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From: TSS (
Date: August 17, 2004 at 9:18 am PST


-------- Original Message --------
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2004 11:19:13 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
References: <>

Voluntary Report - public distribution
Date: 7/30/2004
GAIN Report Number: GR4015
Product Brief
Pet Food Report
Approved by:
Ann Murphy
U.S. Embassy Rome
Prepared by:
Joanna Apergis
Report Highlights:
An emerging trend in today’s Greek households, increased pet ownership
and improved pet
care is evidenced by a steady rise in pet food imports. In 2003, retail
pet food imports hit
their peak, totaling $65.4 million. As a result of this demand more pet
supply stores and
veterinary clinics are opening, broadening the diversity of pet food
retailers in Greece.
Although the United States faces fierce competition with European Union
producers, U.S. pet
foods still maintain an important position in the growing market of
premium and specialty
pet food products.
Includes PSD Changes: Yes
Includes Trade Matrix: Yes
Unscheduled Report
Rome [IT1]
USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
GAIN Report
Global Agriculture Information Network
Template Version 2.08
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 2 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
4% Belgium
12% Netherlands
Figure 1. Dog and Cat Food At Retail Sale
Imports, By Country of Origin, 2003
Source: Foreign Agricultural Service, BICO Report, 2004
Until recently, even “pet” dogs and cats in Greece were left outside of
the home and fed
mostly table scraps. The traditional Greek perception was that pets were
part of the
environment and that it was unnecessary and unclean to allow them to
stay indoors.
The way people care for their pets is changing. More knowledgeable Greek
are holding American pet food products in high regard. Greater numbers
of outdoor
neighborhood cats and dogs are fed manufactured pet foods, a sign that
habits are changing.
More importantly, a new trend toward adopting or buying pets and
maintaining them
indoors has caught on. A combination of influences from both American
and Western
European cultures through television, film and magazines has begun to
transform the
way that many Greeks think of cats and dogs. Furthermore, the news of health
benefits from pet ownership has been publicized in Greek magazines and
newspapers in
recent years. Households of all types, in both suburbs and urban areas
have begun to
include pets in their homes. Some Greeks with particularly high incomes
see pets as a
sort of status symbol; often attending dog or cat shows and events, and
gaining more exposure to U.S. pet foods.
This new kind of pet owner is more likely to be a well-informed customer of
supermarkets, pet food stores and veterinary clinics where pet products
are widely
available. They are known to read labels on pet food packaging and often
obtain the
advice of veterinarians and pet store employees. Individuals and
families with higher
incomes will be more likely to purchase premium pet food brands from pet
stores and
veterinary clinics, including those produced in the United States.
Supermarkets are by far the largest
retailer of pet food products, with over
85 percent of the sales in Greece.
However, they stock mainly private label
to premium products imported from
other EU member countries (See Figure
1). A secondary, but important retail
outlet for pet foods is the pet supply
store, with more innovative, higher
quality and greater variety of products
available to the urban and suburban pet
owner. In 2003 a total of roughly $1.5
million in U.S. pet food products was
imported, (a 2.6 percent share of the
import market in Greece) largely for pet
supply stores and veterinary clinics
concentrated in and around Athens and
other densely populated cities.
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 3 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
According to data from the United Nations and U.S. Department of
Agriculture, the
correlation between U.S. imports of Pet Foods to European countries
(including Greece)
and their per capita gross domestic product or GDP is high (See Table
1). This in effect
means that the greater consumers’ income, the more likely they are to
buy U.S. pet
food products. Since Greece has a relatively low per capita GDP, the
number of
households that can afford the additional expenses of pet ownership are
fewer than in
many other European countries. However, the Greek economy has remained
stable and
is expected to benefit from hosting the 2004 Olympic games in Athens. Other
indications point to continued growth and improvement of the economy and
per capita
GDP. Tourism, although not the main source of Greece’s wealth, may still
impact the
economy by creating more jobs for future peak seasons for tourism and
sports related
events. In addition, the country’s status as a member of the European
Union and the
adoption of the Euro as currency gives an incentive to local importers
due to a better
exchange rate for goods purchased from the United States. The U.S.
Dollar to Euro
exchange rate from January to June, 2004 averaged 0.81.
Table 1. Comparison of GDP Per Capita and Annual Per Capita Spending Based
on Total Imports to Select EU Member Countries,
by Value
Sources: Foreign Agricultural Service, BICO Report, 2004; Central
Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, 2003
1 Reexport to other European countries would explain this high value
2 Netherlands excludes the Netherlands Antilles
3 France is one of the largest producers of pet foods in Europe
Future sales in the Greek market for pet foods as a whole are expected
to increase by
at least 5 percent annually for the next five years. Upper premium pet
foods for cats
and dogs are the best prospect for U.S. pet food exporters.
Additionally, as pet treats
gain in popularity, there may be a rise in export of these products as
well. It is
essential to watch the economic growth of Greece and the per capita GDP
for an
accurate outlook on potential sales of U.S. pet food exports. Moreover,
should not be understated in an environment like Athens and other major
Greek cities,
where shelf space is at a premium as competition with less expensive
European brands
is strong.
The market for pet foods is divided into several categories: dry and
canned dog and cat
