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From: TSS ()
Subject: SENATOR HARKIN LOST IN TRANSITION ON USA MAD COW COVER-UP
Date: May 4, 2007 at 8:36 am PST

Harkin says Canada's feed ban not working
Thursday, May 3, 2007, 2:46 PM

by Peter Shinn

Canada announced Wednesday it had discovered its tenth case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in an animal born around November of 2001, more than four years after Canada implemented a ruminant-to-ruminant feed ban. USDA has a final rule pending that will, essentially, allow all Canadian cattle born after March of 1999 into the U.S.

But Senate Agriculture Committee Chairman Tom Harkin of Iowa said Thursday he doesn't think USDA should finalize that rule just yet. According to Harkin, that's because five of the 10 Canadian BSE cases occurred in cattle born after Canada’s feed ban took effect.

"It indicates to me that the Canadian system is just broken down," Harkin told Brownfield. "They don't have a good inspection, a good oversight system, in Canada, and therefore, we can't just be allowing their animals over 30 months of age into the U.S."

Indeed, Harkin suggested the five BSE-positive head of cattle born in Canada after the country implemented its feed ban may be just the tip of the iceberg. That, Harkin said, is reason enough for USDA to reexamine its proposed final rule.

"I mean, if there's five that we caught, how many are there that we didn't catch?" Harkin posited. "So, I'm really concerned about the USDA plans."

But Harkin stopped short of saying Congress should block USDA’s proposed rule to allow older Canadian cattle back across the border. Instead, Harkin said USDA should take action, though he was a bit vague on exactly what USDA should do.

"I want some more assurances - let me put it this way - from USDA that they are going to be tougher on Canada, and that we're going to insist that Canada must spend the money - they have to do whatever it takes to get their system more comprehensive and responsible," Harkin said. "They just haven't."

Such assurances may not be forthcoming. Andrea McNally, spokeswoman for USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), told Brownfield the most recent case of Canadian BSE hasn't changed the Agency's view on its proposed final rule.

"We based that proposal on a risk assessment that acknowledged that BSE is present in Canada and took into account that there may be further cases of BSE in Canada," McNally said. "And that risk assessment still found that the importation of those additional commodities would pose negligible risk to animal health or food safety in the United States."

USDA hasn’t yet set a firm date for when the rule allowing older Canadian cattle into the U.S. will be implemented. Critics of the proposed rule, including South Dakota State Veterinarian Dr. Sam Holland, have said it doesn’t provide sufficient traceability for Canadian cattle once they’re in the U.S. Supporters of USDA's rule have suggested, given all the BSE risk mitigation measures the U.S. and Canada both have in place, that a handful of additional BSE cases in either country is largely irrelevant from the perspective of animal and human health.


Related Links:
USDA APHIS
Senator Tom Harkin

http://www.brownfieldnetwork.com/gestalt/go.cfm?objectid=5379CB12-9D7F-27AF-B5A8758C2DD8E162


"It indicates to me that the Canadian system is just broken down," Harkin told Brownfield. "They don't have a good inspection, a good oversight system, in Canada, and therefore, we can't just be allowing their animals over 30 months of age into the U.S."


Senator Harkin is either in bed with the fda/usda, or he is oblivious to the failed mad cow feed ban, failed surveillance and testing protocols for BSE as well. I hope it's the latter, because we have enough of the industry sleeping with this administration here in the USA. just several months ago in the USA the FDA recalled some 10,000,000 LBS. OF BANNED BLOOD LACED MBM, and it is already in commerce. and that is a drop in the bucket to what was put out into commerce last year in the USA. Harkin needs to clean up the mess in the USA before complaining about Canada. at least they are looking and testing to find. a far cry to what the USA has been doing. dont believe me, look for yourself, and remember, in Texas, where the Triple SSS policy is alive and well, we dont' test highly suspect stumbling and staggering mad cows, we send them straight to the render, unless the OIG finds out about it first, and then it takes 7+ months and an act of Congress to finally get a mad cow confirmed. Senator Harkins comment is like the pot calling the kettle black. ...

Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
a disgusted Democrat in Bacliff, Texas USA

10,000,000+ LBS. of PROHIBITED BANNED MAD COW FEED I.E. MBM IN COMMERCE USA 2007



Date: March 21, 2007 at 2:27 pm PST
RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINES -- CLASS II
___________________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk cattle feed made with recalled Darling’s 85% Blood Meal, Flash Dried, Recall # V-024-2007
CODE
Cattle feed delivered between 01/12/2007 and 01/26/2007
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Pfeiffer, Arno, Inc, Greenbush, WI. by conversation on February 5, 2007. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Blood meal used to make cattle feed was recalled because it was cross-contaminated with prohibited bovine meat and bone meal that had been manufactured on common equipment and labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
42,090 lbs.
DISTRIBUTION
WI

___________________________________
PRODUCT
Custom dairy premix products: MNM ALL PURPOSE Pellet, HILLSIDE/CDL Prot-Buffer Meal, LEE, M.-CLOSE UP PX Pellet, HIGH DESERT/ GHC LACT Meal, TATARKA, M CUST PROT Meal, SUNRIDGE/CDL PROTEIN Blend, LOURENZO, K PVM DAIRY Meal, DOUBLE B DAIRY/GHC LAC Mineral, WEST PIONT/GHC CLOSEUP Mineral, WEST POINT/GHC LACT Meal, JENKS, J/COMPASS PROTEIN Meal, COPPINI – 8# SPECIAL DAIRY Mix, GULICK, L-LACT Meal (Bulk), TRIPLE J – PROTEIN/LACTATION, ROCK CREEK/GHC MILK Mineral, BETTENCOURT/GHC S.SIDE MK-MN, BETTENCOURT #1/GHC MILK MINR, V&C DAIRY/GHC LACT Meal, VEENSTRA, F/GHC LACT Meal, SMUTNY, A-BYPASS ML W/SMARTA, Recall # V-025-2007
CODE
The firm does not utilize a code - only shipping documentation with commodity and weights identified.
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Rangen, Inc, Buhl, ID, by letters on February 13 and 14, 2007. Firm initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Products manufactured from bulk feed containing blood meal that was cross contaminated with prohibited meat and bone meal and the labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
9,997,976 lbs.
DISTRIBUTION
ID and NV

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR MARCH 21, 2007


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2007/ENF00996.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL USA SEPT 6, 2006 1961.72 TONS IN COMMERCE AL,
TN, AND WV
Date: September 6, 2006 at 7:58 am PST

PRODUCT
a) EVSRC Custom dairy feed, Recall # V-130-6;
b) Performance Chick Starter, Recall # V-131-6;
c) Performance Quail Grower, Recall # V-132-6;
d) Performance Pheasant Finisher, Recall # V-133-6.
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Donaldson & Hasenbein/dba J&R Feed Service, Inc., Cullman, AL, by telephone
on June 23, 2006 and by letter dated July 19, 2006. Firm initiated recall is
complete.
REASON
Dairy and poultry feeds were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
477.72 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Dairy feed, custom, Recall # V-134-6;
b) Custom Dairy Feed with Monensin, Recall # V-135-6.
CODE
None. Bulk product
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Burkmann Feed, Greeneville, TN, by Telephone beginning on
June 28, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL. Firm initiated
recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy feeds with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,484 tons
DISTRIBUTION
TN and WV


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00968.html

Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALLS ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006 KY, LA,
MS, AL, GA, AND TN 11,000+ TONS
Date: August 16, 2006 at 9:19 am PST

RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE - CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-115-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Hiseville Feed & Seed Co., Hiseville, KY, by telephone and letter on or
about July 14, 2006. FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
Approximately 2,223 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-116-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Rips Farm Center, Tollesboro, KY, by telephone and letter on July 14, 2006.
FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,220 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-117-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Kentwood Co-op, Kentwood, LA, by telephone on June 27, 2006. FDA initiated
recall is completed.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
40 tons
DISTRIBUTION
LA and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk Dairy Feed, Recall V-118-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Cal Maine Foods, Inc., Edwards, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. FDA
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,150 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-119-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Walthall County Co-op, Tylertown, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
87 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-120-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Ware Milling Inc., Houston, MS, by telephone on June 23, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
350 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Tucker Milling, LLC Tm 32% Sinking Fish Grower, #2680-Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-121-6;
b) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-122-6;
c) Tucker Milling, LLC #31232 Game Bird Grower,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-123-6;
d) Tucker Milling, LLC 31227-Crumble, Game Bird Starter, BMD
Medicated, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-124-6;
e) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-125-6;
f) Tucker Milling, LLC #30230, 30 % Turkey Starter, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-126-6;
g) Tucker Milling, LLC #30116, TM Broiler Finisher,
50 lb bags, Recall # V-127-6
CODE
All products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/20/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Tucker Milling LLC, Guntersville, AL, by telephone and visit
on June 20, 2006, and by letter on June 23, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker and Brothers Inc., Stamford, CT. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Poultry and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein were not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,541-50 lb bags
DISTRIBUTION
AL, GA, MS, and TN

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ENFORCE/2006/ENF00964.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL MI MAMMALIAN PROTEIN VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN
COMMERCE 27,694,240 lbs
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:14 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy feds manufactured from concentrates, Recall # V-113-6
CODE
All dairy feeds produced between 2/1/05 and 6/16/06 and containing H. J.
Baker recalled feed products.
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Vita Plus Corp., Gagetown, MI, by visit beginning on June 21, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
The feed was manufactured from materials that may have been contaminated
with mammalian protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
27,694,240 lbs
DISTRIBUTION
MI


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL AL AND FL VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 125
TONS Products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:16 pm PST
PRODUCT
a) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish, Recall # V-100-6;
b) Performance Sheep Pell W/Decox/A/N, medicated,
net wt. 50 lbs, Recall # V-101-6;
c) Pro 40% Swine Conc Meal -- 50 lb, Recall # V-102-6;
d) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish Food Medicated,
Recall # V-103-6;
e) "Big Jim's" BBB Deer Ration, Big Buck Blend,
Recall # V-104-6;
f) CO-OP 40% Hog Supplement Medicated Pelleted,
Tylosin 100 grams/ton, 50 lb. bag, Recall # V-105-6;
g) Pig Starter Pell II, 18% W/MCDX Medicated 282020,
Carbadox -- 0.0055%, Recall # V-106-6;
h) CO-OP STARTER-GROWER CRUMBLES, Complete
Feed for Chickens from Hatch to 20 Weeks, Medicated,
Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate, 25 and 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-107-6;
i) CO-OP LAYING PELLETS, Complete Feed for Laying
Chickens, Recall # 108-6;
j) CO-OP LAYING CRUMBLES, Recall # V-109-6;
k) CO-OP QUAIL FLIGHT CONDITIONER MEDICATED,
net wt 50 Lbs, Recall # V-110-6;
l) CO-OP QUAIL STARTER MEDICATED, Net Wt. 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-111-6;
m) CO-OP QUAIL GROWER MEDICATED, 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-112-6
CODE
Product manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Alabama Farmers Cooperative, Inc., Decatur, AL, by telephone, fax, email and
visit on June 9, 2006. FDA initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Animal and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
125 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and FL


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL KY VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE ?????
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:19 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-114-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Burkmann Feeds LLC, Glasgow, KY, by letter on July 14, 2006. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak, which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
?????
DISTRIBUTION
KY
END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


CJD WATCH MESSAGE BOARD
TSS
MAD COW FEED RECALL USA EQUALS 10,878.06 TONS NATIONWIDE
Sun Jul 16, 2006 09:22
71.248.128.67


RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE -- CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) PRO-LAK, bulk weight, Protein Concentrate for Lactating Dairy Animals,
Recall # V-079-6;
b) ProAmino II, FOR PREFRESH AND LACTATING COWS, net weight 50lb (22.6 kg),
Recall # V-080-6;
c) PRO-PAK, MARINE & ANIMAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATE FOR USE IN ANIMAL
FEED, Recall # V-081-6;
d) Feather Meal, Recall # V-082-6
CODE
a) Bulk
b) None
c) Bulk
d) Bulk
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL, by telephone on June 15, 2006 and
by press release on June 16, 2006. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feeds with ruminent derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
10,878.06 tons
DISTRIBUTION
Nationwide

