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From: TSS (216-119-144-36.ipset24.wt.net)
Subject: FINAL REPORT OF AN AUDIT CARRIED OUT IN CANADA and MEXICO COVERING MEAT, POULTRY AND EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION SYSTEM
Date: August 13, 2004 at 1:38 pm PST

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: FINAL REPORT OF AN AUDIT CARRIED OUT IN CANADA and MEXICO COVERING MEAT, POULTRY AND EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION SYSTEM
Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2004 11:18:00 -0500
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
To: BSE-L@UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE


######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########

FINAL REPORT OF AN AUDIT CARRIED OUT IN CANADA
COVERING CANADA’S MEAT, POULTRY AND EGG
PRODUCTS INSPECTION SYSTEM
JUNE 17 THROUGH JULY 3 1,2003

snip...

7. ESTABLISHMENT AUDITS
The FSIS auditors visited a total of 37 establishments, of which nine were slaughter
establishments and 28 were processing establishments. Two establishments were delisted
by Canada. One establishment was delisted for failure to implement their SSOPs and
poor sanitary conditions in production areas. Another establishment was delisted for
failure to meet United States regulatory requirements. Six establishments received a
Notice of Intent to Delist (NOID) at the time of the audit from Canada and one
establishment received a NOID at the time of the exit meeting for not properly
implementing the SSOPs, for an inadequate HACCP system and for not maintaining
sanitary conditions in production areas.
These establishments may retain their certification for export to the United States
provided that they correct all of the problems noted during the audit within 30 days of the
date the establishment was reviewed.
11
Specific issues are noted in the attached individual establishment review forms.

snip...