foods, treats and other pet foods. While dry foods are gaining in
popularity, canned
foods are still almost equally popular in both cat and dog food products.
GDP Per Capita
(USD, 2002 est.)
Annual Average Per
Capita Spending
on Pet Food (USD)
Belgium 29,000 2.151
Sweden 26,800 0.41
Netherlands 28,600 0.372
Italy 26,800 0.21
United Kingdom 27,700 0.20
Greece 19,900 0.15
France 27,500 0.083
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 4 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Figure 2. Comparison of the Types
of Pet Food Purchased,
by Value
Source: Interviews with importers including supermarkets,
pet supply stores, and veterinary offices in Greece, 2004
Consumers are known to look at labels, for nutritional content, most
often protein
concentrations. Also noteworthy, the labeling of biotech ingredients is
still a problem for
Greek importers, who say that consumers of pet foods are less likely to
purchase them.
Advantages Challenges
U.S. pet food products are well
recognized by knowledgeable buyers and
considered highest in quality.
Many Greek consumers still consider pet food
products as luxury items.
There are only a few pet food producers
in Greece; therefore they do not have a
big impact on the national imports.
Duties on U.S. pet food products and higher
transportation costs make imports more
expensive than those from EU countries, or from
The market for pet food products has
grown despite the relatively low per
capita GDP.
Treats have a presence in the Greek market, but
in low quantities and in more traditional varieties
(ex. rawhide and pig ears).
Specialty and upper premium pet foods
from the United States are in demand.
Products with biotech ingredients have strict
label requirements on the product packaging.
Pet Foods
Dry Cat Food
Canned Dog Food
Canned Cat Food
Dry Dog Food
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 5 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Entry Strategy
We estimate that about 42 percent of the products supplied to the market
distributors consist of value or private label brands, sold mostly by
supermarkets. Of
the remaining supply in the market, about 35 percent consist of premium
brands, such
as Pedigree® and Whiskas®, and the other 23 percent is made up of upper
brands including Iams® and Hill’s Science Diet®. The largest name brand
such as Masterfoods (makers of Pedigree®) and Nestlé’s Ralston Purina
are represented
within the country and are the only type of supplier, besides local
producers, that does
not generally go through a local distributor to reach the market.
Both easier and more effective, using a local Greek distributor to
introduce a new
product is generally the best method of entry into the local pet food
market. Export
through a local distributor is best route for products seeking wide
distribution through
many channels including pet supply stores and veterinary clinics. Once
the product has
had success in the Greek retail market, then exploration of direct
export to the individual
retail sectors would be more feasible.
The largest food and beverage distributors in Greece handle about 87
percent of the pet
food products for retail sale. Many smaller distributors have ended
their pet food
business, because their main clients, supermarkets, recently either
began dealing more
with larger importers, or import directly from the exporter or
manufacturer for their pet
food products.
Product Flow for Imports:
Veterinary Clinics
Local Distributors
U.S. Exporters
Pet Owners
Pet Supply Stores
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 6 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
In-country visits after contact and interest from pet supply stores and
veterinary clinics
are necessary before contacting Greek distributors. Customers of
distributors, the retail
businesses, are making the ultimate decision on whether to buy a premium
U.S. pet
food product, and are essential to beginning negotiations with the
Distributors handle a variety of products, and visit trade shows around
the world to find
new products. However, they are more likely to attend general U.S. food
and beverage
trade shows rather than U.S. pet product trade shows. The European pet
product trade
shows are more important for capturing both distributors’ and pet supply
stores’ interest
(See Section V).
Pet Supply Stores
With locations in and around major cities in Greece, pet stores have
seen growth over
the past three years of about 5-10 percent and are expected to continue
along the same
Although they have a smaller share of the overall retail market for pet
foods, pet supply
stores are the best prospect for future sales of U.S. pet food products.
Most pet supply
stores purchase their stock from a mix of local distributors. In
addition, a small number
of Greek pet food manufacturers are directly selling most of their
products to pet supply
stores, and making sales thanks to store promotion and competitive prices.
Contact with the owners of larger chain pet supply stores through visits
and local pet
trade shows is important. Word of mouth has a great influence as well,
and though
some veterinary clinics already sell pet food products, their advice to
clients may
additionally influence the sales of certain pet food products at pet
supply stores.
Leaflets with nutritional benefits on display at veterinary clinics
would compliment any
new product promotion in a pet supply store.
The best product category prospect for pet supply stores is specialty,
upper premium pet
food for dogs and cats, where U.S. pet foods are already held in high
regard. Many of
the customers of pet supply stores are willing to pay slightly higher
prices. In addition,
pet treats for dogs and cats that have benefits such as dental cleaning
and bone health
would be good prospects for export to Greek pet supply stores.
Since the price of U.S. pet food products is usually higher than
competing brands,
marketing and advertising is crucial to the success of these new
products in stores. The
best approach for a U.S. supplier to introduce their products through
Greek pet supply
retailers is through in-store advertising and free samples.
Veterinary Clinics
Veterinary clinics are the newest outlet for pet food products, which
means that unique
brands have not yet solidified, offering a good opportunity for U.S.
premium and
specialty pet foods. Due to the small amount of orders, it is best to