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR July 12, 2006

###

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00960.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED BAN WARNING LETTER ISSUED MAY 17, 2006
Date: June 27, 2006 at 7:42 am PST
Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration

New Orleans District
297 Plus Park Blvd.
Nashville, TN 37217

Telephone: 615-781-5380
Fax: 615-781-5391

May 17, 2006

WARNING LETTER NO. 2006-NOL-06

FEDERAL EXPRESS
OVERNIGHT DELIVERY

Mr. William Shirley, Jr., Owner
Louisiana.DBA Riegel By-Products
2621 State Street
Dallas, Texas 75204

Dear Mr. Shirley:

On February 12, 17, 21, and 22, 2006, a U.S. Food & Drug Administration
(FDA) investigator inspected your rendering plant, located at 509 Fortson
Street, Shreveport, Louisiana. The inspection revealed significant
deviations from the requirements set forth in Title 21, Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 589.2000 [21 CFR 589.2000], Animal Proteins Prohibited in
Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and
amplification of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). You failed to
follow the requirements of this regulation; products being manufactured and
distributed by your facility are misbranded within the meaning of Section
403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(the Act).

Our investigation found you failed to provide measures, including sufficient
written procedures, to prevent commingling or cross-contamination and to
maintain sufficient written procedures [21 CFR 589.2000(e)] because:

You failed to use clean-out procedures or other means adequate to prevent
carryover of protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein or
feeds which may be used for ruminants. For example, your facility uses the
same equipment to process mammalian and poultry tissues. However, you use
only hot water to clean the cookers between processing tissues from each
species. You do not clean the auger, hammer mill, grinder, and spouts after
processing mammalian tissues.

You failed to maintain written procedures specifying the clean-out
procedures or other means to prevent carryover of protein derived from
mammalian tissues into feeds which may be used for ruminants.

As a result . the poultry meal you manufacture may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues prohibited in ruminant feed. Pursuant to 21 CFR
589.2000(e)(1)(i), any products containing or may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues must be labeled, "Do not feed to cattle or other
ruminants." Since you failed to label a product which may contain protein
derived from mammalian tissues with the required cautionary statement. the
poultry meal is misbranded under Section 403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the
Act.

This letter is not intended as an all-inclusive list of violations at your
facility. As a manufacturer of materials intended for animal feed use, you
are responsible for ensuring your overall operation and the products you
manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take
prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system
whereby violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these
violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and/or
injunction, without further notice.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receiving
this letter, outlining the specific steps you have taken to bring your firm
into compliance with the law. Your response should include an explanation of
each step taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If
corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the
reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be
completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating
corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Mark W. Rivero, Compliance Officer, U.S.
Food and Drug Administration, 2424 Edenborn Avenue, Suite 410, Metairie,
Louisiana 70001. If you have questions regarding any issue in this letter,
please contact Mr. Rivero at (504) 219-8818, extension 103.

Sincerely,

/S

Carol S. Sanchez
Acting District Director
New Orleans District


http://www.fda.gov/foi/warning_letters/g5883d.htm


[Docket No. FSIS-2006-0011] FSIS Harvard Risk Assessment of Bovine
Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/2006-0011/2006-0011-1.pdf

[Docket No. 03-025IFA] FSIS Prohibition of the Use of Specified Risk
Materials for Human Food and Requirement for the Disposition of
Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/03-025IFA/03-025IFA-2.pdf

THE SEVEN SCIENTIST REPORT ***


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273-EC244-Attach-1.pdf


Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION]

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/03n0312/03N-0312_emc-000001.txt


Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in

Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed

Comment Number: EC -10

Accepted - Volume 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be07.html


PART 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be09.html


THE USDA JUNE 2004 ENHANCED BSE SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM WAS TERRIBLY FLAWED ;


CDC DR. PAUL BROWN TSE EXPERT COMMENTS 2006


The U.S. Department of Agriculture was quick to assure the public earlier
this week that the third case of mad cow disease did not pose a risk to
them, but what federal officials have not acknowledged is that this latest
case indicates the deadly disease has been circulating in U.S. herds for at
least a decade.

