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From: TSS ()
Subject: Imported and indigenous BSE cases in Germany
Date: July 28, 2007 at 8:57 am PST

Imported and indigenous BSE cases in Germany

Anne Buschmanna, Franz J. Conrathsb, Thomas Selhorstb, Julia Schultza, Matthias Kramerb and Martin H. Groschupa, ,
aFriedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Institute for Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Boddenblick 5a, 17493 Greifswald, Insel Riems, Germany
bFriedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Institute of Epidemiology, Wusterhausen, Germany

Available online 8 April 2007.


Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a transmissible fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle with an average incubation time of five years. The first BSE case in an indigenous cow was detected in Germany in November 2000. This was almost eight years after the huge BSE epidemic in the United Kingdom had peaked, and several years after many EU member states had seen their first BSE case. In the 1990s, BSE had been diagnosed in six imported animals in Germany. However, after the implementation of an active surveillance programme using BSE rapid testing systems, 399 indigenous German BSE cases have been found up to the end of July 2006. The birth cohorts of 1995–1997 contribute to the vast majority of the first 250 German cases that were diagnosed between 2000 and 2003. However, the most recent German BSE cases belong primarily to the birth cohorts 1998–2000 which is indicative of a recycling of BSE infectivity at that time. Moreover, there were two BSE cases in cattle born in spring 2001, i.e. after the meat and bone meal feed ban had come into effect on 2nd December 2000. In this article, we describe the dynamics of the German BSE epidemic and compare these data with those of other countries that observed larger numbers of cases.

Keywords: BSE epidemic; Bovine spongiform encephalopathy; Surveillance

Corresponding author. Tel.: +49 38351 7 163; fax: +49 38351 7 191.

Veterinary Microbiology
Volume 123, Issue 4, 31 August 2007, Pages 287-293
Recent Progress in Prion Research - Scientific Advances Reported at the Concluding Meeting of the German TSE Research Platform, German TSE Research Platform


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