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From: TSS (216-119-144-21.ipset24.wt.net)
Subject: Anthrax Infection Confirmed in Uvalde and Val Verde Counties TEXAS & CWD SURVEILLANCE UPDATE
Date: August 16, 2004 at 11:06 am PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Anthrax Infection Confirmed in Uvalde and Val Verde Counties TEXAS & CWD SURVEILLANCE UPDATE
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2004 13:09:13 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


NEWS RELEASE
Texas Animal Health Commission
Box l2966 •Austin, Texas 78711 •(800) 550-8242• FAX (512) 719-0719
Bob Hillman, DVM • Executive Director
For info, contact Carla Everett, information officer, at 1-800-550-8242,
ext. 710,
or ceverett@tahc.state.tx.us
For Immediate Release--
Anthrax Infection Confirmed in Uvalde and Val Verde Counties;
Livestock in the Area Should Be Vaccinated
As of August 10, laboratory results have confirmed that anthrax
infection killed three
animals -- a cow, kudu and a whitetail deer -- on three premises in
Uvalde and Val
Verde Counties in Southwest Texas. Anthrax, caused by the spore-forming
Bacillus
anthracis bacteria, can remain dormant in soil for years, but may become
vegetative
after periods of wet, cool weather, followed by weeks of hot and dry
conditions.
Animals become infected when they ingest the invisible bacteria as they
graze.
“Ranchers in the Uvalde and Val Verde County area are no strangers to
naturally
occurring anthrax, and this notice should not raise undue concern to
producers,
vacationers or hunters,” said Dr. Bob Hillman, executive director of the
Texas Animal
Health Commission (TAHC), the state’s livestock and poultry health
regulatory agency.
“Anthrax is a very old disease and occurs worldwide. Wherever an
infected animal dies,
the ground becomes contaminated with the spores, unless the carcass and
soil are
burned with a very hot fire. The spores do not spread underground, so
it’s common to
see death losses in one pasture, but not across the fence,” he said. He
explained that
TAHC regulations require that the affected animal’s bedding, its
carcass, and nearby
manure be burned with wood or gasoline (tires and oil create too much
pollution), to
cleanse the ground. The livestock on the premises must then be
vaccinated and held
under quarantine for a short time, to ensure that anthrax-exposed
animals are not
moved.
“We know that anthrax is under-reported, because some ranchers find the
dead,
bloated or bloody animals and take immediately action on their own,
disposing of the
carcass and vaccinating livestock, without notifying their private
veterinary
practitioner,” said Dr. Hillman. “This disease, however, is reportable
in Texas. While
laboratory tests, conducted by the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic
Laboratory in
College Station, are needed to confirm infection, suspected cases also
are to be called
in to the TAHC at 1-800-550-8242.”
“We recommend the producers consult their private veterinary
practitioners about
vaccinating livestock, if they have livestock in the area where anthrax
infection most
often occurs, including Crockett, Val Verde, Sutton, Edwards, Kinney,
Uvalde and
Maverick counties, said Dr. Hillman. “Because we’ve had confirmed cases
in the past
in Terrell, Webb and Starr Counties, owners in this area also should
keep watch and
may want to consider vaccination, too. One of the unanswered challenges
is finding a
--more--
way to effectively deliver anthrax vaccine to grazing wildlife, which
cannot be herded
through a chute to be given an injection.
"Deer owners in these counties should check with their private
veterinary practitioner or
the TAHC, prior to collecting brain tissue from dead deer for routine
chronic wasting
disease (CWD) surveillance. CWD has not been detected in Texas, and in
some cases, we
may want to avoid opening carcasses of dead deer with signs of anthrax.
Producers in
the CWD program, however, are to report death losses," he said.
Dr. Hillman urged anyone handling or burning carcasses, or vaccinating
livestock
against anthrax to wear long sleeves and gloves to prevent potential
disease exposure.
He said skin anthrax, although rare, can cause a nasty, black sore that
requires medical
attention and antibiotics. General sanitation procedures should be
followed after
handling livestock, and equipment used on the animals should be
disinfected. Pets
should be kept away from dead carcasses or bones of dead animals, which
pose a
disease risk. Healthy animals should be moved from anthrax-contaminated
areas.
“Hunters and campers often ask about dangers posed by naturally
occurring anthrax.
We advise visitors to avoid dead animals, urge them not to swim in
creeks or tanks
where dead animals have been seen, and not to pick up shed antlers or
old animal
bones. By the time hunting season starts, cool weather usually puts an
end to cases,”
said Dr. Hillman. “When hunting, always shoot only healthy-looking
animals. By the
time an animal displays signs of anthrax, such as staggering, trembling
or convulsions,
death is inevitable.” He also said hunters and campers should talk to
their physician, if
they develop an unexplained sore on their hands or arms after an outing.
Dr. Hillman cited several actions that should be taken during an anthrax
outbreak:
1. Properly dispose of animal carcasses by burning to prevent exposure
to other
animals, such as predators or dogs. Remove healthy livestock from the area.
2. Vaccinate livestock if cases occur in the surrounding areas. Because
the anthrax
vaccine is a “live” vaccine, it should not be administered concurrently with
antibiotics. Vaccinated animals are to be withheld from slaughter for
two months.
3. Restrict movement of livestock from an affected premise until
animals can develop immunity through vaccination.
---30---
--30--
add two/Anthrax vaccination urged

http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/news/pr/2004/2004Aug10_Anthrax_Confirmed.pdf

> CWD has not been detected in Texas,

SADLY, they have not tested enough from the total population to
know if CWD is in Texas or not. time will tell though. IF they get
serious about finding and documenting CWD in sufficient numbers
here in TEXAS, sadly, i am afraid they will find it. ITs already
at NM, Texas border, TSEs knows no borders. HOWEVER,
with the recent finding of a CNS cow with high potential for BSE/TSE
in TEXAS, with one high official over ruling another official that wanted
it tested, with the high official winning out and the damn thing going
to render without being tested, head spinal cord and all. THIS weighs
heavy on the credibility of any surveillance for any TSE in TEXAS,
and speaks a great deal for the over all surveillance of TSE in the
USA...TSS


2003 CWD Surveillance Results (as
of January 1, 2004)

http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/cwd/CWD2003.gif

The image
“http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/cwd/CWD2003.gif”
cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.


2002 Negative CWD Samples by Eco-Region in Texas
(Last updated:
March 21, 2003)

http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_health/diseases/cwd/cwd.shtml

TSS





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