export through a
distributor for this sector of the market.
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 7 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Important in veterinary clinics too is the use of marketing and
advertising displays for
maximum communication. A display inside the clinic would convey to
clients the
endorsement of the veterinarian. For example, the largest veterinary
clinic in Athens
carries a wide assortment of dry dog foods and canned cat foods as well
as bird and
small animal foods. The products are all from one line produced by a German
manufacturer. This product is not well known in other pet stores and
clinics, but is sold
to clients of the office due to the advice of the veterinarians. Sending
samples of special
diet foods and treats for health, for example bone treats for dental
health, is a useful
technique for testing a new product in this market.
While selling over 85 percent of pet foods, the supermarket sector in
Greece is a
difficult, though not impossible market to enter. Supermarket retail
supplies its
customers with mostly economical brands, which are dominated by imports
from other
EU countries. They typically do not stock pet food products made in the
United States
due to the high price for retail, which does not suit the average
supermarket customer
buying pet food.
Private label brands for supermarkets are usually purchased through a
local distributor
for major pet food brands. Main distribution centers in Europe supply
direct exports for
supermarket chains with their own private label products. The premium,
major brands
like Masterfoods and Nestlé’s Ralston Purina have in-country offices
with plants for
production of pet food products in France, Spain, Holland and Italy.
Imports of these
brands are made directly through these suppliers.
The following organizations offer cost and pricing information on pet
food products from
point of entry to final point of sale. Greek importers are also a good
resource for
information on fees, taxes and other import costs in Greece.
· Tariff rates and import duties are upheld from the EU customs
legislation. Pet
food for retail sale is listed under Taric Code: 230910 at
· The value added tax (VAT) on pet foods sold in Greece is currently
fixed at 8
percent. The consignee pays this tax, along with the duties mentioned above.
The following links are provided for regulations, standards and
procedures for the import
of pet food products. For further information, please contact our office
or any other
contacts listed in Section VI.
· For general export market information on Greece, the 2003 Exporter
Guide is
available through the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service’s (FAS)
Attaché Report
section under Gain report number GR3022.
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 8 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
· Greece operates under the European Union health certification
which are available on the EU website at EUR-Lex, the portal to European
o Guidelines for pet food health certification are in the EU
legislation’s Official
Journal. Click Official Journal on the toolbar, then select Access to
Issues; 2004; April; L112
o For updates on EU certification requirements, visit the FAS website for EU
regulations on pet foods at
o Contact the APHIS-VS Area Office in the State from which the animals or
products will be exported for any questions or concerns regarding the
regulations for exporting animals or animal products to Greece at: Click on Area Offices
· Continental European Dog Show October 2-3, 2004 Charleroi, Belgium
Royal Club Canin Du Hainaut asbl
Félix Grulois
Avenue de Ragnies 34
B-6530 Thuin, Belgium
Phone: +32 (0)71 59 02 26, Fax: +32 (0)71 59 02 26
· Interzoo May 11-14, 2006 Nürnberg, Germany
Exhibition Centre Nürnberg
U.S. Representative
Phone: 978-371-2203
Fax: 978-371-7121
· World Small Animal Conference October 6-9, 2004 Rhodes, Greece
Hellenic Veterinary Multinational Society (HVMS)
15, Mesogion Avenue, ATCHLEY House,
GR115 26 Athens, Greece
Phone: +30-210-7499300, Fax: +30-210-7705752
· Zoomark International May 5-8, 2005 Bologna, Italy
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 9 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Bologna Fiere
Viale della Fiera, 20
40128 Bologna, Italy
Phone: +39-(0)5-12-82111, Fax: +39-(0)5-12-82332
Agricultural Affairs Office
(Covering Greece and Malta)
Foreign Agricultural Service
Ann Murphy, Agricultural Attaché
Via Vittorio Veneto 119/A
00187 Rome, Italy
Phone: 011-390-6-4674-2362
Fax: 011-390-6-478-87008
Also visit the Foreign Agricultural Service’s website at:
Agricultural Affairs Office
Foreign Agricultural Service
Danae-P. Synodinou, Agricultural Marketing Specialist
Address: 8 Makedonon Str.
GR-101 60 Athens, Greece
Phone: 011-30-21-720-2233
Fax: 011-30-21-721-5264
Please visit our website for promotional activities, trade statistics
and more reports on
the retail and food service sectors and on food import regulations for
U.S. Mission to the European Union
Foreign Agricultural Service
This website has a section on the pet food certification requirements of
E.U. member
Basic country information may be found in the Central Intelligence
Agency’s World
Fact Book under the country of interest.
Department of Commerce
U.S. Commercial Service
Information on marketing U.S. products and services is in the Country
Guide for most Greek countries.
GAIN Report - GR4015 Page 10 of 10
UNCLASSIFIED USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
Click on Market Research link, then select Country & Industry Market
Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Links to United States Embassies and Consulates Worldwide
Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA
BICO Reports
Provides bulk, intermediate, and consumer-oriented agricultural product
data per
calendar or fiscal year.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA
Veterinary Services
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA
Miami, Florida
Phone: 305-526-2825
Fax: 305-871-4205
B. Other sources of Information on the Greek pet food market:
EU Pet Food Legislation
Import certification requirements for Greece and all other European
Union member
countries are listed.
Hellenic Veterinary Multinational Society (HVMS)
15, Mesogion Avenue, ATCHLEY House,
GR115 26 Athens, Greece
Phone: +30-210-7499300
Fax:. +30-210-7705752
E-mail :

