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From: TSS ()
Subject: Re: Canada’s Protocols for BSE Surveillance DOES NOT MANDATE WB CONFIRMATION
Date: August 11, 2005 at 6:59 am PST

In Reply to: Re: Canada’s Protocols for BSE Surveillance DOES NOT MANDATE WB CONFIRMATION posted by TSS on August 11, 2005 at 6:57 am:

##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

Hello Terry
It would be more correct to say that it’s the _USDA policy_.
They never talk about the European EFSA BSE-risk assessments of North American countries, or even the US GAO reports revealing serious deficiencies in the US ruminant feed ban. The public are told over and over again about the Harvard report and that the US/Canadian feed bans are “effectively enforced”, that beef from cattle < 30 months is perfectly safe, etc…

But it should be remembered that the recently adopted OIE recommendation “SRM-free beef from cattle < 30 months can be safely traded from all countries, irrespective of their BSE-status” was the result of a majority of OIE members states voting Yes to the proposed new OIE/BSE chapter. I don’t know how many countries voted against but I don’t think there were many. Most countries are OIE members. It is a mystery to me why they vote Yes to a BSE chapter that doesn’t even specify what is meant by “controlled BSE-risk country” or “effectively enforced ban”.

It should also be remembered that many countries at risk of BSE have not yet detected their first case. Many countries have not even produced a risk analysis for BSE. Probably many of these don’t have SRM policies in place, or even ruminant feed bans. SRM may still not be removed from the food chain in Mexico (see EFSA’s risk assessment for Mexico August 2004), but USDA and CDC seem to ignore any risk from Mexico.

US travelers are told only about risks “from Europe and other areas _with indigenous cases_ of BSE”. By this they mean official reported indigenous cases.
http://www2.ncid.cdc.gov/travel/yb/utils/ybGet.asp?section=dis&obj=madcow.htm
“…To reduce any risk of acquiring vCJD from food, travelers to Europe or other areas with indigenous cases of BSE may consider either avoiding beef and beef products altogether or selecting beef or beef products, such as solid pieces of muscle meat (rather than brains or beef products like burgers and sausages), that might have a reduced opportunity for contamination with tissues that may harbor the BSE agent…”
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Health Information for international Travel 2005-2006)

If US tourists wish to know which countries might be at risk, they can visit
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/NCIE/country.html last updated June 23, 2005
They will find Canada under “Countries/Areas Affected with BSE – 9 CFR 94.18”, _but not the USA_!…
They will _not_ find Mexico or South Africa under “Countries that are considered to have a substantial risk associated with BSE”… but Norway and Sweden are listed in this ‘substantial risk’ category, although both are low risk countries where SRM has been destroyed since October 2000 and a total animal protein feed ban for all species has been in place since January 2001.
EFSA’s risk assessments for Mexico and South Africa (both assessed as risk level III) were published in August 2004, at the same time as EFSA’s assessments of Norway and Sweden (both assessed at level II).

I suppose there is a lot of tourism and travel from the US to Mexico.
According to the EFSA report on Mexico (August 2004): “…There is no SRM ban. SRM is normally destined for human consumption…”... viscera, eyes, brains or spinal cords are usually not rendered…”
I don’t know if this has changed since 2004.

Best regards
Karin Irgens

-----Opprinnelig melding-----
Fra: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy [mailto:BSE-L@aegee.org]På vegne
av Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Sendt: 9. august 2005 16:16
Til: BSE-L@aegee.org
Emne: Re: Canada’s Protocols for BSE Surveillance DOES NOT MANDA TE WB
CONFIRMATION


##################### Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #####################

SNIP...END



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