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From: TSS ()
Subject: Report monitoring testing of ruminants for the presence of TSE in the EU in 2005. (June 2006) Updated
Date: August 22, 2006 at 4:24 pm PST

BSE - Annual Reports
Report on the monitoring and testing of ruminants for the presence of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) in the EU in 2005. (June 2006) Updated


In 2005, a total of 10.113.559 bovine, 349.340 ovine and 265.489 caprine animals were

tested in the EU in the framework of the TSE monitoring programme. 561 bovine, 2906 ovine

and 989 caprine animals turned out positive.

1.489.988 risk bovine animals and 8.607.051 healthy animals slaughtered for human consumption

were tested by rapid tests. 2.971 bovine animals were tested in the framework of

passive surveillance (animals reported as BSE suspects by the farmer or the veterinary practitioner

and subject to laboratory examination). In addition, 13.549 animals were tested in the

framework of culling of animals with an epidemiological connection to a BSE case. 87 % of

positive cases were detected by the active monitoring (testing of risk animals, healthy slaughtered

and culled cattle) and 13 % were detected by passive surveillance. BSE cases were found

in all Member States except Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Finland

and Sweden. The number of BSE cases and the overall prevalence in tested animals decreased

by respectively 35 % and 29 % in 2005 compared to 2004. The decrease was similar in both

risk and healthy animals. These reductions and the increasing age of positive cases indicate

that measures taken in the past are having some effect.

346.959 ovine animals were tested by active monitoring, while 2.424 were animals reported

as TSE suspects and therefore subjected to laboratory examination. In caprine animals, the

numbers of tests in the respective groups were 263.921 (active monitoring) and 1.560 (TSE

suspects), 806 and 153 TSE cases in respectively sheep and goats confirmed in 2005 were

subjected to discriminatory testing. Only in 2 sheep BSE could not be excluded by the primary

discriminatory test and further analyses were needed. No new BSE cases in small ruminants

were confirmed in 2005. The results of genotyping TSE positive and random sampled sheep,

provides useful information to evaluate the susceptibility of sheep genotypes to classical and

atypical scrapie.

In addition to the Member States, Bulgaria and Norway forwarded information on the TSE testing

of bovine, ovine and caprine animals.

Further information:

Health and Consumer Protection Directorate-General, Unit E2;

fax: +32-2-296.90.62;


BSE - Monthly Reports of Member States on BSE and TSE
BSE testing in 2006 Updated


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