The second case, which was detected last year in a Texas cow and which USDA
officials were reluctant to verify, was approximately 12 years old.

These two cases (the latest was detected in an Alabama cow) present a
picture of the disease having been here for 10 years or so, since it is
thought that cows usually contract the disease from contaminated feed they
consume as calves. The concern is that humans can contract a fatal,
incurable, brain-wasting illness from consuming beef products contaminated
with the mad cow pathogen.

"The fact the Texas cow showed up fairly clearly implied the existence of
other undetected cases," Dr. Paul Brown, former medical director of the
National Institutes of Health's Laboratory for Central Nervous System
Studies and an expert on mad cow-like diseases, told United Press
International. "The question was, 'How many?' and we still can't answer
that."

Brown, who is preparing a scientific paper based on the latest two mad cow
cases to estimate the maximum number of infected cows that occurred in the
United States, said he has "absolutely no confidence in USDA tests before
one year ago" because of the agency's reluctance to retest the Texas cow
that initially tested positive.

USDA officials finally retested the cow and confirmed it was infected seven
months later, but only at the insistence of the agency's inspector general.

"Everything they did on the Texas cow makes everything USDA did before 2005
suspect," Brown said. ...snip...end


http://www.upi.com/ConsumerHealthDaily/view.php?StoryID=20060315-055557-1284r


CDC - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Variant Creutzfeldt ...
Dr. Paul Brown is Senior Research Scientist in the Laboratory of Central
Nervous System ... Address for correspondence: Paul Brown, Building 36, Room
4A-05, ...


http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no1/brown.htm

PAUL BROWN COMMENT TO ME ON THIS ISSUE

Tuesday, September 12, 2006 11:10 AM


"Actually, Terry, I have been critical of the USDA handling of the mad cow
issue for some years, and with Linda Detwiler and others sent lengthy
detailed critiques and recommendations to both the USDA and the Canadian
Food Agency."


OR, what the Honorable Phyllis Fong of the OIG found ;


Audit Report

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program – Phase II

and

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Controls Over BSE Sampling, Specified Risk Materials, and Advanced Meat
Recovery Products - Phase III

Report No. 50601-10-KC January 2006

Finding 2 Inherent Challenges in Identifying and Testing High-Risk Cattle
Still Remain


http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/50601-10-KC.pdf


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Statement
May 4, 2004
Media Inquiries: 301-827-6242
Consumer Inquiries: 888-INFO-FDA


Statement on Texas Cow With Central Nervous System Symptoms
On Friday, April 30 th , the Food and Drug Administration learned that a cow with central nervous system symptoms had been killed and shipped to a processor for rendering into animal protein for use in animal feed.

FDA, which is responsible for the safety of animal feed, immediately began an investigation. On Friday and throughout the weekend, FDA investigators inspected the slaughterhouse, the rendering facility, the farm where the animal came from, and the processor that initially received the cow from the slaughterhouse.

FDA's investigation showed that the animal in question had already been rendered into "meat and bone meal" (a type of protein animal feed). Over the weekend FDA was able to track down all the implicated material. That material is being held by the firm, which is cooperating fully with FDA.

Cattle with central nervous system symptoms are of particular interest because cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE, also known as "mad cow disease," can exhibit such symptoms. In this case, there is no way now to test for BSE. But even if the cow had BSE, FDA's animal feed rule would prohibit the feeding of its rendered protein to other ruminant animals (e.g., cows, goats, sheep, bison).

FDA is sending a letter to the firm summarizing its findings and informing the firm that FDA will not object to use of this material in swine feed only. If it is not used in swine feed, this material will be destroyed. Pigs have been shown not to be susceptible to BSE. If the firm agrees to use the material for swine feed only, FDA will track the material all the way through the supply chain from the processor to the farm to ensure that the feed is properly monitored and used only as feed for pigs.

To protect the U.S. against BSE, FDA works to keep certain mammalian protein out of animal feed for cattle and other ruminant animals. FDA established its animal feed rule in 1997 after the BSE epidemic in the U.K. showed that the disease spreads by feeding infected ruminant protein to cattle.