Pet Food

EU Pet food Legislation

All pet food imported from the U.S. into the European Union has to meet
requirements relating mainly to health and labeling aspects. These
requirements are generally harmonized throughout the 25 EU member states
but they are scattered over different pieces of EU legislation.

GAIN Report E23054

provides information on EU petfood regulations, labeling requirements
and certificates.

Current Requirements - Certificates, Ingredients, Labeling

Health Certificates and APHIS Establishment Inspection

A health certificate has to accompany each individual pet food shipment
containing product of animal origin. Following the implementation of
the EU animal by-products regulation 1774/2002
new certificates are in force since June 15, 2004. The animal health
and/or public health certificates signed by Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service officials serve as a guarantee that individual lots
or shipments of products meet EU health requirements. Establishments
that wish to export to the EU have to request inspection of an APHIS
field office and get an
APHIS approval number for export to the EU. APHIS veterinary services
will endorse certificates after facilities have been officially approved
as compliant with animal by-products regulation 1774/2002
This approval number will also be put on the certificate. A statement
guaranteeing that SRM’s (specified risk materials) have been removed
needs to be added to the certificate. As a number of issues related to
the implementation of regulation 1774/2002 are still unresolved,
exporters are advised to regularly check the APHIS website.

The APHIS website provides Specimen Health Certificates for:

- Animal by-products for the manufacture of pet food

- Digests for pet food flavoring

- Dog chews

- Pet food other than canned

- Canned pet food

Additional information can also be obtained from the APHIS headquarters:

National Center for Import and Export
Technical Trade Services
Animal Products Staff Import/Export Animals Staff
Tel: (301) 734 8364
Fax: (301) 734 8226

Guidelines for Petfood Exports to the EU
can be
downloaded from the APHIS website.

