2003.

The BSE agent was probably imported into USA and could have reached
domestic cattle in the middle of the eighties. These cattle imported in
the mid eighties could have been rendered in the late eighties and
therefore led to an internal challenge in the early nineties. It is
possible that imported meat and bone meal (MBM) into the USA reached
domestic cattle and leads to an internal challenge in the early nineties.

A processing risk developed in the late 80s/early 90s when cattle
imports from BSE risk countries were slaughtered or died and were
processed (partly) into feed, together with some imports of MBM. This
risk continued to exist, and grew significantly in the mid 90s when
domestic cattle, infected by imported MBM, reached processing. Given the
low stability of the system, the risk increased over the years with
continued imports of cattle and MBM from BSE risk countries.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of USA is III, i.e. it is
likely but not confirmed that domestic cattle are (clinically or
pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as there are no
significant changes in rendering or feeding, the stability remains
extremely/very unstable. Thus, the probability of cattle to be
(pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE-agent persistently


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