Under the current regulation, the material from this Texas cow is not allowed in feed for cattle or other ruminant animals. FDA's action specifying that the material go only into swine feed means also that it will not be fed to poultry.

FDA is committed to protecting the U.S. from BSE and collaborates closely with the U.S. Department of Agriculture on all BSE issues. The animal feed rule provides crucial protection against the spread of BSE, but it is only one of several such firewalls. FDA will soon be improving the animal feed rule, to make this strong system even stronger.

####

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2004/NEW01061.html


> The approach that the editors of this list are taking will result in
> downers being shot and burned, buried or left for the coyotes in the
> pasture


your kidding right, this has been going of for eons.


IN Texas the Triple SSS policy is alive and well. most all downers and sick
cattle that drop are burried right where they drop in Texas ;

"Anthrax is under-reported, because many ranchers in this area automatically
dispose

of carcasses and vaccinate livestock when they find dead animals that are
bloated or

bloody--common signs of the disease," said Dr. Fancher. "Anthrax is a
reportable

disease, however, and it's important to know when an outbreak occurs, so
other

ranchers can be notified to vaccinate.


http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/news/pr/2005/2005Jul_Anthrax_Confirmed_in_SuttonCty.pdf


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0704&L=sanet-mg&P=13159


USA MAD COW STRAIN MORE VIRULENT TO HUMANS THAN UK STRAIN

18 January 2007 - Draft minutes of the SEAC 95 meeting (426 KB) held on 7
December 2006 are now available.


snip...

64. A member noted that at the recent Neuroprion meeting, a study was
presented showing that in transgenic mice BSE passaged in sheep may be more
virulent and infectious to a wider range of species than bovine derived BSE.

Other work presented suggested that BSE and bovine amyloidotic spongiform
encephalopathy (BASE) MAY BE RELATED. A mutation had been identified in the
prion protein gene in an AMERICAN BASE CASE THAT WAS SIMILAR IN NATURE TO A
MUTATION FOUND IN CASES OF SPORADIC CJD.


snip...

http://www.seac.gov.uk/minutes/95.pdf


3:30 Transmission of the Italian Atypical BSE (BASE) in Humanized Mouse

Models Qingzhong Kong, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Pathology, Case Western Reserve
University

Bovine Amyloid Spongiform Encephalopathy (BASE) is an atypical BSE strain
discovered recently in Italy, and similar or different atypical BSE cases
were also reported in other countries. The infectivity and phenotypes of
these atypical BSE strains in humans are unknown. In collaboration with
Pierluigi Gambetti, as well as Maria Caramelli and her co-workers, we have
inoculated transgenic mice expressing human prion protein with brain
homogenates from BASE or BSE infected cattle. Our data shows that about half
of the BASE-inoculated mice became infected with an average incubation time
of about 19 months; in contrast, none of the BSE-inoculated mice appear to
be infected after more than 2 years.

***These results indicate that BASE is transmissible to humans and suggest that BASE is more virulent than
classical BSE in humans.***


6:30 Close of Day One


http://www.healthtech.com/2007/tse/day1.asp


SEE STEADY INCREASE IN SPORADIC CJD IN THE USA FROM
1997 TO 2006. SPORADIC CJD CASES TRIPLED, with phenotype
of 'UNKNOWN' strain growing. ...


http://www.cjdsurveillance.com/resources-casereport.html

There is a growing number of human CJD cases, and they were presented last
week in San Francisco by Luigi Gambatti(?) from his CJD surveillance
collection.

He estimates that it may be up to 14 or 15 persons which display selectively
SPRPSC and practically no detected RPRPSC proteins.


