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From: TSS ()
Subject: Notice About Enhanced Surveillance of BSE in Healthy Cattle
Date: October 7, 2005 at 9:05 pm PST


October 7, 2005

Notice About Enhanced Surveillance of BSE in Healthy Cattle
FSIS issued Notice 63-05 to establishments that have entered the Healthy Cattle Sample Collection Agreement. The notice addresses the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's (APHIS) intentions to implement an enhanced surveillance program for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

APHIS personnel are expected to collect 20,000 brain samples from apparently healthy adult cattle 30 months of age and older presented at slaughter. Notice 63-05 provides instructions to FSIS personnel on their involvement and responsibilities at the establishments that APHIS selects to participate in its sample collection program.

APHIS will conduct all sample selection and collection from apparently healthy cattle, and will work with each establishment to develop a sampling plan, which will include information on when, where and how samples will be collected. APHIS will also document its agreement with the selected establishments with the Healthy Cattle Sample Collection Agreement.

FSIS will continue to collect brain samples from all antemortem condemned cattle including non-ambulatory disabled and animals showing signs of Central Nervous System disease as instructed in FSIS Notice 28-04.

A copy of Notice 63-05 can be found online at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/
FSISNotices/63-05.pdf (PDF Only).

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/news_&_events/Const_Update_100705/index.asp


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE

WASHINGTON, DC

63-05 9/28/05 FSIS NOTICE

APHIS SAMPLING OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY ADULT CATTLE FOR THE

ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM FOR BSE

NOTE: This notice only pertains to inspection program personnel who have been

notified by APHIS that their establishment has entered into a Healthy Cattle

Sample Collection Agreement

I. PURPOSE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) personnel will collect 20,000

brain samples from apparently healthy adult cattle 30 months of age and older

presented at slaughter as part of that agency’s enhanced surveillance program for

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). This notice provides instructions to FSIS

personnel on their involvement and responsibilities at the establishments that APHIS

selects to participate in its sample collection program.

NOTE: FSIS personnel will continue to collect brain samples from all antemortem

condemned cattle including non-ambulatory disabled and animals showing signs of

Central Nervous System (CNS) disease as instructed in FSIS Notice 28-04 (FSIS

Sample Collection from Cattle Condemned During Antemortem Inspection for the

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program).

II. BACKGROUND

A. APHIS is beginning its program to sample 20,000 apparently healthy adult cattle

under its enhanced surveillance program for BSE. For purposes of the APHIS program,

"apparently healthy adult cattle" are defined as adult cattle 30 months of age and older

that have passed FSIS antemortem inspection, including cattle handled under 9 CFR

309.2(a). Sample collection will occur at participating slaughter establishments that

APHIS has selected for sampling.

DISTRIBUTION: Notified NOTICE EXPIRES: 10/1/06 OPI: OPPED

inspection program personnel

FSIS NOTICE 63-05

B. A participating establishment is to continue to follow its written procedure as

incorporated into its HACCP system to ensure effective removal, segregation, and

disposition of specified risk material (9CFR 310.22(d)(1)). Additionally, the

establishment is to follow its established procedures for age determination. Apparently

C. healthy animals selected for BSE testing must be 30 months of age and older. If a

plant in carrying out its age determination procedures determines a selected carcass to

be less than 30 months of age, the selected carcass will not be sampled for BSE and

therefore is not subject to FSIS retention.

D. APHIS is responsible for all aspects of the sample selection and collection from

apparently healthy adult cattle. APHIS personnel will work with each establishment to

develop a sampling plan, including when, where, and how they will collect the samples

and will document their agreement with the establishment in the Healthy Cattle Sample

Collection Agreement. APHIS will notify FSIS of participating establishments through

the District Office (DO) and the DO will notify the Public Health Veterinarian (PHV) at

those establishments. It is important for FSIS inspection personnel to keep in mind that

in a Federal Register notice dated January 12, 2004, FSIS stated that it would not apply

the marks of inspection to carcasses of cattle tested for BSE until a negative test result

is attained.