Petfood Ingredient Requirements

A. Authorized Ingredients and Additives

In the EU, there is no positive list of ingredients that can be used in
pet food. A positive list is however in place for additives and the
so-called technical proteins. An up-to-date consolidated version of the
list of authorized additives

was published in Official Journal C50 of February 25, 2004. This list
contains the additives approved in Directive 70/524/EEC

and all subsequent amendments and the technical proteins such as yeasts
that are authorized in the EU by Directive 82/471/EEC
Updates are available on DG Health & Consumer Protection's website

B. Prohibited Ingredients

Industrial Waste

Several ingredients are prohibited in feed. For a long time, several
types of industrial and household waste have been prohibited. These
ingredients are listed in Decision 2004/217/EC
and have not been an issue for the pet food industry.

Animal By-Products

European Parliament and Council Regulation 1774/2002

establishes the health rules concerning animal by-products not intended
for human consumption and replaces Directive 90/667/EEC. This
regulation as well as the TSE
regulation was developed in response to the BSE crisis and is part of
the EU's strategy to eradicate food-borne crises. The animal
by-products regulation covers all animal products not intended for human
consumption, and as such covers both products for technical uses and
animal by-products used in the production of feeds and pet food. This
regulation requires that animal by-products used in the production of
feeds and pet food be derived from the carcasses of animal declared fit
for human consumption following veterinary inspection (category 3
products in the regulation). Provisions include a ban on intra-species
recycling and fallen stock and restrictions on yellow grease. Certain
categories of pet food have to be denatured with specified substances.
Pet food plants have to be dedicated to production of product fit for
human consumption. More...

The following issues covered have practical consequences for the U.S.
petfood exports to the EU:

fit for human consumption: all ingredients used for the manufacture of
petfood have to be "fit for human consumption" according to EU
standards. Only animals declared healthy after ante- and post-mortem
examination will qualify as ingredients for petfood. Fallen stock is

registration: pet food and rendering plants have to be registered by
and approved by the "third country competent authority", in this case
APHIS, as complying with EU requirements. EU requirements include
regular inspection by the competent authority, mandatory record keeping
and salmonella and enterobacteriacea testing. Only products from
companies on the approved establishments list will pass border control
into the EU.

segregation: plants manufacturing and storing pet food are not allowed
to manufacture and store animal by-products that do not fulfill EU pet
food requirements.

raw pet food: has to be labeled "pet food only"

denaturing: raw material for the manufacture of pet food has to be
marked permanently by charcoal.

yellow grease: will be banned when the regulation is fully implemented.

Specified Risk Materials

U.S. Petfood certificates currently have to include a statement
certifying that SRMs (specified risk
materials) have been removed. The Commission has proposed to prolong
this transitional measure until July 2005. The two year extension is
designed for the Commission to continue its attempt to reach an
agreement at international level (OIE) on the determination of BSE
status of countries on the basis of risk. The decision on the final BSE
category will determine whether the U.S. will have to continue to remove
SRM’s from pet food.

Petfood Labeling Requirements

General labeling requirements for pet food are established in Council
Directive 79/373/EEC
The EU directive on additives on feedingstuffs (Directive 70/524/EEC
lists all authorized additives and provides labeling requirements for
pet food containing additives (art. 16). The directive allows
multi-language labels but at the same time requires that the label be at
least in the language where the products is sold. In practice,
countries apply the following language requirements:

Austria: German
Belgium: Dutch AND French, German recommended
Czech Republic: Czech
Denmark: Danish
Estonia: Estonian
Finland: Finnish
France: French
Germany & Austria: German
Greece: Greek
Hungary: Hungarian
Italy: Italian
Latvia: Latvian
Lithuania: Lithuanian
Luxembourg: French OR German (or regional language Luxemburgian)
Malta: English OR Maltese OR Italian
Netherlands: Dutch
Poland: Polish
Portugal: Portuguese
Slovakia: Slovak
Slovenia: Slovene
Spain: Spanish
Sweden: Swedish
U.K. & Ireland: British English

For detailed information on pet food labeling requirements see GAIN
report E23054

(April 2003).

Other EU Requirements

Wooden pallets used to transport goods from the U.S. to the EU have to
comply with measures adopted by the EU requiring the treatment and
marking of all new and used coniferous mon-manufactured wood packing
material originating in the U.S., Canada, China and Japan to prevent the
introduction of pinewood nematode. Information on the programs
developed to comply with these measures is available from the APHIS
website .

