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From: TSS ()
Subject: [Docket No. APHIS-2006-0047] Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Availability of an Estimate of Prevalence in the United States
Date: May 3, 2006 at 7:10 am PST


[Federal Register: May 3, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 85)]
[Notices]
[Page 26019-26020]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr03my06-36]

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2006-0047]


Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Availability of an Estimate of
Prevalence in the United States

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice of availability.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are advising the public that an analysis of the prevalence
of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in the United States has been
prepared by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. We are
making the analysis of BSE prevalence in this country available to the
public.

ADDRESSES: Copies of the analysis are available for review on the
Internet (see SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION below) and in our reading room.
The reading room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building,
14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC. Normal
reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call
(202) 690-2817 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Brian McCluskey, National
Surveillance Coordinator, National Surveillance Unit, Center for Animal
Health Surveillance, VS, APHIS, USDA, 2150 Centre Avenue, Fort Collins,
CO 80526-8177; 970-494-7589.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a
progressive and fatal neurological disorder of cattle that results from
an unconventional transmissible agent. BSE belongs to the family of
diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
Since 1990, the United States has conducted surveillance for BSE in
this country with increasing intensity, including an enhanced
surveillance effort implemented following the diagnosis of BSE in a cow
of Canadian origin in Washington State in December 2003.

[[Page 26020]]

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has
conducted an analysis of the BSE surveillance data collected in the
United States. Based on this analysis, APHIS has arrived at an estimate
of BSE prevalence in this country. This information will help to guide
and support any future requests for consideration of the overall BSE
status of the United States.
We are making our analysis of BSE prevalence in the United States
available to the public. This report is considered a draft and will
undergo peer review.
The analysis may be viewed on the APHIS Web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/newsroom/hot_issues/bse/bse_in_usa.shtml.
Click

on the document titled ``An Estimate of the Prevalence of BSE in the
United States.'' The analysis may be also viewed on the Regulations.gov
Web site. Go to http://www.regulations.gov, click on the ``Advanced

Search'' tab and select ``Docket Search.'' In the Docket ID field,
enter APHIS-2006-0047, click on ``Submit,'' then click on the Docket ID
link in the search results page. The analysis will appear in the
resulting list of documents.
You may request paper copies of the analysis by calling or writing
to the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please
refer to the title of the analysis (``An Estimate of the Prevalence of
BSE in the United States'') when requesting copies. The analysis is
also available for review in our reading room (information on the
location and hours of the reading room is provided under the heading
ADDRESSES at the beginning of this notice).

Done in Washington, DC, this 1st day of May 2006.
Elizabeth E. Gaston,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. E6-6728 Filed 5-2-06; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-34-P

http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20061800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2006/E6-6728.htm

http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20061800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2006/pdf/E6-6728.pdf

CDC DR. PAUL BROWN TSE EXPERT COMMENTS 2006The U.S. Department of Agriculture was quick to assure the public earlier this week that the third case of mad cow disease did not pose a risk to them, but what federal officials have not acknowledged is that this latest case indicates the deadly disease has been circulating in U.S. herds for at least a decade. The second case, which was detected last year in a Texas cow and which USDA officials were reluctant to verify, was approximately 12 years old. These two cases (the latest was detected in an Alabama cow) present a picture of the disease having been here for 10 years or so, since it is thought that cows usually contract the disease from contaminated feed they consume as calves. The concern is that humans can contract a fatal, incurable, brain-wasting illness from consuming beef products contaminated with the mad cow pathogen. "The fact the Texas cow showed up fairly clearly implied the existence of other undetected cases," Dr. Paul Brown, former medical director of the National Institutes of Health's Laboratory for Central Nervous System Studies and an expert on mad cow-like diseases, told United Press International. "The question was, 'How many?' and we still can't answer that." Brown, who is preparing a scientific paper based on the latest two mad cow cases to estimate the maximum number of infected cows that occurred in the United States, said he has "absolutely no confidence in USDA tests before one year ago" because of the agency's reluctance to retest the Texas cow that initially tested positive. USDA officials finally retested the cow and confirmed it was infected seven months later, but only at the insistence of the agency's inspector general. "Everything they did on the Texas cow makes everything USDA did before 2005 suspect," Brown said. ...snip...end

http://www.upi.com/ConsumerHealthDaily/view.php?StoryID=20060315-055557-1284r

CDC - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Variant Creutzfeldt ... Dr. Paul Brown is Senior Research Scientist in the Laboratory of Central Nervous System ... Address for correspondence: Paul Brown, Building 36, Room 4A-05, ...

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no1/brown.htm

CDC - Afterthoughts about Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and ... Afterthoughts about Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Paul Brown Senior Investigator, National Institutes of Health, ...