III. AWARENESS MEETING

A. Prior to the initiation of sample collection, the PHV, the establishment, and the

Area Veterinarian-in-Charge (AVIC), or designee, are to have an awareness meeting.

B. The meeting should include discussions pertaining to the projected sampling

number that has been supplied by APHIS for that establishment; the establishment’s

slaughter and carcass cooler capacity to hold the retained carcasses and edible parts

pending laboratory confirmation of a negative finding; the logistics of carcass and part

retention; and identification, segregation, or disposal of inedible parts (e.g., blood,

hooves, horns, mammary glands, and viscera including lungs) pending the BSE test

result.

C. The FSIS PHV will document the meeting in a memorandum of interview (MOI)

and include who was present, the date of the meeting, issues that were discussed, and

what was decided on each issue discussed in the meeting.

D. The PHV is to maintain the MOI in the inspection files and provide a copy to the

establishment management and the APHIS AVIC for the State in which the

establishment is located.

2

FSIS NOTICE 63-05

IV. SAMPLE SELECTION AND COLLECTION

A. After FSIS completes antemortem inspection, APHIS will select the designated

number of apparently healthy adult cattle for sampling. (See attached flowchart).

B. FSIS will make the postmortem disposition, using established criteria,

independent of whether animals are selected by APHIS for sampling.

NOTE: If a carcass selected for APHIS sampling is condemned at postmortem, the BSE

sampling will still be conducted. Also, inspection program personnel are to continue to

collect blood and tissue samples for additional purposes (e.g., pathology, tuberculosis,

and residue), perform screening tests, prepare samples, and submit samples to

appropriate laboratories. Inspection program personnel are to properly dispose of

excess tissue resulting from the diagnostic test or sample submission as set out in IV. I.

below.

C. After the completion of FSIS postmortem inspection of heads, APHIS personnel

will collect the brain samples in a location pre-determined by the establishment with

APHIS.

D. Inspection program personnel are to attach a "U.S. Retained" tag (FSIS Form

6502-1) to the leading side of each carcass to be tested. PHVs are not to allow the

application of the mark of inspection until the BSE test results are confirmed negative.

E. Inspection program personnel also are to attach a "U.S. Retained" blue gang tag

(FSIS Form 6502-2) to each corresponding part of the carcass, edible, and inedible

parts in accordance with 9 CFR 310.3 and 310.4.

NOTE: Additional "U.S. Retained tags" will be used as needed to retain control of any

batched edible and inedible parts according to the establishment's identification

procedures. Also, inspection program personnel do not have to retain hides.

NOTE: FSIS's expectation is that blood resulting from the primary stick would be

collected and retained or disposed of as set out in IV. I.; however, incidental blood

drippage resulting during the dressing process would not be retained.

F. The establishment is responsible for maintaining the identity of the carcass, and

of edible and inedible parts, and, in accordance with 9 CFR 310.2, for collecting and

maintaining all identification (e.g., ear tags, back tags, and other identifying devices)

with the carcass in a clear plastic bag.

G. The APHIS collector will enter the identification information into the BSE

Surveillance Information System (BSE-SIS). The collector will then bag all the

identification items, label them with the sample number and bar code sticker, and attach

a copy of the BSE Surveillance Data Collection Form. The logistics for APHIS receipt of

the identification information collected under 9 CFR 310.2, and correlation of the BSESIS

bar code with US Retain and gang tag numbers will be fully discussed during the

awareness meeting and understood prior to any sample collection.

3

FSIS NOTICE 63-05

H. PHVs are to maintain the items from the APHIS collector (See G above) and the

stub portion of the "U.S. Retained" tag (which will have the blue gang tag number

recorded on it or attached to it) under FSIS security until the test results have been

returned.