Genetically Modified Feed

On April 18, 2004, the EU implemented the regulations on “Genetically
Modified Food and Feed” (European Parliament and Council Regulation
and “Traceability and Labeling of Genetically Modified Organisms and the
Traceability of Food and Feed Products produced from Genetically
Modified Organisms” (European Parliament and Council Regulation
These new regulations repeal three of the four regulations previously in
force: Regulation 1139/98 on the labeling of foodstuffs derived from
Round-Up Ready soybeans and Novartis Bt-176 corn, Regulation 49/2000 on
adventitious contamination and Regulation 50/2000 on genetically
modified additives and flavorings.

The new regulations set up an EU system to trace GMOs, introduce the
labeling of GM feed, reinforce the existing labeling rules for GM food
and establish an authorization procedure for GMOs in food and feed and
their deliberate release into the environment. Both regulations have
two-year review clauses, which require the Commission to report on their
implementation and make recommendations for changes, if appropriate.
Recommended changes must be approved by the Council and the European
Parliament. Commission Regulation 641/2004

lays down implementing rules for the authorization of GM food and feed
under Regulation 1829/2003. It clarifies what information and data have
to be provided to support applications for the authorization of new GM
food and feed and the notification of existing products.

For more information see our webpage on GMO's

Future Requirements: Proposals under Discussion

Traceabiltiy / Hygiene

Traceability for all food and feeds produced and imported in the
EU will be mandatory. For more information see our webpage on Food
Safety .

Info on Member State Requirements

The current EU legislation requirements apply in the 25 EU Member
States. However, member States may also demand that additional
requirements be met or may have their own requirements in areas where EU
harmonization has not been concluded yet. For example, by including fats
and gelatin, the French list of SRM’s is more extensive than the EU
list. For Member State specific information, please contact our Offices
of Agricultural Affairs in the individual EU countries

Petfood Reports

- The Petfood Market in Italy

- Agexporter article "France’s Little Animal Kingdom"


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Statement May 26, 2003

Media Inquiries: 301-827-6242 Consumer Inquiries: 888-INFO-FDA

FDA BSE Update - Pet Food from Canadian Manufacturer

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has learned from the government
of Canada that rendered material from a Canadian cow that last week
tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, also known
as mad cow disease) may have been used to manufacture pet food,
specifically dry dog food, some of which was reported to have been
shipped to the United States. The Canadian government prevented the BSE
positive cow from being processed for human food. Therefore, consumers
can be assured that their food does not contain any remnants of the BSE
positive cow.

It is also important to stress that there is no scientific evidence to
date that dogs can contract BSE or any similar disease. In addition
there is no evidence that dogs can transmit the disease to humans.

FDA notified the U.S. pet food firm, The Pet Pantry International, of
Carson City, Nevada, when FDA learned that the pet food that the firm
received may have included rendered material from the BSE positive cow.
The manufacturer of the pet food is Champion Pet Food, Morinville,
Alberta. Even though there is no known risk to dogs from eating this dog
food, as a prudent measure to help assure that the U.S. stays BSE free
The Pet Pantry International is asking its customers who may have
purchased the suspect product to hold it for pickup by the distributor
so that the dog food will not mistakenly be mixed into cattle or other
feeds if any of the dog food is discarded or otherwise not used to feed
dogs. The suspect dog food was produced by Champion Pet Food between
February 4, 2003, and March 12, 2003.

The Pet Pantry products were packaged in 50 lb bags, distributed to
franchises around the country, and sold by home delivery only. There was
no retail distribution of the product. Consumers purchase Pet Pantry
products by phone or email orders. The product is then delivered by the
nearest franchisee directly to the consumers home.

The product subject to this notification includes Maintenance Diet
labeled with a use by date of 17FEB04 and Beef with Barley with a
use by date of 05MAR04. Consumers who have purchased dog food from The
Pet Pantry since February of this year are asked to check their present
supplies and see if any match the description of the product being
removed. If so, consumers are asked to contact The Pet Pantry at
1-800-381-7387 for further information on how to return the product to
The Pet Pantry for proper disposal. Consumers are asked not to destroy
or discard the product themselves. The Pet Pantry will also use its
sales records to contact consumers who purchased the affected product.

FDA is working closely with the Pet Pantry International to assure for
proper disposal of the recovered product.

FDA will continue to provide updates on this case of BSE in Canada as
additional information becomes available.