9. SANITATION CONTROLS
As stated earlier, the FSIS auditors focused on five areas of risk to assess Canada’s meat,
poultry and egg inspection system. The first of these risk areas that the FSIS auditor
reviewed was Sanitation Controls.
Based on the on-site audits of establishments, and except as noted below, Canada’s
inspection system had controls in place for SSOP programs, all aspects of facility and
equipment sanitation, the prevention of actual or potential instances of product crosscontamination,
good personal hygiene practices, and good product handling and storage
practices.
In addition, and except as noted below, Canada’s inspection system had controls in place
for water potability records, chlorination procedures, back-siphonage prevention,
temperature control, work space, ventilation, ante-mortem facilities, welfare facilities,
and outside premises.
All products that are produced in establishments certified to export to the United States
are considered eligible for exportation to the United States; therefore separation of
product is not an issue for Canada.
12
9.1 SSOP
Each establishment was evaluated to determine if the basic FSIS regulatory requirements
for SSOP were met. According to the criteria employed in the United States domestic
inspection program, SSOP regulations do not apply to egg product establishments;
therefore in the 3 1 of the 37 egg product establishment audited findings will be reported
under Sanitary Operations. The SSOP in 30 of the 3 1 establishments audited were found
to meet the basic FSIS regulatory requirements.
Basic SSOP requirements were not met in one of the 3 1 establishments audited.
On-going SSOP requirements were not met in some establishments.
In 11 of the 3 1 establishments audited, Sanitation Standard Operation
Procedures (SSOP) were not effectively implemented.
In nine of the 3 1 establishments audited, corrective actions written in the Sanitation
Standard Operation Procedures (SSOP) were ineffective or failed to prevent direct
product contamination.
In 19 of the 3 1 establishments audited, records documenting implementation,
maintenance and effectiveness, and corrective actions of the Sanitation Standard
Operation Procedures (SSOP) were incomplete or missing.
In 19 of the 3 1 establishments audited, preventive measures for pre-operational and
operational sanitation were not documented in the daily pre-operational and
operational sanitation records for each occurrence. This is a repeat finding identified
in the previous audit report
9.2 Sanitation
The following sanitation problems were noted (further details may be found in the
individual Foreign Establishment Audit Checklists, which are attached to this report):
Sanitary Operations
0 In one of the 37 establishments audited, pest controls were not effective.
0 In seven of the 37 establishments audited, construction and maintenance controls
were not effective.
In 13 of the 37 establishments audited, ventilation problems resulted in over product
condensation.
0 In one of the 37 establishments audited, dressing rooms were not adequately
maintained.
13
In six of the 37 establishments audited, sanitation controls for equipment and utensils
were not effective.
0 In 14 of the 37 establishments audited, sanitation controls for sanitary operations
were not effective.
In two of the 37 establishments audited, employee hygiene controls were not
effective.
10. ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROLS
The second of the five risk areas that the FSIS auditors reviewed was Animal Disease
Controls. These controls include ensuring adequate animal identification, humane
handling and humane slaughter, control over condemned and restricted product, and
procedures for sanitary handling of returned and reconditioned product. The auditors
determined that Canada’s inspection system had adequate controls in place in 35 of the
37 establishments audited. The following was noted:
In two of the 37 establishments audited, control over condemned and inedible product
was not effective.
One off-site rendering facility and one feed mill were audited to observe the
implementation of control measures of the two facilities and the audit procedures used by
CFIA to verify compliance. No concerns arose from the audit of these two facilities.
Canada is currently under restriction for importation into the United States of ruminant
meat and meat products (beef, veal, sheep and goat) due to risk of Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE).
11. SLAUGHTEWPROCESSING CONTROLS
The third of the five risk areas that the FSIS auditors reviewed was Slaughter/Processing
Controls. The controls include the following areas: ante-mortem inspection procedures;
ante-mortem disposition; post-mortem inspection procedures; post-mortem disposition;
ingredients identification; control of restricted ingredients; formulations; processing
schedules; equipment and records; and processing controls of cured, dried, and cooked
products.
The controls also include the implementation of HACCP systems in all meat and poultry
establishments and implementation of a generic E. coli testing program in slaughter
establishments. HACCP requirements do not apply to egg product establishments.
1 1.1 Humane Handling and Slaughter
No problems were observed.
14
1 1.2 HACCP Implementation.
All establishments approved to export meat and poultry products to the United States are
required to have developed and adequately implemented a HACCP program. Each of
these programs was evaluated according to the criteria employed in the United States'
domestic inspection program. HACCP regulations do not apply to egg product
establishments; therefore the egg product establishment findings have been reported
under section 9.2 Sanitation of this report.
The HACCP programs were reviewed during the on-site audits of the 3 1 establishments.
Basic HACCP requirement were not met in the following establishments:
In 20 of the 3 1 establishments audited, contents of HACCP plans did not contain all
required components.
On-going HACCP requirement were not met in the following establishments:
In 19 of the 3 1 establishments audited, verification and/or validation documentation
was missing.
In 13 of the 3 1 establishments audited, corrective actions for a deviation from a
critical limit did not contain all four regulatory components of corrective action.
In eight of the 3 1 establishments audited, HACCP plans were not adequately
reassessed.
In three of the 3 1 establishments audited, records for documentation of the written
HACCP plan were not properly completed.
In three of the 3 1 establishments audited, pre-shipment review records were lacking.
This is a repeat finding identified in the previous audit report.
1 1.3 Testing for Generic E. coli
Canada has adopted the FSIS regulatory requirements for generic E. coli testing.
The nine slaughter establishments audited were required to meet the basic FSIS
regulatory requirements for generic E. coli testing and were evaluated according to the
criteria employed in the United States' domestic inspection program.
Testing for generic E. coli was properly conducted in seven of the nine slaughter
establishments. In two of the establishments audited, E. coli testing results were not
evaluated properly.
In the two establishments, statistical process control procedures had not been
developed. as required, to evaluate the results of the testing. The tu-o establishments
Lvere using the incision data in evaluating sponge sampling results.
11.4 Testing for Listeria monocytogenes
Fourteen of the 3 1 meat and poultry establishments audited were producing ready-to-eat
products for export to the United States. In accordance with United States requirements,
the HACCP plans in 11 meat and poultry establishments had been reassessed to include
Listeria monocytogenes as a hazard reasonably likely to occur.
In three of the 14 establishments producing ready-to-eat product, Listeria
monocytogenes was not considered as a hazard reasonably likely to occur in their
ready-to-eat process.
12. RESIDUE CONTROLS
The fourth of the five risk areas that the FSIS auditors reviewed was Residue Controls.
These controls include sample handling and frequency, timely analysis, data reporting,
tissue matrices for analysis, equipment operation and printouts, minimum detection
levels, recovery frequency, percent recoveries, and corrective actions. The three CFIA
residue laboratories audited were located in Darthmouth; Nova Scotia, St-Hyacinthe;
Quebec, and Saskatoon; Saskatchewan. The CFIA residue laboratory, located in
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, performed all sample analysis for Canada’s National Residue
Pro gram.
No problems were observed.
Canada’s National Residue Testing Plan for fiscal year April 1, 2003 through March 3 1,
2004, was being followed and was on schedule.
13. ENFORCEMENT CONTROLS
The fikh of the five risk areas that the FSIS auditors reviewed was Enforcement Controls.
These controls include the enforcement of inspection requirements and the testing
program for Salmonella.
13.1 Daily Inspection in Establishments
Inspection was being conducted daily in all slaughter establishments. Daily inspection
coverage for processing activities in 10 of the 28 processing establishments audited was
not always provided as required by FSIS import regulatory requirements. All processed
product produced in establishments eligible for export to the United States is eligible for
export to the United States.