I. If the establishment chooses to dispose of any carcass, edible or inedible part, or

condemned carcasses tested by APHIS, prior to receiving test results, it should use one

of the following preferred options:

• Render at dedicated facilities for non-animal feed use (e.g., biofuel or cement)

• Alkaline digestion

• Incineration

• Lined land fills

(See Section V. of FSIS Notice 40-04 "Additional Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

(BSE) Surveillance Sampling Questions and Answers", which contains procedures for

carcass disposal).

J. In accordance established procedures, inspection program personnel are to

document the retain tag numbers on the Daily Disposition Form, FSIS Form 6200-14,

and the final disposition of the tested animals on this form after test results have been

reported by APHIS.

V. TEST RESULTS

A. The AVIC will e-mail a report with the negative BSE test results to the appropriate

PHV with copies to the Front-line Supervisor and DO.

NOTE: Partial test results of a day’s retained carcasses will not be reported to the PHV.

B. The e-mail will contain the negative results for each individual animal of that

date’s lot/day/shift. If any result is inconclusive for the lot/day/shift, the PHV will be

notified through supervisory channels about the status of all tested animals in the

lot/day/shift in accordance with established interagency reporting lines for BSE

inconclusive results.

1. if the test is negative (reported as "not detected") the carcasses and parts

may be released from the BSE testing retention.

2. if the test is inconclusive or confirmed positive, the PHV will receive

supervisory instruction on further actions. For any confirmed positive the carcasses,

edible, and inedible parts are to be disposed of by one of the options listed in paragraph

IV.

4

FSIS NOTICE 63-05

VI. SANITATION

A. At an establishment that slaughters or processes both cattle 30 months of age

and older and cattle younger than 30 months of age, inspection program personnel are

to verify that the equipment (e.g., saws and knives) is properly cleaned and sanitized

between carcasses or parts as set out in FSIS Notice 10-4.

B. The sanitation principles of cleaning and sanitization between cattle 30 months

of age and older and cattle under 30 months of age are also applicable to cattle that are

tested or not tested for BSE. An establishment may elect to clean and sanitize

equipment between each animal or between multiple animals that are tested for BSE.

FSIS will verify establishment execution of their sanitation standard operating procedure

under 9 CFR 416 to determine the scope of affected product for any non-negative BSE

sample.

VII. eADRS PROCDURES

Each day that apparently healthy cattle are selected for APHIS testing, the PHV is

to document in eADRS the number of cattle selected. To record this in eADRS, the

PHV is to open eADRS, choose the category titled "cattle," and then locate the subcategory

titled "APHIS 20K Surveillance". The PHV then is to enter the total number of

cattle collected for that date. (i.e., if 9 are collected, the total number entered into the

"20K" position would be 9).

Direct questions to the Technical Service Center at 1-800-233-3935.

Assistant Administrator

Office of Policy, Program, and Employee Development

5

FSIS NOTICE 63-05

Attachment

Cattle Pass

Ante mortem Cattle

APHIS

After the

to the

At -

Affix a "gang-tag" (that

At – use the

Wait for

)

i

Maintain

retention

Flow Chart for the Selection of Apparently Healthy Adult Cattle for BSE Testing

Inspection

Slaughter of

Selection and Identification

of Cattle for BSE Testing by

Collection of Cattle

Identification Devices by the

Establishment/APHIS

Dehiding Process -

Affix U.S. Retain Tag

Carcass –

Head Removal

is correlated with the

US Retain Tag on

carcass) to the head.

Evisceration

remaining "gang-tags", as

needed, to retain the viscera.

Carcasses "passing"

postmortem inspection

are retained in cooler

Carcasses (and parts) that

are retained for diagnostic

purposes (i.e., TB, FAST);

have US Retain tags

attached.

BSE Test

Results

Submit tissues as

appropriate for diagnostic

testing (TB, FAST, etc

Inconclusive or Posit ve

Test Results

Carcass disposition based on

diagnostic testing and BSE negative

results

Negative BSE Test Results

Retain head product with

gang-tag or tags

Release carcasses and

parts unless retained for

other regulatory

reasons. Apply Marks of

Inspection

6

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FSISNotices/63-05.pdf

TSS






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