It was thought likely that at least some, and probably all, of the cases
in zoo animals were caused by the BSE agent. Strong support for this
hypothesis came from the findings of Bruce and others (1994) ( Bruce,
M.E., Chree, A., McConnell, I., Foster, J., Pearson, G. & Fraser, H.
(1994) Transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and scrapie to
mice: strain variation and species barrier. Philosophical Transactions
of the Royal Society B 343, 405-411: J/PTRSL/343/405 ), who demonstrated
that the pattern of variation in incubation period and lesion profile in
six strains of mice inoculated with brain homogenates from an affected
kudu and the nyala, was similar to that seen when this panel of mouse
strains was inoculated with brain from cattle with BSE. The affected zoo
bovids were all from herds that were exposed to feeds that were likely
to have contained contaminated ruminant-derived protein and the zoo
felids had been exposed, if only occasionally in some cases, to tissues
from cattle unfit for human consumption.


cases have been reported in domestic cats), are characterised by long
asymptomatic incubation periods followed by progressive symptoms and
signs of degeneration of the brain, leading eventually to death.


worse still, there is serious risk the media could get to hear of such a


Crushed heads (which inevitably involve brain and spinal cord material)
are used to a limited extent but will also form one of the constituent
raw materials of meat and bone meal, which is used extensively in pet
food manufacturer...

2. The Parliamentary Secretary said that he was concerned about the
possibility that countries in which BSE had not yet been detected could
be exporting raw meat materials (in particular crushed heads)
contaminated with the disease to the UK for use in petfood manufacture...


YOU explained that imported crushed heads were extensively used in the
petfood industry...

In particular I do not believe one can say that the levels of the
scrapie agent in pet food are so low that domestic animals are not

some 100+ _documented_ TSE cats of all types later...tss

on occassions, materials obtained from slaughterhouses will be derived
from sheep affected with scrapie or cattle that may be incubating BSE
for use in petfood manufacture...

Meldrum's notes on pet foods and materials used


Confidential BSE and __________________

1st case natural FSE

FSE and pharmaceuticals

confidential cats/dogs and unsatisfactory posture MAFFs failure to
assure key research

can't forget about the mad man and his mad cat;

Deaths of CJD man and cat linked

In October 1998 the simultaneous occurrence of spongiform encephalopathy
in a man and his pet cat was reported. The report from Italy noted that
the cat did not display the same clinical features as FSE cases
previously seen. Indeed, the presence of a new type of FSE was
suggested. The man was diagnosed as having sporadic CJD, and neither
case (man nor cat) appeared to be affected by a BSE-related condition.

indeed there have been 4 documented cases of TSE in Lions to date.

Lion 32 December 98 Born November 86

Lion 33 May 1999 (euthanased) Born November 81.

Lion 36 Euthanased August 2000 Born July 87. Deteriorating hind limb

Lion 37 Euthanased November 2001 Male, 14 years. Deteriorating hind limb
ataxia since September 2001. (Litter mate to Ref. 36.)

go to the url above, on the bar at the top, click on _statistics_, then
in middle of next page, click on _other TSEs_.

or go here;



Reports on the clinical symptoms presented by these cats give a
relatively homogeneous picture: Affected cats show a lack of
coordination with an ataxia mainly of the hind limbs, they often fall
and miss their target when jumping. Fear and increased aggressiveness
against the owner and also other animals is often seen. They do not
longer tolerate to be touched (stroked) and start hiding. These
behavioural chances might be the result of a hypersensibility to touch
and noise, but also to increased fear. Excessive salivation is another
more frequently seen symptom. Cats with FSE in general show severe
behavioural disturbances, restlessness and depression, and a lack of
coat cleaning. Symptoms in large cats in general are comparable to those
in domestic cats. A report on FSE (in german) has been presented in 2001
in the Swiss FVO Magazin. A paper on the first FSE case in a domestic
cat in Switzerland is currently in press in the Journal Schweizer Archiv
für Tierheilkunde (SAT).