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/06/transcripts/1006-4240t1.htm


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/06/transcripts/2006-4240t1.pdf



----- Original Message -----
From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
To: Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Sent: Thursday, March 29, 2007 3:27 PM
Subject: BSE; MRR; Importation of Live Bovines and Products Derived from Bovines Commodities


Docket Title Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Minimal-Risk Regions; Importation of Live Bovines and Products Derived from Bovines Commodities
Docket Type RULE
Document ID APHIS-2006-0041-0397
Views
Add Comments
How To Comment
Title Comment from Leonard Boswell, Rick Larsen, Randy Kuhl, and 10 more members of Congress
Abstract
Type PUBLIC SUBMISSIONS
Sub-Type Public Comment
CFR Citation
Effective Date
Paperwork Control No.
Received Date
RIN
Federal Register Number
Date Posted 03/19/2007
Comment Start Date 01/09/2007
Comments Due 03/12/2007


http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=090000648021622c&disposition=attachment&contentType=pdf



Title Comment from Stephanie Herseth, Member of Congress


http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=0900006480216224&disposition=attachment&contentType=pdf


Comment from Nancy K Peterson, Montana Department of Agriculture

http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=090000648021621a&disposition=attachment&contentType=pdf


Comment from Edward J Farrell on behalf of Canadian Cattlemen's Association


Indeed, with respect to United States-Canada bilateral trade, this proposed rule is best

viewed as one more step in the normalization of the trade in beef and cattle between the United

States and Canada, which was interrupted in May 2003 when a BSE-positive cow was found in

Alberta, Canada. Prior to that discovery, the trade in cattle and beef products between Canada

and the United States was substantial. In the five year period 1999 to 2003 the United States

imported 1,643,905 tons of beef and beef products, and 5,454,405 head of cattle from Canada.

During the same period Canada imported 485,539 tons of beef and beef products, and 756,048

head of cattle from the United States. This level of trade is indicative of the integration of the

North American beef and cattle complex. Because of this historical integration of the North

American market, as well as the virtually identical BSE mitigations in place in Canada and the

United States, the United States and Canada share virtually identical risk profiles for BSE - i.e.,

low and declining.




snip...

Cattle imports from Canada under the proposed rule may be smaller than has been

estimated by the United States. Fewer imports from Canada would moderate the impacts

summarized. Sumner notes however, that the positive impacts remain for both producers and

consumers.

Finally, both producer and consumer gains in the United States would be even larger if

the proposed restrictions on date of birth were removed from the proposed rule for cattle for

immediate slaughter. Sumner shows that removing these restrictions would enhance the

benefits of relaxing border restrictions and result in even larger gains for beef and cattle

producers and consumers.

Turning now to our specific comments: First, USDA is proposing to specify in

3 93.436(b)(2), in addition to the options for permanent identification already included, that

cattle imported from BSE minimal risk regions can be identified with a tattoo on the inside of

one ear, that identifies the exporting country. CCA supports this additional identification option,

and, in general, encourages flexibility in the approval of alternate means of identification. As

such CCA believes that the administrator of APHIS should be required, upon request, to evaluate

alternate means of identification, and if they are found to be functionally equivalent to existing

methods, be required to approve them. Section 93.436(b)(2)(iii) should be amended accordingly.

Second, as proposed, the regulation would remove the requirement that the sealing of the

means of conveyance for cattle imported for immediate slaughter be done in the region of export.

Instead, it is proposed that such sealing be done at the port of entry. CCA supports this revision

which would revert to the procedures used prior to May 2003. Sealing at the port of entry would

likely reduce both the amount of time cattle will be in a sealed container and the probability that

a seal would need to be broken prior to reaching a designated slaughter facility.

Third, CCA supports USDA's proposal to allow the importation of bovine blood and

blood products from BSE minimal risk regions, but would encourage the incorporation of

administrative flexibility in the final rule to allow for the adoption of alternative, less restrictive

mitigations, should the Administrator determine them to be scientifically justified.

Fourth, CCA supports the proposals' removal of the requirements in 5 94.19(a)(2), (b)(2),

and (f), that bovine meat byproducts, meat food products and whole or half carcasses intended

for importation from BSE minimal risk regions, be derived from animals from which the entire

small intestine was removed at slaughter, instead requiring only that specified risk materials

(SRMs) be removed. As the preamble to the proposed regulation correctly notes, only the distal

ileum of the small intestine is a specified risk material, and thus is the only portion of the

intestine that need be removed to meet the SRM removal requirement. However, the proposed

regulation would require that an additional 80 inches of the uncoiled and trimmed small

intestine, as measured from the cecocolic junction, be excised. CCA believes that it is likely

unnecessary to excise so much additional intestine in order to ensure the complete removal of the

distal ileum. However, even if this provision is adopted as proposed, it should include a

delegation of authority to the Administrator to approve as a qualifying procedure any procedure

that effectively removes the distal ileum while requiring the excision of less than 80 inches of the

small intestine.

