Health

 

Vitamin D Pills Are of Little or No Benefit and Some Harm

drmcdougall.com | John McDougall MD | 04/01/10

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According to popular opinions coming from friends, family, and physicians, most people are vitamin D deficient and in need of supplementation with pills. Evidence suggests that more than 40% of the worlds population is vitamin D deficient (1). A recent report from a Scottish doctor found only 2% of his patients had a sufficient vitamin D concentration (75 nmol/L or above), and 47% had a severe deficiency (below 25 nmol/L) (2). Low vitamin D levels found in the blood are a clear indication that there is a worldwide problem of sunlight deficiency. Rather than correct the problem and encourage people to expose themselves to more of this natural element, the solution has become another druga supplement pill sold as vitamin D.

According to the authors of a landmark editorial just published in the March 2, 2010 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, Despite the promise for disease prevention suggested by available studies, we believe that the evidence for widespread use of high-dose vitamin D supplementation in the general population remains insufficient (3). Even though the supplements translate into higher levels of vitamin D in the blood, expected benefits of reductions in the occurrences of common diseases are lacking.

Recent vitamin frenzies over the recommendations for the widespread use of antioxidants, folic acid, vitamin E, and beta-carotene provide lessons about vitamin supplements that must not be forgotten. When the proper research was finally done, the results backfired. More heart disease, cancer, and overall death were discovered in those taking these isolated concentrated nutrients (4-9). Each of the above nutrients is originally found in edible plants. In these perfect packages these nutrients provide for excellent health, prevent and cure diseases, and prolong life.

When consumed as isolated concentrated nutrients wrapped in a pill-casing, vitamin D supplements cause nutritional imbalances, which leads to metabolic sicknesses. At dosages considered safe, an increase in bad LDL-cholesterol, prostate cancer, immune system suppression, autoimmune diseases, gastrointestinal symptoms, kidney disease, and calcium stones has been observed (10-16). The adverse effects of vitamin D therapy are understudied, underestimated, and underreported.

Confounding Factors Inflate the Benefits of Vitamin D

A serious metabolic and bone disease, known as rickets, is the classic example of the consequences of prolonged sunlight deficiency. Ultraviolet light in the spectrum of the sun and vitamin D supplements will cure this condition. No one argues about this.

Recently, low vitamin D status has been associated with many other illnesses, such as heart disease, strokes, type-2 diabetes, common cancers (breast, prostate, and colon), and multiple sclerosis. The original evidence for this connection is the observation that people who live farther away from the Equator (north and south) experience a greater risk of developing these common diseases. This risk is blamed on a lessening of the amount of sunshine received annually by various populations. But a crucial oversight is made: as people move further away from the Equator they eat fewer plant foods and more animal foods. Sunshine plays a big part in overall health, but a small part in the prevention of common Western diseases. Its the food!

Researchers are further confused by confounding factors, such as: people with higher vitamin D status are in general of a young age, normal body weight, and live a healthy lifestyle (17). Lower vitamin D status is associated with smoking, parental history of myocardial infarction, alcohol intake and suffering with chronic illnesses (17). Health-conscious people are more likely to consume vitamin D fortified low-fat milk and fish (a vitamin D source), as opposed to soft drinks and junk foods, favorites of unhealthy people. (Yes, neither milk nor fish is a healthy food, but they serve as markers of people who have better habits.)

The Benefits from Pills Remain Unproven

Even though there is an association between lower vitamin D status and heart disease, strokes, type-2 diabetes, common cancers (breast, prostate, and colon), and multiple sclerosis, treatments with supplements have not been shown to be effective for these conditions (17-19). The benefits for bone fracture prevention are small and largely restricted to institutionalized elderly women and to studies that use a combination of vitamin D and calcium, not vitamin D alone (17,19).

 

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5 Comments | Leave a comment

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He's been dead wrong on this for years now, and persists in his ignorance. The science on the benefits of having enough 25(OH)vitamin D in one's blood is solid. The only disadvantage is that if you overdose, the risk of pancreatic cancer increases. I don't know what level that might be.

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Dr. McD is just putting research into our grasp. Instead of cheerleading the accepted point of view; he expands what research has revealed. This is very enlightening.

Jack in OH, you're welcome to refute this with published research, published flaws with the research that leads to this conclusions. Anything short of that is just pissing in the wind.

Vitamin D is the currently in fashion and blamed for many ills. The wheel will turn.

Till then, I suggest you get some exercise - outdoors in the sunlight. Chemical soup does not replace vitamins from food or "vitamin D" from sunlight. Popping pills, even vitamin pills, does not make a poor lifestyle and diet healthy.

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"Putting research into our grasp"??? What research? He has none. I do. Here's the latest in a long string of proven benefits to taking vitamin D3 supplements. You need to do some research, and stop listening to someone who believes what he wants to believe.

http://www.nutraingredients.com/Research/Vitamin-D-shows-promise-against-seasonal-flu-Study

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Dear Jack,

Did you even read the article, or did you just look at the author and instinctively scoff? Here is the research, I copied the link because I figured you didn't get to the second paragraph:

http://www.annals.org/content/152/5/327.extract


-Bret Shandro

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Well Bret, I didn't have to read past the first two paragraphs of Dr. McDougall's piece to realize that he is off base. I live in Toledo, OH, and we make no vitamin D from sunlight for about 4 months per year. That's NO vitamin D. Then, in March, when the sun is finally high enough on the horizon to make some D, we have a lot of cloud cover. More cloud cover than perhaps 60 years ago, due to global warming (more warming equals more water vapor, and more clouds). I've had my 25(OH)vitamin D tested many times, since I have a mild case of cystic fibrosis, and they test for that. Supplements are the only way for me to get my level up to what is now considered protective against viruses, bacteria, and fungus, ie, 50 ng/ml. In November, testing has shown my level down to 30 ng/ml, even though I spent the entire summer and fall outside. 30 is borderline for osteoporosis. So if I were to go through the winter with no supplementation, my level would be close to zero, and I'd be in a mess of trouble. I suspect others in this area would be in similar dire straights. So Dr. McDougall should continue to read on the subject. Meanwhile, I'll follow all the studies I've read, plus my own personal experience.

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