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no3_supp/brown.htm

PLEASE SEE FLAMING EVIDENCE THAT THE USDA ET AL COVERED UP MAD COW DISEASE IN TEXAS ;
PAGE 43; Section 2. Testing Protocols and Quality Assurance Controls snip...
FULL TEXT 130 PAGES

http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/50601-10-KC.pdf

[GAO-05-101 ] Mad Cow Disease: FDA's Management of the Feed Ban Has Improved, but Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Limit Program Effectiveness Size: 104986 , Score: 1000 , TEXT , PDF , SUMMARY

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/useftp.cgi?IPaddress=162.140.64.88&filename=d05101.txt&directory=/diskb/wais/data/gao

[2] [GAO-05-101 ] Mad Cow Disease: FDA's Management of the Feed Ban Has Improved, but Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Limit Program Effectiveness Size: 104986 , Score: 1000 , TEXT , PDF , SUMMARY
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/useftp.cgi?IPaddress=162.140.64.88&filename=d05101.txt&directory=/diskb/wais/data/gao
[Docket No. 03-025IFA] FSIS Prohibition of the Use of Specified Risk Materials for Human Food and Requirement for the Disposition of Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle 03-025IFA 03-025IFA-2 Terry S. Singeltary

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/03-025IFA/03-025IFA-2.pdf

Subject: Substances Prohibited from Use in Animal Food or Feed, Proposed Rule, Docket No. 2002N-0273 C-534 VOL 45 (PhRMA) and Entered On February 17, 2006 Date: March 10, 2006 at 5:23 pm PST Marie A. Vodicka, PhD Assistant Vice President Biologics & Blotechnology Scientlflc & Regulatory Affairs SCIENCE & REG AFFAIRS Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305) Food and Drug Administration 5630 Fishers Lane, rrn . 1061 Rackville, MD 20862 Re: Substances Prohibited from Use in Animal Food or Feed, Proposed Rule, Docket No. 2002N-0273 February 14, 2006 Dear Sir or Madam : The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) is providing comment to the proposed rules issued. ......
snip...

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273-c000534-01-vol45.pdf

Subject: Docket No: 2002N-0273 (formerly Docket No. 02N-0273) Substances Prohibited From Use in Animal Food and Feed PAUL BROWNDate: January 20, 2006 at 9:31 am PST December 20,2005 Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305) Food and Drug Administration 5630 Fishers Lane Room 1061 Rockville, MD 20852 Re: Docket No: 2002N-0273 (formerly Docket No. 02N-0273) Substances Prohibited From Use in Animal Food and Feed Dear Sir or Madame: As scientists and Irecognized experts who have worked in the field of TSEs for decades, we are deeply concerned by the recent discoveries of indigenous BSE infected cattle in North America and appreciate the opportunity to submit comments to this very......... snip... Given that BSE can be transmitted to cattle via an oral route with just .OO1 gram of infected tissue, it may not take much infectivity to contaminate feed and keep the disease recycling. ........

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273-c000490-vol40.pdf

December 19, 2005 Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305) Food and Drug Administration 5630 Fishers Lane Room 1061 Rockville, MD 20852 Re: Docket No: 2002N-0273 (formerly Docket No. 02N-0273) Substances Prohibited From Use in Animal Food and Feed Dear Sir or Madame: The McDonald’s Corporation buys more beef than any other restaurant in the United States. It is essential for our customers and our company that the beef has the highest level of safety. Concerning BSE, ........... snip.......

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273_emc-000134-02.pdf

THE SEVEN SCIENTIST REPORT ***


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273-EC244-Attach-1.pdf

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/03-025IFA/03-025IFA-2.pdf

Sent: Saturday, June 04, 2005 8:07 AM
Subject: BSE OIE CHAPTER 2.3.13 (The Weakening of a already terribly flawwed BSE/TSE surveillance system)

http://p079.ezboard.com/fwolftracksproductionsfrm2.showMessage?topicID=470.topic

Audit Report Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program – Phase II and Food Safety andInspection Service Controls Over BSE Sampling, Specified Risk Materials, andAdvanced Meat Recovery Products - Phase III

http://brain.hastypastry.net/forums/showthread.php?t=120372

Subject: Re: Summary of Enhanced BSE Surveillance in the United States & BSE Prevalence Estimate for U.S. April 27, 2006Date: April 28, 2006 at 10:20 am PSTRelease No. 0143.06Contact:Ed Loyd (202) 720-4623Jim Rogers (202) 690-4755

http://disc.server.com/discussion.cgi?disc=167318;article=2815;title=CJD%20WATCH

Meanwhile, back at the ranch with larry, curly, and mo at USDA ET AL ON BSE ALABAMA STYLE

http://www.prwatch.org/node/4624

http://disc2.server.com/discussion.cgi?disc=167318;article=2763;title=CJD%20WATCH

TSS





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