Fifth, CCA supports in principal the proposed amendment to 5 96.2 of the regulations, to

allow for the importation of casings derived from bovines from BSE minimal risk regions.

However, as the proposal would require that such casings be derived from the part of the small

intestine that is eligible for use as human food, a standard which requires the removal of 80

inches of the small intestine from the cecocolic junction, CCA reiterates its belief that it is

unnecessary to excise so much additional intestine to ensure removal of the SRM distal ileum,

and restates the proposed delegation of authority to the Administrator discussed above.

Sixth, we note that nowhere in the current regulations nor the proposed regulations is

there provision for an exemption for beef and beef products imported for personal use. Such an

exemption of 5 kg has been adopted by the Canadian regulatory authorities to address a

significant concern of tourists and truckers crossing between the countries. Under current U.S.

regulation any meat product, even a partially eaten sandwich, must be confiscated at the U.S.

border crossing, clearly sending a very negative and unjustified signal about the safety of the

beef products seized. CCA therefore requests that such an exemption for personal use be

included in the final regulation.

Finally, the regulation should clarify, either through regulatory or preamble language, the

right to transship cattle from Canada to third countries under the same conditions established for

slaughter cattle. Such animals would not enter U.S. commerce as either food or feed as their

transport would be in sealed conveyance. This would obviate the need for permanent

identification by brand, tattoo or otherwise as required for cattle entering the U.S. herd.

In the penultimate paragraph of its "Report on Measures Relating to Bovine Spongiform

Encephalopathy (BSE) in the United States," (Feb. 2,2004), the International Panel reviewing

the Washington State BSE case found in December 2003 recommended "that the U.S. should

demonstrate leadership in trade matters by adopting import/export policy in accordance with

international standards, and thus encourage the discontinuation of international trade barriers

when countries identify their first case of BSE". USDA will demonstrate this type of leadership

by adopting this rule, with the modifications proposed that are supported by the comprehensive

risk mitigations that are in place in the United States. In so doing USDA will provide a template

to open export markets based on sound science, rather than to see those markets regulated based

on irrational fear and economic self-interest. The United States and Canada must continue to

work together to successfully construct a North American system governed by science, so that

decision making is based on science, not speculation, and international markets are led to the

adoption of a rational and sustainable trade policy for cattle and beef.

March 12,2007 Respectfully submitted,


http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=090000648021367a&disposition=attachment&contentType=pdf



COMMENT FROM TERRY S. SINGELTARY SR. 1/09/2007


snip...

MY personal belief, since you ask, is that not only the Canadian border, but the
USA border, and the Mexican border should be sealed up tighter than a drum for
exporting there TSE tainted products, until a validated, 100% sensitive test is
available, and all animals for human and animal consumption are tested. all we are
doing is the exact same thing the UK did with there mad cow poisoning when they
exported it all over the globe, all the while knowing what they were doing. this BSE
MRR policy is nothing more than a legal tool to do just exactly what the UK did,
thanks to the OIE and GW, it's legal now. and they executed Saddam for
poisoning ???

go figure....

Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
P.O. Box 42
Bacliff, Texas USA 77518


see full text ;


http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=09000064801f3412&disposition=attachment&contentType=crtext



ATTACHMENT TO SINGELTARY COMMENT 1/09/2007


http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=09000064801f3413&disposition=attachment&contentType=msw8

BSE; MRR; IMPORTATION OF LIVE BOVINES AND PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM
BOVINES [Docket No. APHIS-2006-0041] RIN 0579-AC01


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0701&L=sanet-mg&P=3854


Senator Harkin, with all due respect Sir, you need to clean up your own house first. and that should be to repeal GWs and the OIE BSE MRR policy, the legal policy of trading all strains of TSE globally. ...TSS





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