snip...

13.5 Inspection System Controls
The CCA had controls in place for ante-mortem and post-mortem inspection procedures
and dispositions; restricted product and inspection samples; disposition of dead, dying,
diseased or disabled animals; shipment security, including shipment between
establishments; and prevention of commingling of product intended for export to the
United States with product intended for the domestic market. The following inspection
controls that were not effective were identified:
In one of the nine slaughter establishments audited, ante-mortem inspection
procedures were not performed according to FSIS regulatory requirements for cows.
In three of the nine slaughter establishments audited, an alternative high-speed post-
mortem inspection procedure was used. This procedure had not been submitted for
equivalence.
In five of the nine slaughter establishments audited, post-mortem inspection
procedures were not performed according to FSIS regulatory requirements. The three
establishments using an alternative high-speed post-mortem inspection procedure is
included in the five establishments under this bullet.
In eight of the 37 establishments audited, CFIA local inspectors did not maintain
records for monitoring or frequency for hands on pre-operational sanitation
verification procedures.
17
In 32 of the 37 establishments audited. FSIS regulatory requirements were not
enforced. SSOP and HACCP requirements. as identified in the individual
establishment reports. were not identified by CFIA in SSOP and HACCP verification
activities as non compliances to be corrected by the establishment.
In 10 of the 37 establishments audited, daily inspection coverage for processing
activities was not aim-ays provided as required by FSIS import regulatory
requirements.
In one of the nine slaughter establishments audited adequate staffing was not
provided for postmortem inspection.

snip...

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/FAR/Canada/CanadaJun2003.pdf

FINAL REPORT OF AN AUDIT CARRIED OUT IN MEXICO
COVERING CANADA’S MEAT, POULTRY AND EGG
PRODUCTS INSPECTION SYSTEM MAY 13 THROUGH JUNE 5 2003

snip...

49/50 - NO official inspector was present during the establishment's third
processing shift.

51 - GOVERNMENT officials were NOT adequately enforcing
all U.S. requirements.

snip...

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/FAR/Mexico/Mexico2003.pdf

OTHER COUNTRIES;

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Regulations_&_Policies/Foreign_Audit_Reports/index.asp

Addition of San Marino to the List of Countries Eligible To
Export Meat and Meat Products to the United States

snip...

The Agency notes that APHIS has classified San Marino as
having a substantial risk associated with Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE). Although pork is the specific product proposed
for import into the United States from San Marino, FSIS considered BSE
risk in its evaluation process. APHIS is responsible for keeping
foreign animal diseases out of the United States. APHIS sets forth
restrictions on the importation of any fresh, frozen, and chilled meat,
meat products, and edible products from countries in which certain
animal diseases exist. Those products that APHIS has restricted from
entering the United States will be refused entry.
FSIS and APHIS work closely together and communicate regularly to
ensure that meat and meat products imported into the United States
comply with the regulatory requirements of both agencies.
The full report on San Marino can be found on the FSIS Web site at
http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Far/index.htm .

====================================

NO AUDIT REPORT;


San Marino None None None


=================================

snip...

http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06jun20041800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2004/04-18567.htm

TSS

######### http://mailhost-alt.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/warc/bse-l.html ##########





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