17 Oct 2002 17:04:51 -0700 From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr." Reply-To:
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy To: BSE-L

Greetings BSE-L,

is there any other CWD surveys/testing in the UK on their deer? what
sort of testing has been done to date on UK/EU deer? any input would be
helpful... thank you


hope they did not go by the wayside as the hound study;

37.Putative TSE in hounds - work started 1990 -(see para 41)

Robert Higgins, a Veterinary Investigation Officer at Thirsk, had been
working on a hound survey in 1990. Gerald Wells and I myself received
histological sections from this survey along with the accompanying
letter (YB90/11.28/1.1) dated November 1990. This letter details
spongiform changes found in brains from hunt hounds failing to keep up
with the rest of the pack, along with the results of SAF extractions
from fresh brain material from these same animals. SAFs were not found
in brains unless spongiform changes were also present. The spongiform
changes were not pathognomonic (ie. conclusive proof) for prion disease,
as they were atypical, being largely present in white matter rather than
grey matter in the brain and spinal cord. However, Tony Scott, then head
of electron microscopy work on TSEs, had no doubt that these SAFs were
genuine and that these hounds therefore must have had a scrapie-like
disease. I reviewed all the sections myself (original notes appended)
and although the pathology was not typical, I could not exclude the
possibility that this was a scrapie-like disorder, as white matter
vacuolation is seen in TSEs and Wallerian degeneration was also present
in the white matter of the hounds, another feature of scrapie.

38.I reviewed the literature on hound neuropathology, and discovered
that micrographs and descriptive neuropathology from papers on 'hound
ataxia' mirrored those in material from Robert Higgins' hound survey. Dr
Tony Palmer (Cambridge) had done much of this work, and I obtained
original sections from hound ataxia cases from him. This enabled me
provisionally to conclude that Robert Higgins had in all probability
detected hound ataxia, but also that hound ataxia itself was possibly a
TSE. Gerald Wells confirmed in 'blind' examination of single restricted
microscopic fields that there was no distinction between the white
matter vacuolation present in BSE and scrapie cases, and that occurring
in hound ataxia and the hound survey cases.

39.Hound ataxia had reportedly been occurring since the 1930's, and a
known risk factor for its development was the feeding to hounds of
downer cows, and particularly bovine offal. Circumstantial evidence
suggests that bovine offal may also be causal in FSE, and TME in mink.
Despite the inconclusive nature of the neuropathology, it was clearly
evident that this putative canine spongiform encephalopathy merited
further investigation.

40.The inconclusive results in hounds were never confirmed, nor was the
link with hound ataxia pursued. I telephoned Robert Higgins six years
after he first sent the slides to CVL. I was informed that despite his
submitting a yearly report to the CVO including the suggestion that the
hound work be continued, no further work had been done since 1991. This
was surprising, to say the very least.

41.The hound work could have provided valuable evidence that a
scrapie-like agent may have been present in cattle offal long before the
BSE epidemic was recognised. The MAFF hound survey remains unpublished.

Histopathological support to various other published MAFF experiments

42.These included neuropathological examination of material from
experiments studying the attempted transmission of BSE to chickens and
pigs (CVL 1991) and to mice (RVC 1994).

nothing to offer scientifically;

maddogs and Englishman


AS implied in the Inset 25 we must not _ASSUME_ that
transmission of BSE to other species will invariably
present pathology typical of a scrapie-like disease.


Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in
Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed Comment
Number: EC -10 Accepted - Volume 2 [PART 1]

Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in
Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed Comment
Number: EC -11 Accepted - Volume 2 [PART 2]

FDA BSE Update - Pet Food from Canadian Manufacturer & MAD DOG DATA



August 22, 2003 5:11 PM

Mad cat disease

A second case of feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE), a disease
affecting the brain tissue of cats, has been recorded in Switzerland.
The veterinary authorities said the likely cause of the infection, which
is similar to mad cow disease, was contaminated pet food. A first case
of FSE was reported two years ago. Experts say the disease poses no
health risk for people.



Terry S. Singeltary Sr. wrote:

> ######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
> #########
> This report describes the outcome of a mission carried out by the Food
> and Veterinary
> Office (FVO) in Greece, from 15 to 19March 2004.
> The objective of the mission was to evaluate the system in place
> concerning the safe
> disposal and destruction of animal by-products to give effect to EC
> rules on animal byproducts
> not intended for human consumption (ABP), as laid down in Regulation
> (EC) No
> 1774/2002.
> In terms of scope, the mission focused on the capability of the
> competent authorities to
> ensure the correct handling and storage of ABP from slaughterhouses and
> cutting plants
> until their safe rendering/disposal
> Overall, the report concludes that there are delays regarding the
> implementation of
> Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002 and substantial shortcomings in the safe
> disposal of certain
> animal by-products and in the collection of fallen stock.
> The report makes a number of recommendations addressed to the Greek
> competent
> authorities, aimed at rectifying the identified shortcomings and/or
> further enhancing the
> implementing and control measures in place.
> snip...

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